Sven hultman
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Sven Hultman. Legal Adviser at the Swedish Road Administration Member of the European Driving Licence Committee Road Safety Consultant in Costa Rica and Morocco. Sweden - The country of Abba, Absolut Vodka, Saab, and Volvo. 200 years of peace 9 million inhabitants 6 million driving licenses

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Sven Hultman

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Sven Hultman

Legal Adviser at the Swedish Road Administration

Member of the European Driving Licence Committee

Road Safety Consultant in Costa Rica and Morocco

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


Sweden -The country of Abba, Absolut Vodka, Saab, and Volvo

  • 200 years of peace

  • 9 million inhabitants

  • 6 million driving licenses

  • 6 – 7 million registered motor vehicles

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


Long tradition of alcohol restrictions

  • State monopoly for the sale of all beverages with more than 3.5 % alcohol

  • Drinks expensive due to high taxation

  • DWI limit is BAC>0.02 %

  • Driving licence revocation if violated

  • Zero tolerance for DUI of illegal drugs and narcotics

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


1997 The Vision Zero

  • Nobody should get killed or seriously wounded in road traffic

  • Shared responsibility between Man, Road, and Vehicle

  • Reduction of fatalities from 540 to 440

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


Driving Licence Law 1998

Revocation grounds

  • DWI

  • Running away from an accident

  • Repeated minor traffic offences

  • Speeding or other serious traffic offence

  • Non-reliability regarding sobriety

  • Gross criminality

  • Medical reasons

  • Refusal to supply a requested doctor’s certificate

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


How does the relevant information reach the driving licence authorities?

  • Police

  • Criminal courts

  • Medical doctors

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


Entry of alcolocks in Sweden

The first trial period 1999 – 2004

  • Limited to three counties

  • Limited to one private car for each participant

  • No trucks, buses or public transports allowed

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


Entry of alcolocks in Sweden

The second trial period 2004 – 2009

The whole country involved

  • Possibility for the participant to use more than one vehicle with alcolock

  • Buses and trucks, including public transports, allowed

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


Entry of alcolocks in Sweden

Rules common for the whole trial period

* All DWI offenders welcome except drug abusers

* Approval of an application breaks off the DL ban period

* Participation period is two years

* Medical check-ups with bio-marker tests every third month

* Normal bio-marker levels showing a sober living should be presented during the second year

* Repeated breath tests indicating alcohol are not accepted

* No driving outside Sweden

* New full licence with the former categories after completion of the programme

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


Entry of alcolocks in Sweden

Experience so far

  • Success for those who manage to finish the programme

  • Only 11 – 13 % of the target group apply

  • The costs (4,000 USD per year) an excluding factor (but also a motivating factor for those who decide to invest in the programme)

  • 40 – 50 % drop out due to the strict requirements

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


Government Investigation 2004-2006

Some proposals in the study

  • Legislation needed regarding function, testing and control of alcolock devices

  • Alcolock recommendad as a tool for improved working environment and for rehabilitation

  • It should not be possible for a DWI offender to regain a DL without using an alcolock

  • All motor vehicles used by the public administration should be equipped with alcolocks

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


Government Investigation 2004-2006

Considerations in the report

  • Strong connection between total alcohol consumption in society and DWI

  • Even very small concentrations of BAC among drivers indicate alcohol problems

  • Alcolock in all vehicles would be a useful tool to reduce the increasing alcohol consumption and to reduce the fatalities in road accidents (estimated reduction 25 %)

  • A majority in the Swedish Parliament in favour of mandatory alcolocks in all new cars in the future

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


Government strategy 2007

  • Independent evaluation of the offender programme

  • Alcolock in all new buses from 2010

  • Alcolock in all new trucks as soon as possible

  • Gradual introduction of alcolocks in all public transports

  • Continue to stimulate further introduction of alcolocks as a guarantee of quality among enterprises

  • Alcolock in all new cars when user-friendly devices are available on the market

  • Development of the technology – accredited body should perform testing and control

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


Crime Prevention

  • Less focus on alcolock as a punishment tool

  • Strengthen the picture of alcolock as a tool for safe transports for everybody

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


Possible permanent solutions after the trial

  • Develop new permanent programmes for both offenders and not-yet offenders (drivers with alcohol problems)

  • Keep the strict requirements for completion of the programme but stop using them as an excluding factor

  • Extend the participation time for those who fail until they can show sober living during one year

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


Final conclusion:

Is alcolock in all vehicles an utopia?

I don’t think so.

Thanks for your attention!

8th Ignition Interlock Symposium - Seattle, WA - August, 2007


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