Iconolasts vs iconphiles
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 12

ICONOLASTS VS. ICONPHILES PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 36 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

ICONOLASTS VS. ICONPHILES. Eastern Christians considered icon a personal, Intimate and indispensible medium for spiritual Transaction with holy figures Opposition to icons became especially strong in The 8 th century when it became confused with idol Worship

Download Presentation

ICONOLASTS VS. ICONPHILES

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Iconolasts vs iconphiles

ICONOLASTS VS. ICONPHILES

Eastern Christians considered icon a personal,

Intimate and indispensible medium for spiritual

Transaction with holy figures

Opposition to icons became especially strong in

The 8th century when it became confused with idol

Worship

Emperor Leo III saw the loss of Byzantine territories to Islamic Arabs, and the disease and poverty that followed as God’s punishment for their idolatrous worship.

An Imperial ban occurred in 726 – iconoclasm. The papacy defied this ban and became iconophiles and were cast out of the empire

For over a century no icons were produced in the

Byzantine Empire and many were destroyed

John of Damascus argued for icons because God made his son and humankind in his image

Basil I restored the use of icons in the late 9th century as he aimed to restore Byzantium toGlory of the Ancient Roman Empire. With this restoration the pendulum begins to swing back towards NATURALISM


What stylistic developments do you see

What Stylistic developments do you see

Christ Pantokrator =

Christ the “All-powerful” or

“Ruler of All” and judge of

humanity


Iconolasts vs iconphiles

What are the facts? (F)

Artist: NA

Patron: NA

Title: rucifixion

Period/Style: Mid Byzantine, 1100

Size: Large Scale

Location: Church of the Dormition

Material/technique: Mosaic

Subject Matter

Christ Crucified with Mary and Saint John

Context/Function

Location: WallBelow the dome – signifies Christ’s ressurection into heaven

Historical Events Made after ban on icons has been lifted. Macedonian dynasty or emperors seek to restore Byzantine to the golden days of Rome through artistic patronage


Iconolasts vs iconphiles

Formal Analysis:

Style: Blend of naturalism from late antiquity style and the flat Byzaninte style. Classical organic structure of form mixed piety and feeling of early Byzantine art

Composition:

  • Symmetry and closed space creates a sense of motionlessness

  • Not a historical narrative, nor is Christ a beardless and triumphant youth

  • He has a tilted head and sagging body. His wounds bleed. John and Mary point to him as if to say he is a devotional object

  • They act as intercessors between viewer and Christ, who in the dome performs the last judgement

  • Skull = Golgotha “Place of Skulls” where crucifixion took place outside Jerusalem


Iconolasts vs iconphiles

Explain how the Crucifixion mosaic from the Church of Dormition accommodates both religious beliefs and practices within it cultures


Middle byzantine painting

Middle Byzantine Painting

What are the facts? (F)

Artist: NA

Patron: NA

Title: Lamentation

Period/Style: Mid Byzantine, 1100

Size: Large Scale

Location: Saint Pantaleimon, Macedonia

Material/technique: Fresco painting

Subject Matter

Passionate Grief over dead Christ


Middle byzantine painting1

Middle Byzantine Painting

Context / Purpose

Historical Event: Post

Iconoclasm

Big Ideas: Renewed interest in the classical world and naturalism impact subject matter and portrayal of religious iconography.

Art inspires spiritual and emotional reactions

Function: To inspire in the viewer the emotional impact of Christ’s death


Middle byzantine painting2

Middle Byzantine Painting

Forma Analysis

Passionate Grief over dead Christ is shown in the gestures of the characters:

- Mary, old and tiered looking, Presses her cheek against Christ’s lifeless body

- Saint John bends over an clings to Christ’s hand

- A grouping of disciples kneel at his feat showing their reverence

The scene take place in our world under a blue sky atop a hill = a natural setting which heightens the human emotions of this episode in Christ’s story


Iconolasts vs iconphiles

What are the facts? (F)

Artist: NA

Patron: NA

Title: Virgin of Compassion (Vladimir Virgin) - icon

Period/Style: Mid Byzantine, 1100

Size: 2’ 65.” x 1’ 9”

Location: Saint Pantaleimon, Macedonia

Material/technique: Tempora paint on wood

Subject Matter

Compassionate Mary (Theotokos) with Christ child


Iconolasts vs iconphiles

Context

Historical Events:

End of Iconoclasm – icon paintings were now

displayed in hierarchial scale on the columnar screen that divided the sanctuary from the rest of the church

Location: This icon passed between various Russian location. Russian believe it saved the city of Kazan from Tartar invasion, and later all of Russia from the poles in the 17th century

Big Idea: With the revival of naturalism icons become more emotionally expressive


Iconolasts vs iconphiles

Formal Analysis

Characteristic traits of Byzantine icon of the Virgin Mary and Christ Baby:

Long straight nose,

Small mouth,

Flesh is more naturally modeled than early Byzantine art

Golden rays in the infants drapery (signifying light of god and divinity)

Contour of Mary’s robe encloses her and the infant Christ in a flat silhouette against a golden ground (indicator of their position in heaven)

Again Mary presses her cheek against Christ’s in an intimate portrayal of mother and son

She gazes down lost in thought as she contemplates the future sacrifice of her son

Function: Invites the audience to join Mary in her contemplation of Christ’s death / Pathos = object of religious meditation not idol worship


Iconolasts vs iconphiles

  • DISCUSS THE IMPACT HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS (INCLUDING RELIGIOUSDEVELOPMENTS) HAD ON DETERMINING

  • THE PRESENTATION OF THE SUBJECT MATTER?


  • Login