Fire and emergency services company officer lesson 10
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Fire and Emergency Services Company Officer — Lesson 10. Fire and Emergency Services Company Officer, 4 th Edition Chapter 10 — Safety and Health Issues. Learning Objectives. Identify facts about emergency scene casualties and nonemergency workplace casualties.

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Fire and Emergency Services Company Officer — Lesson 10

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Fire and emergency services company officer lesson 10

Fire and Emergency Services Company Officer — Lesson 10

Fire and Emergency Services Company Officer, 4th Edition

Chapter 10 — Safety and Health Issues


Learning objectives

Learning Objectives

  • Identify facts about emergency scene casualties and nonemergency workplace casualties.

  • Identify facts about safety initiatives and resources that focus on ensuring a safe work environment.

  • Identify the importance of physical fitness and wellness.

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Learning objectives1

Learning Objectives

  • Recall various safety policies and procedures.

  • Distinguish among activities to ensure a safe work environment at the emergency scene, en route to and from the emergency scene, and at facilities.

  • Select facts about information included in a safety and health program.

  • Given safety scenarios, identify hazards.

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Learning objectives2

Learning Objectives

8.Select facts about maintaining an effective infectious disease control program.

9.Recall information about conducting accident investigations.

10.Complete an initial accident investigation.

11.Identify facts about collecting data and completing accident report forms.

12.Select facts about investigating injuries, illnesses, and exposures

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Emergency scene casualties

Emergency Scene Casualties

  • Approximately 88,000 per year

  • Common firefighter injuries

  • Common emergency medical services injuries

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Firefighter fatalities

Firefighter Fatalities

  • Average of 117 per year

  • Leading causes

  • Emergency responses result in only 3%.

  • EMS operations fatalities

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Nonemergency workplace casualties

Nonemergency Workplace Casualties

  • Any injuries or fatalities that occur while performing:

    • Administrative duties

    • Training

    • Code enforcements and inspections

    • Maintenance

    • Other nonincident-related situations

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Nonemergency workplace casualties1

Nonemergency Workplace Casualties

  • Training-related injuries

  • Training related fatalities

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Everyone goes home initiative

Everyone Goes Home Initiative

  • Strategic initiative resulting from the March 2004 summit hosted by National Fallen Firefighters Foundation, in cooperation with United States Fire Administration

  • Goals

    • Reduce fatalities by 25% over next 5 years

    • Reduce fatalities by 50% over next 10 years

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Objectives of the everyone goes home initiative

Objectives of the Everyone Goes Home Initiative

  • Define and advocate the need for cultural change within the fire service relating to safety, incorporating leadership, management, supervision, accountability, and personal responsibility.

  • Enhance the personal and organizational accountability for safety and health throughout the fire service.

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Objectives of the everyone goes home initiative1

Objectives of the Everyone Goes Home Initiative

  • Focus greater attention on the integration of risk management with incident management at all levels, including strategic, tactical, and planning responsibilities.

  • Empower all firefighters to stop unsafe practices.

  • Develop and implement national standards for training, qualifications, and certification equally applicable to all firefighters based on the duties they are expected to perform.

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Objectives of the everyone goes home initiative2

Objectives of the Everyone Goes Home Initiative

  • Develop and implement national medical and physical fitness standards that are equally applicable to all firefighters, based on the duties they are expected to perform.

  • Create a national research agenda and data-collection system that relates to the initiatives.

  • Utilize available technology wherever it can produce higher levels of safety and health.

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Objectives of the everyone goes home initiative3

Objectives of the Everyone Goes Home Initiative

  • Thoroughly investigate all firefighter fatalities, injuries, and near misses.

  • Ensure grant programs support safe practices and/or mandate safe practices as an eligibility requirement.

  • Develop and champion national standards for emergency response policies and procedures.

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Objectives of the everyone goes home initiative4

Objectives of the Everyone Goes Home Initiative

  • Develop and champion national protocols for response to violent incidents.

