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Verbe + Infinitif. Quand et comment on l’utilise . Qu’est-ce qu’une verbe infinitive? What is an infinitive verb ?. An infitive verb is a verb that is not in any tense or «  untouched  ». In English The verb with « to » in front of it To speak , to eat , to listen

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Verbe infinitif

Verbe + Infinitif

Quand et comment on l’utilise

Qu est ce qu une verbe infinitive what is an infinitive verb
Qu’est-ce qu’une verbe infinitive? Whatis an infinitive verb?

  • An infitiveverbis a verbthatis not in anytense or « untouched ».

  • In English

    • The verbwith « to » in front of it

    • To speak, to eat, to listen

  • En Français

    • The verbwithitscompleteending; in our case an « er » ending

    • Parler, manger, écouter

Les verbes en le pr sent
Les verbes en le présent

  • To use a verb in the presenttense, conjugate the verbaccording to the subjectpronounthatisbeingused.

  • The verb in the presenttense and the subjectwillalwaysstaytogether.

    • [subject + verb in presenttense]

    • [ je mange]

    • [ tu parles]

    • [ils organisent]

Verbe infinitif1
Verbe + Infinitif

  • To express twoverbstogether, the fistverbwillbeconjugated in the presenttense and the second verbwillalwaysbe in the infinitive (end with er).

    • J’aime danser

    • Je déteste chanter

    • Wecanstudy – Nous pouvons étudier

Rappelez vous

  • If there are twoconsecutiveverbs in a sentence, the first verbwillalwaysbeconjugated (itsendingwill change) and the second verbwillalwaysremain in the infinitive form (itsendingwill not change).


  • Write 6 two-word sentences

    • Each sentence must have a differentsubjectpronoun

    • Chooseeither « aimer » or « détester » to use in each sentence. Make sure that the verb has the correct verbending.


  • For the first sentence, choose a verb to put in the infinitive to complete the sentence.

  • Possible verbs to use:

    • Chanter

    • Danser

    • Organiser

    • Manger

    • Parler

    • Etudier

    • Ecouter

    • Jouer

    • Dessiner (to draw)

    • Dormir (to sleep)

    • Marcher (to walk)

    • Regarder la télé

    • Poser une question


  • Stand up and SILENTLY walkaround the room.

  • By using NON-VERBAL communication, find a buddy to complete one of your sentences. Whenyoufind a buddy, switchpaperswiththem. Write the verbyouwrote for your first sentence in one of their sentences and theywill do the same for you.

  • Whenyou have all of your sentences completewith a subject and 2 verbs, take a seat.

La n gation making a sentence negative
La négationMaking a sentence negative

  • To make a sentence negative, put « ne » before the verb and « pas » after the verb.

  • Before a vowel (or h), nebecomesn’

    La Formule

    ne + verbe + pas

La n gation exemples
La Négation: exemples



  • Je chante

    I amsinging

  • Nous parlons

    We are talking

  • Je ne chante pas

    I am not singing

  • Nous ne parlons pas

    We are not talking

In the negative, the indefinite articles un, une, and des change to de or d’ if the followingwordbeginswith a vowel.

  • Julie regarde un CD

  • Julie regarde une vidéo

  • Julie regarde des photos

  • Stephan ne regarde pas de CD

  • Stephan ne regarde pas de vidéo

  • Stephan ne regarde pas de photos.

Posez une question
Posez une question

  • There are four ways to ask a question

  • Begin the sentence withest-ce que

  • Inversion

  • Intonation

  • End the sentence with n’est-ce pas.

Questions est ce que
Questions: est-ce que

  • To ask a question thisway, begin the sentence withest-ce que.

  • The sentence structure remains the same.

  • This is a slightly more formalway to ask a question.

  • que becomesqu’ if the followingwordbeginswith a vowel or h.

  • Ex: Est-ce que tu aimes ce classe?

  • Est-ce qu’ils mangent déjeuner?

  • Est-ce que tu danses?

Questions inversion
Questions: Inversion

  • To ask a question thisway, switch the order of the subject and verb and connect the twowith a dash.

  • An extra –t- is added between the verb and the pronoun when the verb ends in an -a or -e

  • Aimes-tu ce classe?

  • Mangent-ils déjeuner?

  • Danses-tu?

  • Parle-t-elle française?

Questions intonation
Questions: Intonation

  • To ask a question thisway, raiseyourvoiceat the end of the sentence.

  • The sentence structure willremain the same.

  • Tu aimes ce classe?

  • Ils mangent déjeuner?

  • Tu danses?

Questions n est ce pas
Questions: n’est-ce pas

  • To ask a question thisway, end the sentence withn’est-ce pas.

  • The sentence structure willremain the same.

  • This isequivalent to the English isn’tit? or right?

  • Tu aimes ce classe, n’est-ce pas?

  • Ils mangent déjeuner, n’est-ce pas?

  • Tu danses, n’est-ce pas?