THE IDEAL OF INTELLECTUAL INTEGRITY. Susan Haack. focus here is on intellectual integrity -- vital to the life of the mind .
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THE IDEAL OF INTELLECTUAL INTEGRITY
focus here is on intellectual integrity -- vital to the life of the mind
“We presume, on the part of those who follow any scientific [intellectual] vocation, a sort of tacit oath never to subordinate the motive of objective truth-seeking to any subjective preference or inclination or any expediency or opportunistic consideration” -- C. I. Lewis
… it is [the] business [of education] to cultivate deep-seated and effective habits of discriminating tested beliefs from mere assertions, guesses, and opinions; to develop a lively, sincere, and open-minded preference for conclusions that are properly grounded … -- John Dewey
from the perspective of an individual
where it has to do with respect for evidence
and avoiding self-deception
from a social perspective
where it has to do with what environments encourage, and what discourage, such respect
… intellectual integrity has been has been explored by novelists such as Samuel Butler
… who paints a fine picture of hypocrisy and self-deception in his semi-autobiographical Bildungsroman,The Way of All Flesh (1903)
and by thinkers like physicist Percy Bridgman
who in 1933 wrote of “the struggle for intellectual integrity,” and the role of scientists in that struggle … noting that “animals and morons” do not respond to this ideal
but self-deception is a puzzling phenomenon … how do we do it?
Darwin kept a special notebook for things he couldn’t explain – because otherwise he was bound to forget them!
“Valuing knowledge, we say, ‘everyone must produce written research in order to live, and this shall be deemed a knowledge explosion’” --- Jacques Barzun
… a pre-posterous idea!
among the consequences …
Oswald Avery, who published nothing for 10 years before he made his breakthrough on DNA, would never survive today!
thank you for your attention
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