Bureaucratic Structure and Performance: New Evidence from Africa. Julius Court, Office of the Rector [email protected] The United Nations University http://www.unu.edu/africa/. Overview.
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From: Court, Kristen and Weder, 1999, Bureaucratic Structure and Performance: New Evidence from Africa, UNU Working Paper.
Knack and Keefer, 1995
Evans and Rauch, 1999a
World Bank, 1997 (WDR)
Evans and Rauch, 1999b
World Bank, 1993 (EAM)
Private Sect Career
Significance * - ten; ** - five; *** - one % level.
Government increasingly espouses the goal of cooperating with the private sector in a “smart partnership” to achieve common development objectives.
5 years ago
10 years ago
20 years ago
Tips and bribes
4,38Botswana over Time
Average: Not include efficiency.
The relationship between government and the private sector is now more open than 10-20 years ago. Then, the relationship was antagonistic. The one major hindrance to improved relationship is the culture of corruption.
The strong racial divide between government (Black dominated) and business (White dominated) make South Africa a complex case … An unproductive work ethic, ideological commitment to affirmative action, and inexperience in government are the major constraints currently in the bureaucracy.
I witnessed a lot of deterioration in public service discipline and total erosion in integrity and moral behaviour. So much so that now, corruption is an accepted norm in our society… Of recent, the relationship between the private sector and government has significantly improved due to the introduction of economic and political reforms.
… depends on which pieces you choose.