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Integration of Guar Supply Chain: Issues and Options. Purushottam Sharma Senior Scientist (Ag. Econ.), Directorate of Soybean Research, Indore [email protected] Next 15 minutes on. Guar Supply Chain Issues and options in Supply Chain Pre-production Post- production

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Integration of guar supply chain issues and options

Integration of Guar Supply Chain: Issues and Options

Purushottam Sharma

Senior Scientist (Ag. Econ.),

Directorate of Soybean Research, Indore

[email protected]

NCDEX Guar International 2014 at Jaipur on 11.10.2014


Next 15 minutes on
Next 15 minutes on ....

  • Guar Supply Chain

  • Issues and options in Supply Chain

    • Pre-production

    • Post- production

  • Policy Related Issues

  • Strategies to integrate supply chain and boost guar gum export


Need for integrated supply network for agri produce
Need for Integrated Supply Network for Agri-Produce

High delivery costs, caused primarily by a fragmented supply chain, inefficient logistics, together with poor standards are the common features of agricultural marketing system in the developing countries. In the present era of globalization & privatization

  • Competition no longer between firms but between supply chains

  • Efficiencies of scale and scope the “buzzword”

  • Leads to shifts in the risk profile

  • Benefit to farmers as upgrading as chain actor, adding value through vertical integration and developing partnerships/ ownerships, feedback to farmers to ‘grow what sells’


Integrated agri supply chain concept

An integrated supply chain provides access to knowledge, technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

Input

Infrastructure

Production and Harvesting

Processing Infrastructure

Distribution and Export

Market segmentation, consumers demand & low cost strategy -driving factors for supply chain collaboration

Integrated Agri Supply Chain: Concept


Guar supply chain pre production

Activity technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

Chain Actors

Support

Input

Supply

Res. Inst./Univ.

- variety??

  • seed??

  • - agro technology

  • - knowledge

Dealer Network

FIG/ Producer Company/ Contract Farming !!!

Retailers

Production

Farmers

Guar Supply Chain: Pre-production

Fertilizers

Pesticides

Inoculants

Seed



India s share in total import of importing countries
India’s share in total import of importing countries technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits


Improved guar production technology farmers knowledge
Improved Guar Production Technology: Farmers knowledge technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

Source: Singh et. al. 2011


Dependence of guar yield on rainfall
Dependence of Guar Yield on Rainfall technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

Rajasthan


Guar area under diff yield levels in rajasthan
Guar area under diff yield levels in Rajasthan technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits


Low seed replacement rate
Low seed replacement rate technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits


Varieties and seed
Varieties and Seed technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

Source: DAC, MoA, GOI


Potential yield of guar
Potential yield of Guar technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

Yield Gap Analysis and Expected Production

Average yield for the period 2004-2008


Guar supply chain post production

Chain Actors technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

Activity

Support

Farmers

- APMC

- AGMARKNET

- News paper

- TV/ radio

- University

Aggregation

Wholesale

Village Trader

Commission Agent

Contract Farming

Wholesaler

Farmer Groups/ Coop

Processor (Split/ Powder)

Guar Supply Chain: Post-Production

Animal Feed (2%-5%)


Post production issues and options
Post-Production: Issues and Options technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits


  • Agricultural Produce Market Regulation Act amended to include provisions for

  • Contract farming

  • Direct marketing

  • e-trading

  • Private markets


Price risk management
Price Risk: Management technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

  • Commodity futures as a platform for minimising price risk

  • Guar spot price volatility decreased post-futures (Sen Committee Report, 2008)

  • Awareness is required

  • FIG/ Farmer Producer Companies can help farmers

Source: Sharma, 2011 & Yadav, et. al., 2013


Guar supply chain post processing

Activity technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

Support

Chain Actors

Processor

  • R&D

    • Processing

    • Products

      - Market intelligence

Processing

Splits

Powder

Churi/ Korma

Guar Supply Chain: Post-Processing

Domestic Industries

Trader/ Wholesaler

Animal Feed

Company

Exporter

  • R&D

  • Transport

  • Containers

  • Testing

  • Export Support

Processing/ Export

Retailer Animal Feed

Export

Farmers/ Dairy Owners


India s share in total import of importing countries1
India’s share in total import of importing countries technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

Q= Share in Import Quantity (%), V= Value share (%)


India s export mix and price relation
India’s export mix and price relation technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits


India s share in total import of importing countries2
India’s share in total import of importing countries technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits


India s share in total import of importing countries3
India’s share in total import of importing countries technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits


Enabling factors of guar supply chain
Enabling Factors of Guar Supply Chain technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

Monsoon

Logistics management and efficiency

Availability, price and quality of seed, inputs

Key Enabling Factors of Guar Supply Chain

Processor- Ability to process and market

APMC (Mandi)

Policy and regulation effectiveness

Research

Information flow


The road ahead
The Road Ahead… technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

  • Develop a R&D centre as the centre of excellence for Guar:

  • Collection and dissemination of information,

  • Promoting usage of Guar and its derivatives,

  • Development of processing technology according to changing market demand and food safety concerns

  • Development of value added products.

  • Have R&D facilities and pilot plant/ machinery for trial production of value added derivatives of Guar.

  • Have facilities and authority for quality certification.

  • Capacity building of small and medium enterprises in guar processing on the lines of growing food safety concerns.


Further actions
Further actions technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

  • Industry Association:

  • How you can support farmers to stabilize yield, achieve higher productivity, minimize post-production costs, and sustainability.

  • Access to processing technology: industry specific products

  • Research – Industry collaboration for higher and sustainable productivity and for processing


Guar technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

Greatest

Untapped

Agricultural

Resource


Thank you technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits


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