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Plagiarism & Cheating - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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By, Aram Nazarian Calix O’hara George Matarangus Anthony Pallone and Nolan Morgan. Plagiarism & Cheating. You Better Cite Us If You're Going to Use Stuff From Our Presentation!. What is Plagiarism? .

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Plagiarism & Cheating

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Aram Nazarian


George Matarangus

Anthony Pallone


Nolan Morgan

Plagiarism & Cheating

You Better Cite Us If You're Going to Use Stuff From Our Presentation!

What is Plagiarism? 

  • The unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's ...

What is Plagiarism?

own original work, as by not crediting the author- Dictionary.comUsing someone else’s work and passing it off as your own.- Us

  • According to a survey by the Psychological Record 36% of undergraduates have admitted to plagiarizing written material.

What is Plagiarism?


How Do People Plagiarize?

Copy someone else’s homework and call it your own

Copying material from an internet source without giving credit.

How Do People Plagiarize?


Literature and essays are not the only thing plagiarized, art, photos , and films are also plagiarized.

What Is Cheating?

To defraud; swindle-

To deceive; influence by fraud-

To elude; deprive of something expected. –

Cheating (cont.)

To break and or bend the rules to your favor giving yourself an unfair advantage over others.- Us

A form of deception.-Us

How Do People Cheat in School?

Look at someone else’s homework or test

Copy off someone else’s work

Using a "cheat sheet"

How Do People Cheat in School?

  • Cheating is therefore a form of plagiarism, and 

  • vice-versa

Copying someone’s work and not giving them credit

  • 54% of students admitted to plagiarizing from the internet

  •  74% admitted that at least once during the past year they had engaged in "serious" cheating

  • A national survey published in Education Week :

Cheating (cont.)

Why do people plagiarize 

    1.     Time Crunch

    2.     Laziness

    3.     Competition

    4.     Confused

    5.     Citation Errors

Time Crunch/Procrastination

  • Homework piles up

  • Sports take up a students time

  • Students procrastinate

    • Lose track of time

Time Crunch

Psychology Today

"Twenty percent of people identify themselves as chronic procrastinators. For them procrastination is a lifestyle, albeit a maladaptive one"

Time Crunch

  • Students get very accustomed to putting off work which leads to bad procrastination habits.


Time Crunch

  • Bad Procrastination Habits ---> Need for a last minute shortcut. 



  • Homework or essays can be too boring

    • Work isn't engaging enough

    • Students just want to be done with work and do other fun activities

Laziness pt. 2

  • Students become completely disengaged

    • Don't see why they should work

      • Completely lose interest

Laziness pt. 3

  • Student may feel to tired to work

    • Don't want to actually put any effort into working. 

      • Plagiarizing takes less time and effort

Procrastination/Laziness, theCatholic View

 "You have no idea what your life will be like tomorrow. You are a puff of smoke that appears briefly and then disappears... 

So for one who know the right thing to do and does not do it, it is sin.” James 4: 14,17

Procrastination/Laziness, theCatholic View

Procrastination/Laziness, theCatholic View

Catholics believe that a habitual procrastination leads to "sloth", which is one of the seven deadly sins.


Students resort to plagiarism when they feel that it is the only way to move ahead. 

They are too academically pressured -> plagiarism


  • Writers block

    • Student just can't think of anymore to write

    • Looking on the internet/copying and pasting is easier than working

Confusion pt. 2

  • Lacking understanding

    • When they were taught the subject in class they didn't listen or understand it

      • Don't know what to write

      • They choose plagiarism

Accidental Plagiarism 

Oftentimes, students forget to cite their source or do it incorrectly

Don't follow instructions properly

Accidental Plagiarism

Plagiarism is still plagiarism even if it not intentional. 

It is important to cite sources to avoid this problem

Accidental Plagiarism

Ties in with Laziness Sub-point: 

Students are too tired to cite properly on a bibliography at the end of the paper. 

Accidental Plagiarism

Students subconsciously phrase things in the same way they heard it from another text

Don't Realize, its not original thought 

To Kant, it is OK. 

Catholic Views

  • The Catholic Encyclopedia discusses fraud

    •  It defines fraud as an act or course of deception deliberately practised with the view of gaining an advantage

Catholic Views

  • The act of plagiarism fits this perfectly as it is an act of deceiving others into believing others' work is yours for your advantage

  • The Church declares this act not only insincere but also an act against justice.

Catholic Views

  • The Catholic Encyclopedia discusses lying

    •  It defines lying as a statement at variance with the mind

Catholic Views

  • Although some ethicists have argued the morality of lying for the greater good, there is no moral defense for lying to others for personal gain

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