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U.S. Coast Guard Ballast Water Management (BWM) Requirements. LT. Eddie Lesane U.S. Coast Guard Sector Charleston. September 2006. HISTORY OF BWM PROGRAM MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS COAST GUARD PORT STATE CONTROL EXAMINATIONS ENFORCEMENT ACTIONS. BWM Outline.
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LT. Eddie Lesane
U.S. Coast Guard Sector Charleston
26 October 1996 - Congress inacted the National Invasive Species Act of 1996 (NISA) (Charged CG w/initiating Voluntary Program in all U.S. ports & required all vessels to submit reports
1997 – Smithsonian Environmental Research Center created the National Ballast Information Clearinghouse (NBIC)
17 May 1999 – Interim Rule published in federal register; established 33CFR part D; created mandatory BWM reporting & record keeping & promoted best practices for all vessels entering U.S. after operating outside of the EEZ (200NM). 21 November 2001 Final Rule published via Federal Register
03 June 2002 - CG submitted its first report to Congress & determined the rate of compliance was found to be inadequate, and vessel operators often failed to submit mandatory ballast water reports to the Coast Guard during this timeframe. Report also stated the Secretary’s intention to have the CG take additional action to reduce the inflow of ANS; Final rule published 28 July 2004 and became effective 27 September 2004Coast Guard Ballast Water ProgramBackground/Timeline
Only 30.4% submitted reports during the first 24 months of the voluntary requirements coming into effect
Over a two year period the monthly compliance rate increased gradually from 20% to a final rate of about 40%
Approximately 51% of the reporting ships that discharged ballast water performed some degree of ballast water exchange (reasons varied & included constraints posed by the vessel’s itinerary as well as ship and crew safety concerns)Statistics From Initial Report to Congress
Develop a ship specific plan
Report before departing a port or place of departure if the voyage is < 24 hrs; or 24 hrs before arrival to a port or place of destination if voyage is >24 hrs
Employ primary BWM practices:
Maintain ballast on board
Minimze ballast water uptake or discharge in certain locations & times
Complete mid-ocean exchange of ballast water no less than 200 NM of any shore
Crude Oil Tankers on Coastwise Voyage
DOD, Coast Guard and Armed Service Vessels
Vessels that operate exclusively in one COTP ZoneTransition from Voluntary to Mandatory BWM Program
A) The voyage does not take it more
than 200 NM from any shore for
“SUFFICIENT TIME”; or
B) Because of safety concerns
Ship may discharge only that amount
Records must be available to the COTP
BW samples may be taken!
Note: Mid Ocean Seawater should retain a salinity between 30 -40 ppmSafety Exemptions and Voyage Constraints
Prior to conducting examinations, CG MI’s review the vessel’s history in our MISLE database (Any current BWM lookout list issued by CG HQs)
Aboard the vessel:
Check anchor equipment, hull and components visible below water line for biofouling (i.e., seaweed, barnacles, other algae and shellfish)
If at DD, verify if sediments in ballast tanks; if so vessel must dispose of in accordance with State and local laws (Vessels should be cleaning tanks regularly)
Check for specific ballast water plan; If a plan is not made available a violation for failure to comply and an expanded examination will be conductedCG PSC Ballast Water Examination
If vessel is on BWM Lookout List for failing to report or is suspected of being out of compliance, ensure expanded examination is conducted (Ballast Water Sampling to be included)
Note: Vessels that fail to comply w/BWM requirements are subject to the following:
Verbal Education, Letter of Warning, Notice of Violations, Civil Penalties ($32,500/day), Suspension and Revocation, Captain of the Port Orders, Criminal Charges (Class C Felony)CG PSC Ballast Water Examination Cont’d