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Hans Jørgen Limborg, [email protected] Sisse Grøn, [email protected] Nordic Work Life Conference 2014 Göteborg. Networking among small and medium-sized enterprises to promote health and safety. W hat are the lessons to learn?.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Hans Jørgen Limborg, [email protected]

Sisse Grøn, [email protected]

Nordic Work Life Conference 2014

Göteborg

  • Networking among small and medium-sized enterprises to promote health and safety
  • What are the lessons to learn?
background of the project current research on sme s and ohs
Background of theprojectCURRENT RESEARCH ON SME’S AND OHS
  • Reasonable knowledge about regulation – but difficulties to meet demands for formalised OHS practise(Hasle et al 2004, Forteyn et al 97)
  • They have few ressources but responses to external pressure (Champoux & Brun 2003, Hasle & Limborg 2006)
  • Questions of OHS are approached with the same informal approach as the task of management (Walters 2001, Axelsson 2002)
  • Local and sectorial networks are important to them (Birgersdottir 2002, Johansson 98, Limborg & Mathiessen 2010)
the p the project roject idea data and methodology
The pThe projectroject - idea, data and methodology

Three networks; a group of small diaries (21)andmicrobreweries (26) received funding for development projects aimed to reduce MSD + a group of demolishers

Our hypothesis is that SME’s are influenced stronger by their networks than other external actors, but we need to identify the mechanisms the ‘drive’ the process

Data: Interviews with key persons, documents, company visits and projectevaluations.

the objectives of the project and the paper
The OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT AND THE PAPER

To provide knowledge on how networks among SME’s can be a catalyst for general policy instruments aiming to improve OHS

To pinpoint effective network mechanisms

slide5

Networking and Mechanisms

  • Critical realism
    • Combines a realist ontology with a constructuvistepistemiology (Maxwell)
    • ‘…I assumethat the real world is out there – but thatourrepresentations of thatworldareconstructions’ (Fredrik Barth)
  • Analysis: Bygstad & Munkvolds framework for identifyingcausalstructures (IT)
    • Mechanism: a causalstructurethatexplains a phenomenon
slide6

The dairies case

  • 21 small dairies
  • Applied for fundingjointly
  • Project to developtechnical aids
  • Aided by private consultant
  • Cases and controlsopenlyselected
  • One major competitor
  • Pressure from laborinspection
  • Pioneer figure
  • Agreement on power relations
  • Openess pact
  • Outcome:
    • Prize
    • Technical aids developed and implemented in case dairies
    • Somedissermination of ideas

Billede fra: http://www.st-clemens.dk/

slide7

The breweries case

  • 25 small breweries
  • Applied for a similarproject
  • Case breweriesselected themselves…
  • Aided by a consultant
  • One major competitor
  • Entrepreneurs
  • Driven by enthusiasm
  • Outcome:
    • Equipmentimplemented in
    • controlbreweries
    • A booklet
slide8

The demolishers case

  • 25 enterprises in the group
  • Need to become a profession
  • Decision to provide vocational

training

  • Aided by a consultant
  • Need to distinguishbetween

top and bottom

  • Pioneer
  • Outcome:
    • Wellfunctioningtraining
    • Knowledge sharing on employeeslevel
    • Stratification

Billede fra http://www.brandis.dk/billeder

slide9

Key components

  • Need for distinktion
  • External pressure
  • Funding
  • Professional support
  • Pioneer figure (s)
  • Assymtry
program theory theory of both prevention projects
Program theorytheory of both prevention projects

Skilledconsul-tants

The network as context: Open culture and tradition for cooperation, organised meeting opportunity , limited resources, a “we” in opposition to the large company, focus on quality

External mechanism

Funding (Preven-tion Fund)

The network

implementation
Implementation

Labour Ínspection

Prevention fund

Skilledadvisors

Policy instruments:

Externalmechanisms:

  • Knowledge
  • Proces
  • Develop-ment

Funding

Control and possibleenforce-ment

The network context: Open culture and tradition for cooperation, organised meeting opportunity , limited resources, a “we” in opposition to the large company, focus on quality

Prevention project

The network

slide12

Secondarycontext: Labour inspection, unions and society

Primarycontext: The network

MECHANISMS

  • Mechanism 4:
  • Curiosity from peers
  • Accessibility to experiences – “Pact on openness”
  • Willingness to share

2020- actionplanreduction of MSD

  • Mechanism 2:
  • “Handshake” - trust among network participants
  • Skillful Consultant – able to push
  • Fewer notes from L.I.
  • Price for bestproject 2011
  • New generally accepted standard
  • Reducednumber of heavy lifts
  • Reducedsickleave

Committee

”Firebrand”

Safety commitee

National regulation

Labour inspection

  • Development of prototypes
  • Real time testing
  • Implementation of aids
  • Utilisation
  • ”Open house” dissemination of experience
  • Projectorganisation
  • Mapping of exposure
  • Catalogue of good ideas
  • Financial support from Prevention Fund

Test companies

Followers,

Supplyer

Outcome

Mechanism 3:

Development and testning in real life

Workers participation

Good relation to supplyer

Mechanism1: External support to project & presure from L.I.

Mechanism5:

Sustainability

Internalcontext: History, knowledge and experiencerelated to OHS

slide14

Discussion

  • Power relations
  • Pioneers, but with whatmandate?
  • The limitations of causality
  • The limitations of measurableoutcome
  • Research in lessthanperfectcircumstances
slide15

Trust in networks

Thankyou for listening

hjl[email protected]

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