  • Ensure firefighters and families have access to counseling and psychological support.

  • Ensure that public education receives more resources and is championed as a critical fire and life safety program.

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Objectives of the everyone goes home initiative5

Objectives of the Everyone Goes Home Initiative

  • Strengthen advocacy for enforcement of codes and installation of home sprinklers.

  • Ensure that safety is a primary consideration in the design of apparatus and equipment.

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Firefighter close calls

Firefighter Close Calls

  • A close call is any event that came close to resulting in an injury or fatality.

  • Web sites

    • FirefighterCloseCalls.com

    • EMSCloseCalls.com

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Firefighter safety stand down

Firefighter Safety Stand Down

  • Sponsored by International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC) and International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF)

  • Departments eliminate nonemergency functions and focus on safety issues

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Firefighter safety stand down1

Firefighter Safety Stand Down

  • Regular company-level safety training

    • Set time every work shift

    • Entire work shift every month

    • Company officer is responsible for providing safety instruction and training.

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Safety standards

Safety Standards

  • NFPA 1500

  • NFPA 1561

  • NFPA 1581

  • NFPA 1983

  • NFPA 1852

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Local safety policies and procedures

Local Safety Policiesand Procedures

  • Training sessions should be held periodically.

  • Practical training evolutions and company level training should follow all appropriate safety policies.

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Safety and health program

Safety and Health Program

  • Accident, injury, and illness prevention

  • Medical infection or exposure control

  • Physical fitness and wellness

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Basic workplace safety

Basic Workplace Safety

  • Organizational goal attained through:

    • Training

    • Policies and procedures

    • Maintenance of facilities and equipment

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Basic workplace safety1

Basic Workplace Safety

  • Company officer’s responsibilities

    • Implement training requirements, policies, and procedures

    • Report needed maintenance or replacement of unsafe equipment

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Emergency scene safety

Emergency Scene Safety

  • Address primary cause of fatalities through education, fitness, and wellness.

    • Nutrition

    • Weight control

    • Physical fitness

    • Tobacco use

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Emergency scene safety1

Emergency Scene Safety

  • During emergency incident:

    • Monitor subordinates for physical stress.

    • Remove overexerted personnel from operation and place in rehabilitation area.

    • Ensure that all personnel properly and safely use:

      • Personal protective equipment

      • Respiratory equipment

      • Tools

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Emergency scene safety2

Emergency Scene Safety

  • Operational procedures

    • Lockout/tagout procedures

    • Two unit members or mechanical devices to lift objects or victims over a predetermined weight

    • Appropriate protective clothing

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Emergency scene safety3

Emergency Scene Safety

  • Operational procedures

    • Heavy items mounted in lower compartments on apparatus

    • Respiratory protection program

    • Two in/two out program

    • Establishment of an initial rapid intervention crew or team

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Emergency scene safety4

Emergency Scene Safety

  • Operational procedures

    • Activation of personal alert safety system (PASS) devices

    • Breathing air conservation procedures

    • Establishment of a personnel accountability system

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Safety en route to and from scene

Safety En Route to and from Scene

  • Apparatus and vehicle accidents

    • Safe apparatus design and maintenance

    • Proper driver/operator training and certification

    • Privately owned vehicles

    • Cultural changes in responders

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Safety at facilities

Safety at Facilities

  • Proper maintenance

  • Safety procedures

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Information included in a safety and health program

Information Included in a Safety and Health Program

  • Reporting injuries, including location of first-aid facilities

  • Reporting unsafe conditions and practices

  • Proper care, use, selection, and maintenance of personal protective equipment (PPE)

  • Proper actions in the event of emergencies, including exit routes during emergencies

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Information included in a safety and health program1

Information Included in a Safety and Health Program

  • Identifying hazardous gases, chemicals, or materials and their safe use and emergency action following accidental exposure

  • Description of the organization’s entire safety and health program (including its various components)

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Information included in a safety and health program2

