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How a Bill Becomes a Law. Ideas for new bills come from: Private citizens Interest groups Congressman President Must be Sponsored Cosponsors show wide support Only a member of Congress can introduce a bill In the House : a member drops it into the hopper

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Ideas for new bills come from:
      • Private citizens
      • Interest groups
      • Congressman
      • President
  • Must be Sponsored
      • Cosponsors show wide support
      • Only a member of Congress can introduce a bill
    • In the House: a member drops it into the hopper
    • In the Senate: the presiding officer calls on a Senator who presents the bill
slide3
House or Senate Introduction
    • Printed and distributed to lawmakers
    • Given Title and number (H.R. 2, or S.1) according to which house it belongs in.
  • New bills are sent to committees based on subject
      • May be sent to subcommittee

1. Can ignored and let it die – Pigeonholing

2. Kill bill by majority vote

      • Committee can recommend:
        • Bill be introduced to the whole house
        • Make changes
        • Rewrite bill before sending it back
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H.R. 3660

  • Public
  • to provide field trips for all 10th grade government students.
  • In the Upper Darby High School
  • November 14th, 2013
  • MS. Antonini, Dom, Anyea, Grace, Julian,, introduced the following bill;
  • A BILL
  • to provide field trips for all 10th grade government students
  • Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, To provide the opportunity for all 10th grade students to enjoy a field trip to Philadelphia or Washington D.C. All students have the option to vote on either city and attend thus field trip once a year.
committee hearings
Committee Hearings
  • Committee (or subcommittee) hold hearings
      • Listen to testimony from people who have interests in the bill
        • Experts on the subject
        • Government officials
        • Interest groups
        • Concerned people
      • After hearings, Committee makes changes to bill (section by section) to make bill acceptable
      • Majority vote is required for all changes
      • After changes, committee votes either to kill the bill or report it
floor action
Floor Action
  • Debated on the floor, amended if necessary
    • Major changes or typographical errors are debated
  • Voting on a Bill follows the debate.
    • Quorum is needed
    • Bill must receive a majority in order to pass
    • House Voting (3 Ways)
      • Voice Vote (“Aye” or “No”)
      • Standing Vote
        • In favor – stand and counted
        • Opposed – stand and counted
      • Electronic Vote
    • Senate Voting (3 Ways)
      • Voice Vote, Standing Vote
      • Roll-call
        • Names are called alphabetically and respond “Aye” or “No”
final steps
Final Steps
  • Sent to the other house of Congress
  • Must pass BOTH houses in identical form
    • If different versions appear a conference committee occurs
      • Senators and Representatives iron out differences between the versions

Approved Bill Sent to President

    • The President may:
      • Sign the bill into LAW or it becomes law after 10 days without signature
      • Veto the bill and send it back to Congress
        • If the bill gets 2/3 vote in Congress, it passes over the president’s veto (Congressional Override)
      • Kill bill passed during last 10 days Congress is in session
        • Pocket Veto
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