Integration of guar supply chain issues and options
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Integration of Guar Supply Chain: Issues and Options. Purushottam Sharma Senior Scientist (Ag. Econ.), Directorate of Soybean Research, Indore [email protected] Next 15 minutes on. Guar Supply Chain Issues and options in Supply Chain Pre-production Post- production

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Integration of guar supply chain issues and options

Integration of Guar Supply Chain: Issues and Options

Purushottam Sharma

Senior Scientist (Ag. Econ.),

Directorate of Soybean Research, Indore

[email protected]

NCDEX Guar International 2014 at Jaipur on 11.10.2014


Next 15 minutes on

Next 15 minutes on ....

  • Guar Supply Chain

  • Issues and options in Supply Chain

    • Pre-production

    • Post- production

  • Policy Related Issues

  • Strategies to integrate supply chain and boost guar gum export


Need for integrated supply network for agri produce

Need for Integrated Supply Network for Agri-Produce

High delivery costs, caused primarily by a fragmented supply chain, inefficient logistics, together with poor standards are the common features of agricultural marketing system in the developing countries. In the present era of globalization & privatization

  • Competition no longer between firms but between supply chains

  • Efficiencies of scale and scope the “buzzword”

  • Leads to shifts in the risk profile

  • Benefit to farmers as upgrading as chain actor, adding value through vertical integration and developing partnerships/ ownerships, feedback to farmers to ‘grow what sells’


Integrated agri supply chain concept

An integrated supply chain provides access to knowledge, technology, finance, markets: leading to shared benefits

Input

Infrastructure

Production and Harvesting

Processing Infrastructure

Distribution and Export

Market segmentation, consumers demand & low cost strategy -driving factors for supply chain collaboration

Integrated Agri Supply Chain: Concept


Guar supply chain pre production

Activity

Chain Actors

Support

Input

Supply

Res. Inst./Univ.

- variety??

  • seed??

  • - agro technology

  • - knowledge

Dealer Network

FIG/ Producer Company/ Contract Farming !!!

Retailers

Production

Farmers

Guar Supply Chain: Pre-production

Fertilizers

Pesticides

Inoculants

Seed


Integration of guar supply chain issues and options

  • Pre-Production: Issues and Options


India s share in total import of importing countries

India’s share in total import of importing countries


Improved guar production technology farmers knowledge

Improved Guar Production Technology: Farmers knowledge

Source: Singh et. al. 2011


Dependence of guar yield on rainfall

Dependence of Guar Yield on Rainfall

Rajasthan


Guar area under diff yield levels in rajasthan

Guar area under diff yield levels in Rajasthan


Low seed replacement rate

Low seed replacement rate


Varieties and seed

Varieties and Seed

Source: DAC, MoA, GOI


Potential yield of guar

Potential yield of Guar

Yield Gap Analysis and Expected Production

Average yield for the period 2004-2008


Guar supply chain post production

Chain Actors

Activity

Support

Farmers

- APMC

- AGMARKNET

- News paper

- TV/ radio

- University

Aggregation

Wholesale

Village Trader

Commission Agent

Contract Farming

Wholesaler

Farmer Groups/ Coop

Processor (Split/ Powder)

Guar Supply Chain: Post-Production

Animal Feed (2%-5%)


Post production issues and options

Post-Production: Issues and Options


Integration of guar supply chain issues and options

  • Pre-Production: Issues and Options

  • Agricultural Produce Market Regulation Act amended to include provisions for

  • Contract farming

  • Direct marketing

  • e-trading

  • Private markets


Price risk management

Price Risk: Management

  • Commodity futures as a platform for minimising price risk

  • Guar spot price volatility decreased post-futures (Sen Committee Report, 2008)

  • Awareness is required

  • FIG/ Farmer Producer Companies can help farmers

Source: Sharma, 2011 & Yadav, et. al., 2013


Guar supply chain post processing

Activity

Support

Chain Actors

Processor

  • R&D

    • Processing

    • Products

      - Market intelligence

Processing

Splits

Powder

Churi/ Korma

Guar Supply Chain: Post-Processing

Domestic Industries

Trader/ Wholesaler

Animal Feed

Company

Exporter

  • R&D

  • Transport

  • Containers

  • Testing

  • Export Support

Processing/ Export

Retailer Animal Feed

Export

Farmers/ Dairy Owners


India s share in total import of importing countries1

India’s share in total import of importing countries

Q= Share in Import Quantity (%), V= Value share (%)


India s export mix and price relation

India’s export mix and price relation


India s share in total import of importing countries2

India’s share in total import of importing countries


India s share in total import of importing countries3

India’s share in total import of importing countries


Enabling factors of guar supply chain

Enabling Factors of Guar Supply Chain

Monsoon

Logistics management and efficiency

Availability, price and quality of seed, inputs

Key Enabling Factors of Guar Supply Chain

Processor- Ability to process and market

APMC (Mandi)

Policy and regulation effectiveness

Research

Information flow


The road ahead

The Road Ahead…

  • Develop a R&D centre as the centre of excellence for Guar:

  • Collection and dissemination of information,

  • Promoting usage of Guar and its derivatives,

  • Development of processing technology according to changing market demand and food safety concerns

  • Development of value added products.

  • Have R&D facilities and pilot plant/ machinery for trial production of value added derivatives of Guar.

  • Have facilities and authority for quality certification.

  • Capacity building of small and medium enterprises in guar processing on the lines of growing food safety concerns.


Further actions

Further actions

  • Industry Association:

  • How you can support farmers to stabilize yield, achieve higher productivity, minimize post-production costs, and sustainability.

  • Access to processing technology: industry specific products

  • Research – Industry collaboration for higher and sustainable productivity and for processing


Integration of guar supply chain issues and options

Guar

Greatest

Untapped

Agricultural

Resource


Integration of guar supply chain issues and options

Thank you


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