How a bill becomes a law
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How a Bill Becomes a Law. Ideas for new bills come from: Private citizens Interest groups Congressman President Must be Sponsored Cosponsors show wide support Only a member of Congress can introduce a bill In the House : a member drops it into the hopper

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How a Bill Becomes a Law

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How a bill becomes a law

How a Bill Becomes a Law


How a bill becomes a law

  • Ideas for new bills come from:

    • Private citizens

    • Interest groups

    • Congressman

    • President

  • Must be Sponsored

    • Cosponsors show wide support

    • Only a member of Congress can introduce a bill

  • In the House: a member drops it into the hopper

  • In the Senate: the presiding officer calls on a Senator who presents the bill


  • How a bill becomes a law

    • House or Senate Introduction

      • Printed and distributed to lawmakers

      • Given Title and number (H.R. 2, or S.1) according to which house it belongs in.

    • New bills are sent to committees based on subject

      • May be sent to subcommittee

        1. Can ignored and let it die – Pigeonholing

        2. Kill bill by majority vote

      • Committee can recommend:

        • Bill be introduced to the whole house

        • Make changes

        • Rewrite bill before sending it back


    How a bill becomes a law

    • H.R. 3660

    • Public

    • to provide field trips for all 10th grade government students.

    • In the Upper Darby High School

    • November 14th, 2013

    • MS. Antonini, Dom, Anyea, Grace, Julian,, introduced the following bill;

    • A BILL

    • to provide field trips for all 10th grade government students

    • Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, To provide the opportunity for all 10th grade students to enjoy a field trip to Philadelphia or Washington D.C. All students have the option to vote on either city and attend thus field trip once a year.


    Committee hearings

    Committee Hearings

    • Committee (or subcommittee) hold hearings

      • Listen to testimony from people who have interests in the bill

        • Experts on the subject

        • Government officials

        • Interest groups

        • Concerned people

      • After hearings, Committee makes changes to bill (section by section) to make bill acceptable

      • Majority vote is required for all changes

      • After changes, committee votes either to kill the bill or report it


    Floor action

    Floor Action

    • Debated on the floor, amended if necessary

      • Major changes or typographical errors are debated

    • Voting on a Bill follows the debate.

      • Quorum is needed

      • Bill must receive a majority in order to pass

      • House Voting (3 Ways)

        • Voice Vote (“Aye” or “No”)

        • Standing Vote

          • In favor – stand and counted

          • Opposed – stand and counted

        • Electronic Vote

      • Senate Voting (3 Ways)

        • Voice Vote, Standing Vote

        • Roll-call

          • Names are called alphabetically and respond “Aye” or “No”


    Final steps

    Final Steps

    • Sent to the other house of Congress

    • Must pass BOTH houses in identical form

      • If different versions appear a conference committee occurs

        • Senators and Representatives iron out differences between the versions

          Approved Bill Sent to President

      • The President may:

        • Sign the bill into LAW or it becomes law after 10 days without signature

        • Veto the bill and send it back to Congress

          • If the bill gets 2/3 vote in Congress, it passes over the president’s veto (Congressional Override)

        • Kill bill passed during last 10 days Congress is in session

          • Pocket Veto


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