Computer Programs

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Computer Programs

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1. 1 ????????? Computer Programs

2. 2 ????? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????????? ????????? ???? ???? ??????? ????????. ??? ????????? (Software) ??? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ???????. ????? ????? ???? ???? ???????? ??????? Programmer ))

3. 3 ????? ????????? ( Computer Software ) ???? ????? ?? ????????? ?? : ??????? ????? ( System Software ) ????????? ????????? ( Applications Software )

4. 4 ??????? ????? ) System Software ( ?? ????????? ???? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??? . ???? ??? ????????? : ? ? ???? ??????? Programming Languages ? ? ????????? ????????? Compilers And Interpreters ? ? ??? ??????? Operating Systems

5. 5 ???? ??????? Programming Languages ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???????. ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ????????? ? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? : ????????? FORTRAN ? ???????? COBOL ? ????????? PASCAL ? ??? C ? ??????? JAVA .

6. 6 ????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? (Binary/Machine Code) ??? ?????????? (Assembly Code) ?????? ????? ??????? (High level languages) ?????? ????????? (Application Generators) ??????? ???????? ??????? (Object Oriented Programming)

7. 7 ??? ????? Machine Language ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ????????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???????? .

8. 8 ??? ?????????? Assembly Language ??? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ?? ???????? ?????????????? Mnemonic Symbols) ) ??? STO , MUL , ADD ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ( Assembler )

9. 9 ?????? ????? ??????? High Level Languages ?? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???????. ??? ????? ??? ?????? FORTRAN, COBOL, PASCAL, C, BASIC ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? .

10. 10 ?????? ????????? Application Generators ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? .

11. 11 ??????? ???????? ??????? Object Oriented Programs ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? Objects ? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? .

12. 12 ????????? ?? ???????? Compilers And Interpreters ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????? ??????? ( Source – code ) ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????? ( Object – code ) ??????? ???? ?????. ?? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ???. ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ???????. ??????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ??????? .

13. 13 ??? ??????? Operating Systems ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????. ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? Supervisor ????? ???????? Monitor ?? ?????? Executive

14. 14 ????? ??? ??????? 1 ? ????? ??????? 2 ? ????? ??? ?? ???????? 3 ? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? / ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? 4 ? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ??? . 5 ? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???????? ????????. 6 ? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? .

15. 15 ????? ??? ??????? 1 ? ????? ?????? (Multi-tasking) 2 ? ????? ???????? (Multi-processing) 3 ? ???????? ??????? (Concurrent) 4 ? ???? ????? ????? ??????? (Network Systems) 5 ? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??????? (Real-time Systems)

16. 16 ????????? ????????? Applications Software ?????: ????? ???????????? ????? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? Auto CAD? ??????...

17. 17 ????? ????????? ???? ?????? 1 ? ????????? ???????? ( Commercial Software ) 2 ? ????????? ??????? ????? ( Shareware ) 3 ? ????????? ???????? ( Freeware ) 4 ? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ( Public Domain Software )

18. 18 ??????? ?? ????????? Interfaces ??????? Interfaces ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? : 1 ? ??????? ?????? ??????? : Command Line Interface 2 ? ??????? ???????? : Graphical User Interface

19. 19 ????? ????? System Development ???? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ????????.

20. 20 ????? ????? ?????? 1 ? ????? ????????? 2 ? ????? ?????? 3 ? ??????? 4 - ??????? 5 ? ?????? ???? ?????? 6 ? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?????? 7 ? ?????? 8 ? ?????? ?????? ???????

21. 21 ???? ??????? ( Multimedia ) ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? Multimedia Computer

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