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精神分析與日常生活 ( 一 ) PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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精神分析與日常生活 ( 一 ). Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). 無神論的猶太人 十九世紀對於意識與理性層面之探討,排除意識或理性之外的心靈活動 歇斯底里病患的研究 Breuer and Anna O 談話治療 滌清法 (cathartic method) 清掃心裡的煙囪. 移情 (transference) 、阻抗 (resistance) 宣洩 (cathartic method) 醫生 — 病患關係的重要 互動的舞台 意識 conscious 前意識 preconscious 無意識(潛意識) unconscious.

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精神分析與日常生活 ( 一 )

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Sigmund freud 1856 1939

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

  • Breuer and Anna O

  • (cathartic method)


  • (transference)(resistance)

  • (cathartic method)

  • conscious

  • preconscious

  • unconscious


  • (Studies in Hysteria)


  • Psychoanalysis

  • a method of healing/therapy;

  • theory of personality or mind;

  • theory of culture (of morality, group life, society, history, art and religion)

  • as the architects of the modern world (with Marx, Nietzsche, Weber, Durkheim)


  • (neurosis)

The psychotherapy of everyday life 1901

The Psychotherapy of Everyday Life (1901)

  • Parapraxes (Freuds slips)

  • Bungled actions

  • Forms of forgetting

  • The phenomena can be traced back to incompletely suppressed psychical material, which, although pushed away by consciousness, has nevertheless not been robbed of all capacity for expressing itself


  • For Freud, all forms of everyday parapraxes register suppressed material.

  • The suppressed material might be the traumatic material of early life (and thus not everyday in the literal sense) it continues to live (to haunt us) in our everyday life (and through dreams, in our every-night life)


  • While in his case studies Freud deals with patients who find it almost impossible to live their everyday lives and are in need of some kind of help, his usual field of contemplation is the everyday world of the ordinarily troubled.


  • For Freud, the everyday is both real and unreal, both actuality and the disguise of actuality.

  • The everyday is not as it appears. Behind (or alongside, or underneath) the appearance of everyday life lies another actuality.


  • For Freud what is bracketed out in the appearance of everyday life is a forceful realm of desire and fear that can, if unchecked, burst through the propriety of daily life.

  • Slip of the tongue, dream, neurosis

  • For the most part culture and society can be understood as the name given to the checking and censorship that manages the troubling presence of these drives. Propriety and etiquette (the protocols of everyday life) instill a form of life safe from untrammeled desires and murderous lusts.


  • Civilized conduct might constitute a seemly veil over a much more unseemly actuality.

  • Social propriety (morality, civilized behavior) as a ritualistic and socially sanctioned representation of desirous and fearful material

  • Primeval desires could be seen as being re-coded into socially legitimate ones: in the place of blood-thirsty aggression lies healthy competition and ambition


  • Everyday life becomes the stage where the unconscious perform, but never with its gloves off.

  • The unconscious can be seen only in glimpses.

  • On the one hand the everyday becomes a repressive realm that censors the unconscious. On the other hand everyday life becomes the place where, however indirectly, the unconscious makes its presence felt.


  • Freud attempts to reveal structures that might underpin the everyday reality of experience and to do this Freud navigate across the poles of the particular and the general.

  • On the one hand the surface of the everyday (its manifest content) need to be given the closest of scrutiny (what you see is what there is), and on the other hand the project is precisely to go behind the scenes and reveal underlying structures and latent contents.


  • Ben Highmore, The Everyday Life Reader, 2002. New York: Routledge.

  • Ben Highmore, Everyday Life And Cultural Theory, 2002. New York: Routledge.

  • 2000,




  • (free association)


  • 1894

  • 18953

  • Haus Bellevue1895724



  • p.90

  • p.95-96

  • (104)



  • Freud





  • p.131

  • Summary: P.138


  • P.141

  • p.142

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