Information Included in a Safety and Health Program

  • On-the-job review of the practices necessary to perform initial job assignments in a safe manner

  • Procedures to follow when exposed to bloodborne pathogens

  • Proper procedures for lifting and back care

  • Proper handling and use of power tools

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Information included in a safety and health program3

Information Included in a Safety and Health Program

  • Rules and regulations regarding the use of vehicles in both emergency and nonemergency situations

  • Approved safety procedures for incidents involving trenching/shoring and confined-space rescues

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Information included in a safety and health program4

Information Included in a Safety and Health Program

  • Safety procedures designed to provide fall protection

  • Types of respiratory equipment and their use

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Infectious disease control program requirements

Infectious Disease Control Program Requirements

  • Must meet the NFPA 1581

  • Developed and managed by designated infection control officer

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Infectious disease control program requirements1

Infectious Disease Control Program Requirements

  • Education and training requirements

  • Vaccination and inoculation requirements

  • Documentation and record-keeping requirements

  • Cleaning, decontamination, and disinfection of personnel and equipment

  • Exposure control and reporting protocols

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Infectious disease control program requirements2

Infectious Disease Control Program Requirements

  • Record-keeping

    • Exposure reports

      • Maintained 30 years following termination or retirement

      • Confidential

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Infectious disease control program requirements3

Infectious Disease Control Program Requirements

  • Record-keeping

    • Training that involves:

      • PPE

      • Exposure protection

      • Postexposure protocols

      • Disease modes of transmission

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Investigation policies

Investigation Policies

  • Primary purposes

    • Reduce potential for accidents

    • Reduce severity of accidents

  • Investigations must address root cause (basic reason) for accident

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Investigation policies1

Investigation Policies

  • Policy functions

  • Investigative authority

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Accident investigations

Accident Investigations

  • Approach should be:

    • Objective

    • Impartial

    • Fact-finding, not fault-finding

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Accident investigations1

Accident Investigations

  • Identify and document

    • Behavior or condition that caused an accident (root cause)

    • Previously unrecognized hazards

    • Apparatus/equipment defects or design flaws

    • Additional training needs

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Accident investigations2

Accident Investigations

  • Identify and document

    • Improvements needed in safety policies and procedures

    • Facts that could have a legal impact on an accident case

    • Historical trends

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Human factors

Human Factors

  • Improper attitude

  • Lack of knowledge or skill

  • Physical unsuitability

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Accident scene control

Accident Scene Control

  • Serious injuries: Stabilize victim and transport.

  • Minor injuries: Treat at scene.

  • Secure scene.

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Accident scene control1

Accident Scene Control

  • Anything involved in incident is evidence for:

    • Reconstructing the accident and preventing similar accidents

    • Supporting potential legal cases

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Accurate data collection

Accurate Data Collection

  • Forms

  • General information

  • Employee characteristics (participant)

  • Environmental information

  • Apparatus/equipment information

  • Narrative report

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Injuries and illnesses

Injuries and Illnesses

  • First ensure prompt medical treatment.

  • Investigations typically follow same procedure as accident investigations.

  • Job-related illnesses may require additional time and resources.

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Exposure investigations

Exposure Investigations

  • Accurate and thorough documentation is key

  • Investigations should occur immediately after any incident involving a known exposure.

  • Long-range investigations may occur at some point in the future when symptoms of exposure appear sometime in future following exposure in the individual.

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Summary

Summary

  • An efficient and effective fire and emergency service organization depends on a safe, healthy, physically fit, and emotionally stable membership.

  • The company officer must ensure a safe working environment though training, education, equipment, policies, procedures, leadership, and supervision.

(Continued)

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


Summary1

Summary

  • A safe environment is accomplished through the development and implementation of a comprehensive safety and health program.

  • The organization must also make physical fitness a reality through the implementation of a holistic employee physical fitness and wellness program.

  • Company officers must make safety and health their primary concerns for their subordinates.

Fire and Emergency Services

Company Officer


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