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She is a _ _ _ _ - _ _ _ _ _. Lazy-bones. File 1 B. She´s the teacher´s pet. A lazy-bones. He´s a bit of a big -head. She´s the top of the class. He´s a real Know-all. VOCABULARY 2: DESCRIBING CHARACTER. Vain Conscientious open.- minded insincere Eccentric Calm

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File 1 b

Sheis a

_ _ _ _ - _ _ _ _ _

Lazy-bones

File 1 B

She´stheteacher´spet

A lazy-bones

He´s a bit of a big-head

She´sthe top of theclass

He´s a real Know-all


File 1 b

VOCABULARY 2: DESCRIBING CHARACTER

Vain

Conscientious

open.-minded

insincere

Eccentric

Calm

Well-balanced

Stubborn

assertive

Cheerful

Self-confident

insecure

Ambitious

Loyal

Wise

Easy-going

Possessive

Reserved

Immature

Impulsive

Bad-tempered

Arrogant

Optimistic

funny


File 1 b

Translate

  • Andrés is a perfectionist who hates

  • leaving things unfinished, being

  • under pressure and who tends to

  • over-prepare. However, Silvia is

  • disorgnized and forgetful. She always

  • put things off until the last minute.

  • If Juan has to assemble an item of

  • furniture, he checks he´s got all items

  • and tools and reads all the

  • instructions and follow them to the

  • letter. Víctor reads through them and

  • starts assembling straight away and

  • he checks the instructions only if he gets stuck.

  • When Silvia goes on holiday, she plans every detail and plans a rough itinerary.

  • Julián is quite different, he books the

  • holiday at the last minute and plans hardly

  • anything and he doesn ´t make decisions until he gets there

  • Andrés es un perfeccionista que odia dejar las cosas a medias, estar bajo presión y que tiende a prepararse en exceso. Sin embargo, Silvia es desorganizada y olvidadiza. Deja todo para el final. 

  • - Si Juan tiene que montar un mueble comprueba que tiene todos los elementos y las herramientas y se lee las instrucciones al pie de la letra. Víctor se las lee por encima y empieza a montarla de iso facto y comprueba las instrucciones si que queda bloqueado.

  • - Cuando Silvia se va de vacaciones lo planea con todos los detalles y hace un itinerario de andar por casa. Julián no es así, reserva a ultima hora y apenas prepara nada y no comienza a tomar decisiones hasta que llega allí


File 1 b

  • - Si alguien pregunta una dirección a Granel, le da una dirección aproximada pero Jaime le dibujaría un mapa con diversos detalles

  • - Cuando Lorena vade compras siempre va los mismos pasillos comprobando precios y comparando productos pero Macarena coge lo primero que le gusta.

  • - Si empieza una discusión entre amigos, Eva se enfrenta al problema y dice lo que piensa pero intenta contentar a todos y no herir a nadie.

  • - Si tienes que tomar una decisión Elena hace una lista de los pros y los contras pero Rubén decide simplemente por intuición o lo que le sale

  • If someone asked Granel for a direction,

  • he would give a rough direction but

  • Jaime would draw a map with lots of details

  • When Lorena goes shopping, she goes

  • down the same aisles checking prices

  • and and comparing products but

  • Macarena gets whatever catches her eye

  • If an argument starts when you´re with

  • friends, Eva faces the problem head on

  • and says what she thinks but she tries

  • to keep everyone happy and tries to avoid hurting people

  • If you have to make a decision, Elena

  • makes a list of the pros and cons but

  • Rubén just goes with his gut feeling


File 1 b

  • - Si un amigo sale con una chica y te pregunta si te gusta y a ti no te gusta Juan le miente piadosamente pero Irene lo haría con tacto pero seria sincera. Ángela no evitaría decir lo que piensa.

  • - Si estas entre amigos Jorge no dice apenas nada y Beatriz es quien lo dice casi todo

  • - Si te suena el móvil cuando estás haciendo algo, Yolanda no le hace caso y continua con lo que esta haciendo, Avalos lo contesta pero dice que luego llama, Ignacio lo coge pero se asegura de terminar rápido y Manu disfruta de una larga conversación

  • If a friend starts going out with a girl

  • and he asks you for your opinion an

  • you didn ´t like her, Juan will tell him

  • a white lie but Irene will be as tactful

  • as possible but she would be honest.

  • Angela wouldn ´t avoid speaking her mind

  • If you are with friends, Jorge hardly says anything but

  • Beatriz is the one who would do nearly all the talking

  • If your mobile phone starts ringing in the middle of something,

  • Yolanda ignores itnad carries on what she´s doing,

  • Ávalos answers it but he says he will call back ,

  • Ignacio has the conversation but he makes sure he keeps it short

  • and Manu enjoys a long conversation


File 1 b

  • He leaves or P ____ o ___ everything for _____________

  • He hates b _______ under p _______

  • She tends to o _________

  • She is d ________ (= untidy) and f ____________ (a scatterbrain)

  • If he has to a ____________ an i _______ of furniture

  • He reads the instructions to _________________

  • He would do it S ________ a _______ (=iso facto)

  • He´ll read the instructions only if he gets s ______

  • She a ______ (=plans) a r _______ (= aproximate) route

  • He b _____ (=reserve) ist and then he M ________ decisions

  • She goes down the same a ______ in the supermartket

  • She G _____ (=buy) what it C _____ her e ____

  • When there is an a _________ (=a row)

  • He decides what it goes _________________ (= lo 1º que le sale)

  • He always tells W ______ L _____ to me

  • He h ______ says anything but she d ___________________

  • When a phone rings he I ________ it

  • He would anwer but he´d k _______ the conversation S ______

Puts off

The last minute

being

pressure

overprepare

disorganised

forgetful

assemble

item

To the letter

Straight away

stuck

Puts off

rough

books

makes

aisles

gets

Catches her eye

argument

With his gut feeling

White lies

hardly

Does all the talking

ignores

keeps

short


File 1 b

Thefamily

  • Yourbrother´sdaughter

  • Yourbother´s son

  • Yourbrother´swife

  • Yourfather´sgrandmother

  • Yourgrandson´sdaughter

  • Your son ´s daughter

  • Yourdad´ssecondwife

  • Yourdad´ssecondwife´s son

  • Yourwife´sfather

What´sthedifference and …?

