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Verbe + Infinitif. Quand et comment on l’utilise . Qu’est-ce qu’une verbe infinitive? What is an infinitive verb ?. An infitive verb is a verb that is not in any tense or «  untouched  ». In English The verb with « to » in front of it To speak , to eat , to listen

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verbe infinitif

Verbe + Infinitif

Quand et comment on l’utilise

qu est ce qu une verbe infinitive what is an infinitive verb
Qu’est-ce qu’une verbe infinitive? Whatis an infinitive verb?
  • An infitiveverbis a verbthatis not in anytense or « untouched ».
  • In English
    • The verbwith « to » in front of it
    • To speak, to eat, to listen
  • En Français
    • The verbwithitscompleteending; in our case an « er » ending
    • Parler, manger, écouter
les verbes en le pr sent
Les verbes en le présent
  • To use a verb in the presenttense, conjugate the verbaccording to the subjectpronounthatisbeingused.
  • The verb in the presenttense and the subjectwillalwaysstaytogether.
    • [subject + verb in presenttense]
    • [ je mange]
    • [ tu parles]
    • [ils organisent]
verbe infinitif1
Verbe + Infinitif
  • To express twoverbstogether, the fistverbwillbeconjugated in the presenttense and the second verbwillalwaysbe in the infinitive (end with er).
    • J’aime danser
    • Je déteste chanter
    • Wecanstudy – Nous pouvons étudier
rappelez vous
Rappelez-vous!
  • If there are twoconsecutiveverbs in a sentence, the first verbwillalwaysbeconjugated (itsendingwill change) and the second verbwillalwaysremain in the infinitive form (itsendingwill not change).
activit
Activité
  • Write 6 two-word sentences
    • Each sentence must have a differentsubjectpronoun
    • Chooseeither « aimer » or « détester » to use in each sentence. Make sure that the verb has the correct verbending.
activit1
Activité
  • For the first sentence, choose a verb to put in the infinitive to complete the sentence.
  • Possible verbs to use:
    • Chanter
    • Danser
    • Organiser
    • Manger
    • Parler
    • Etudier
    • Ecouter
    • Jouer
    • Dessiner (to draw)
    • Dormir (to sleep)
    • Marcher (to walk)
    • Regarder la télé
    • Poser une question
activit2
Activité
  • Stand up and SILENTLY walkaround the room.
  • By using NON-VERBAL communication, find a buddy to complete one of your sentences. Whenyoufind a buddy, switchpaperswiththem. Write the verbyouwrote for your first sentence in one of their sentences and theywill do the same for you.
  • Whenyou have all of your sentences completewith a subject and 2 verbs, take a seat.
la n gation making a sentence negative
La négationMaking a sentence negative
  • To make a sentence negative, put « ne » before the verb and « pas » after the verb.
  • Before a vowel (or h), nebecomesn’

La Formule

ne + verbe + pas

la n gation exemples
La Négation: exemples

positif

négatif

  • Je chante

I amsinging

  • Nous parlons

We are talking

  • Je ne chante pas

I am not singing

  • Nous ne parlons pas

We are not talking

slide11
In the negative, the indefinite articles un, une, and des change to de or d’ if the followingwordbeginswith a vowel.
  • Julie regarde un CD
  • Julie regarde une vidéo
  • Julie regarde des photos
  • Stephan ne regarde pas de CD
  • Stephan ne regarde pas de vidéo
  • Stephan ne regarde pas de photos.
posez une question
Posez une question
  • There are four ways to ask a question
  • Begin the sentence withest-ce que
  • Inversion
  • Intonation
  • End the sentence with n’est-ce pas.
questions est ce que
Questions: est-ce que
  • To ask a question thisway, begin the sentence withest-ce que.
  • The sentence structure remains the same.
  • This is a slightly more formalway to ask a question.
  • que becomesqu’ if the followingwordbeginswith a vowel or h.
  • Ex: Est-ce que tu aimes ce classe?
  • Est-ce qu’ils mangent déjeuner?
  • Est-ce que tu danses?
questions inversion
Questions: Inversion
  • To ask a question thisway, switch the order of the subject and verb and connect the twowith a dash.
  • An extra –t- is added between the verb and the pronoun when the verb ends in an -a or -e
  • Aimes-tu ce classe?
  • Mangent-ils déjeuner?
  • Danses-tu?
  • Parle-t-elle française?
questions intonation
Questions: Intonation
  • To ask a question thisway, raiseyourvoiceat the end of the sentence.
  • The sentence structure willremain the same.
  • Tu aimes ce classe?
  • Ils mangent déjeuner?
  • Tu danses?
questions n est ce pas
Questions: n’est-ce pas
  • To ask a question thisway, end the sentence withn’est-ce pas.
  • The sentence structure willremain the same.
  • This isequivalent to the English isn’tit? or right?
  • Tu aimes ce classe, n’est-ce pas?
  • Ils mangent déjeuner, n’est-ce pas?
  • Tu danses, n’est-ce pas?
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