1.Take after/ look like / look alike

2.A distantor c _____ relative

3. Children =s _______

4. Educated = B ______ U ___

5. Grow up / grow

6. Ancestors and D _______

7. Monoparental = _______________

8. Muchos crecen sin la figura paterna

Translateinto English

1.No nos hablamos.

2.Andrés es la oveja negra de la familia

3. Tenemos una reunión familiar el sábado

4. Alguna familia tiene un pasado oscuro

5. ¿Cómo puedes decir eso de alguien de tu propia sangre?

6. Ella es la que lleva los pantalones

7. ¿Cómo te llevas con tu familia política?

8. ¿Hay alguien con quien no te lleves?

9. Nosotros no nos podemos de acuerdo en lo de la herencia


File 1 b

THE VERB TO HAVE

AS A LEXICAL VERB:

I have a car/ I don´thave a car

I havegot a car / I haven ´t got a car

AS A MAIN VERB:

Havebreakfast/ have a shower/ a date/ anappointment/ a go/ a look /anaffair/ Can I have a coffee?

AS AN AUXILIARY VERB: (HEPLS TO MAKE THE PERFECT FORMS)

I have SPOKEN

I have BEEN SPEAKING

AS A MODAL VERB:

HAVE TO/DON´T HAVE TO/DO YOU HAVE TO

CAUSATIVE HAVE: (me he cortado el pelo)

I´ve HAD myhair CUT


File 1 b

Grammar: Have

  • - Tengohambre y sed

  • - Tengo razón tú no

  • Tengo frío

  • - Tengo catarro / gripe

  • No hace sol hoy

  • - Hubo / había

  • Habrá

  • - Debería haber un …

  • Puede que haya …

  • - Habría un …

  • Hace bueno hoy

  • - Me he cortado el pelo

  • ¿Cuento tiempo llevas aquí?

  • - Puedo echar un vistazo?

  • ¿Cuánto hace que conoces a Marta?

  • No he terminado todavía

  • - ¿Me puedes traer una cerveza?

  • - Es la mejor cocinera que he conocido

  • Me están pintando la casa

  • -Tengo miedo de …

  • ¿Ya has hecho la compra?

  • - Tengo prisa


File 1 b

THE ENGLISH VERB

Auxiliaryverbs: BE, HAVE and DO

Lexical verbs: therest of them

Modal Verbs: CAN, COULD, MAY, WILL, …

Helpstomakethecontinuousforms

Theyconveydifferentmeanings: CAN – ability, MAY – possibility …

BE

Therest of them: go, work, play, …

HAVE

Helpstomaketheperfectforms

  • They are special:

  • They don ´t take –s in the 3rd person

  • -theydon´thaveinfinitive, gerungorpastparticiple

  • They are alwaysfollowedby a bareinfinitive

  • - They don ´t take do tomaketheirnegativeorinterrogativesentences

Helpstomakenegative and interrogativesentences

DO


File 1 b

VERBAL TENSES

THE PRESENT

THE FUTURE

Conditional

THE PAST

1

SIMPLE: I go/ he goes

SIMPLE: I went

SIMPLE: I willgo / I wouldgo

2

Continuous: I´mgoing

Continuous: I wasgoing

Continuous: I willbegoing/ I´dbegoing

3

Perfect: I havegone

Perfect: I hadgone

Perfect: I willhavegone / I´dhavegone

PerfectContinuous:

I willhavebeengoing / I´dhavebeengoing

4

PerfectContinuous:

I havebeengoing

PerfectContinuous:

I hadbeengoing


1 complete the sentences using the words in brackets and suitable verbs in the correct tenses

1. Complete the sentences using the words in brackets and suitable verbs in the correct tenses.

Was having

Had already finished

  • 1. I didn ´t answer the phone because I __________________ a shower

  • 2. We arrived too late. The film _______________________ (already)

  • 3. Today is my last day. I ________________ tomorrow

  • 4. I´m exhausted. I ______________________ all morning

  • 5. If I´d known you were coming, I _______________________ something especial

  • 6. Where is Lucía?. She´s at the hairdresser´s. She __________________________ (her hair)

  • 7. She said it was a secret and she asked me __________________________ anybody. (not)

  • 8. A new sports centre _________________________ at the moment.

  • 9. A: How long _________________ (you/know) Cris. B:Since the first time he ____________ (move) here.

  • 10. When I ____________ (arrive) someone _____________the window open. This ____________ John

  • 11. We don ´t visit you very often because you live so far away. If only you __________________ (not/live) so far

  • 12. What time ________ (we/meet) ?. At 7. I _______there. When you get there I ____________ (wait)for 5 minutes

Am leaving

Have been working

Would have done

is having her hair cut

Not to tell anyone

Is being built

Have you known

moved

arrived

Had left

Might have been

Didn´t live

shall

Will be

Will have been waiting


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