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SLEEP AND COLLEGE LIFE Waverly Green, III, MD Teresa Green, MD PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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SLEEP AND COLLEGE LIFE Waverly Green, III, MD Teresa Green, MD WestCare Sleep Disorders Center: Harris Regional Hospital Sylva, NC. Overview. Why Sleep is Important Consequences of Sleep Deprivation Recognizing Sleep Disorders Tips for Good Sleep. Sleep is Vitally Important.

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SLEEP AND COLLEGE LIFE Waverly Green, III, MD Teresa Green, MD

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Sleep and college life waverly green iii md teresa green md

SLEEP AND COLLEGE LIFE

Waverly Green, III, MD

Teresa Green, MD

WestCare Sleep Disorders Center: Harris Regional Hospital

Sylva, NC


Overview

Overview

  • Why Sleep is Important

  • Consequences of Sleep Deprivation

  • Recognizing Sleep Disorders

  • Tips for Good Sleep


Sleep is vitally important

Sleep is Vitally Important...

  • Growth and physical development

  • Learning & memory consolidation

  • Cognitive & physical performance

  • Mood and emotional stability

  • Health maintenance and prevention of disease


Sleep needs vary over the life cycle

Sleep Needs Vary Over the Life Cycle


Yet college students are chronically sleep deprived

Yet… College Students are Chronically Sleep Deprived

  • Average significantly less sleep (6-7 hours). A 2hr sleep debt each night!

  • Most experience excessive daytime sleepiness on a regular basis (50-70%)

  • Report twice as many sleep problems as the general population


Sleep and college life waverly green iii md teresa green md

Why?

  • The obvious:

    • Academic workload

  • The less obvious:

    • Social activities, extracurricular activities, and jobs

    • Computer / internet / TV / cell phones

    • Excessive caffeine use, alcohol and/or recreational drugs

    • Delayed sleep phase and irregular sleep wake schedules


Sleep and college life waverly green iii md teresa green md

Social pressures

Academic workloads

Class start times / delayed sleep phase

Sleep Time

Genetic predisposition

Substance abuse

Computer, Internet, TV, Cell phones


Delayed sleep phase sleep schedule

Delayed Sleep Phase Sleep Schedule

In order to get to classes on time, many students must wake early and shorten their sleep time.


Question

QUESTION:

  • What do the following disasters have in common?

    • Three Mile Island

    • Chernobyl

    • Exxon Valdez

    • Space Shuttle Challenger


Question1

QUESTION:

  • What do the following disasters have in common?

    • Three Mile Island

    • Chernobyl

    • Exxon Valdez

    • Space Shuttle Challenger

  • All are attributed in some degree to the poor judgment of sleep deprived workers.


  • Effects of sleep deprivation

    Effects of Sleep Deprivation

    • Impaired alertness/excessive daytime sleepiness

      • Alertness is impaired after:

        • 3 hrs of sleep for 1 night

        • 5 hrs for 2 nights

          However, although the individual’s subjective sleepiness levels out, cognitive and performance impairment does not:

          * We are not always aware of the

          severity of our impairment *


    Effects of sleep deprivation1

    Effects of Sleep Deprivation

    • Impaired performance (cognitive and motor)

      • Impaired short-term memory

      • Decreased reaction time and judgment

      • Increased number of errors

      • Impaired information processing

        All of which can lead to

        lower academic performance…


    Effects of sleep deprivation2

    Effects of Sleep Deprivation

    Would you ever take an test drunk?……

    • 18 hours awake produces performance impairment

      = 0.05% Blood alcohol level (BAL)

    • 24 hours awake = 0.10% BAL.

    • Chronic sleep restriction of 4-6 hrs for 2 weeks also results in performance deficits = 0.08% BAL

    • On 4 hours sleep, 1 beer can have the impact of a six-pack.


    Sleep and college performance

    Sleep and College Performance

    • Study at St Lawrence Univ.

      “All nighters” correlated with lower GPAs

    • Study at Stanford Univ.

      Academic and athletic performance in basketball players improved with lengthening of sleep time

    • Study in South Korea

      Staying up late associated with

      poorer academic performance


    Effects of sleep deprivation3

    Effects of Sleep Deprivation

    • Health Problems

      • Mood disturbances – depression, irritability, and anxiety

      • Weight gain

      • Insulin resistance leading to diabetes

      • Impaired immunity

      • Increased cardiovascular problems – hypertension, stroke, heart attack


    The consequences of sleep deprivation on the highway

    The Consequences of Sleep Deprivation on the Highway


    Sleepiness and driving

    Sleepiness and Driving

    • 15-20% of all MVA’s felt to be sleep related.

    • DOT estimates 100,000 MVA’s per year direct result of driver sleepiness/drowsiness.

    • 1500 fatalities / 71,000 injuries per year.

    • Excessive sleepiness 2nd leading cause of car accidents, and a major cause of truck accidents in the US.

    • The peak age for fall-asleep driving accidents is 20.

    • Drivers under 30 account for 2/3 of all drowsy-driving crashes.


    Drowsy driving recognizing the warning signs

    Drowsy Driving Recognizing The Warning Signs

    • Trouble focusing, keeping your eyes open or your head up

    • Daydreaming; wandering/disconnected thoughts

    • Yawning or rubbing your eyes repeatedly

    • Drifting from your lane, tailgating, & missing signs or exits

    • Feeling restless & irritable


    Drowsy driving countermeasures while driving

    Drowsy Driving Countermeasures While Driving

    • Stop driving

    • Pull off the road at a safe place and take a short nap

    • Let a passenger take over the driving

    • Consume caffeine (best combined with a nap)

    • Don’t rely on “drowsy driving devices”

    • Be aware of shoulder rumble strips


    Watch for sleep disorders

    Watch for Sleep Disorders

    • Insomnia

      • Affects up to 40% of college students

      • Involves difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, associated with daytime impairment

      • Can be a normal reaction to short term stress

      • When chronic can lead to long-term problems


    Watch for sleep disorders1

    Watch for Sleep Disorders

    • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

      • Airway closure during sleep, that leads to partial or complete pauses in breathing.

      • This leads to drop in oxygen levels, rise in carbon dioxide levels, and eventually arousal from sleep

      • Symptoms: snoring, pauses in

        breathing, gasping, frequent

        awakenings restless sleep,

        and daytime sleepiness

      • Risk factors: obesity, male

        gender, small upper airway

        family history,

        neuromuscular disease


    Watch for sleep disorders2

    Watch for Sleep Disorders

    • Restless Legs Syndrome

    • Unpleasant, tingling, painful or restless feeling in the legs occurring primarily in in the evening.

    • Worsened by rest/inactivity and relieved by movement.

    • Can be associated with legs movements during sleep.

    • Can be associated with sleep disruption and daytime sleepiness.


    Watch for sleep disorders3

    Watch for Sleep Disorders

    • Narcolepsy

      • Severe excessive daytime sleepiness and uncontrollable “sleep attacks”, sleep paralysis, and hallucinations at the onset of sleep

      • May be associated with sudden episodes of muscle weakness triggered by emotional situations

      • 1/2000 people and often diagnosed late due to subtlety of symptoms

      • Can be very disabling,

        but is treatable with

        medications


    When should you get help

    When Should You Get Help?

    • Trouble getting to sleep or waking up frequently during the night for several weeks

    • Excessive daytime sleepiness (falling asleep at inappropriate times despite adequate sleep)

    • Sudden attacks of sleep or muscle weakness (especially associated with emotional situations)

    • Loud snoring or witnessed episodes of not breathing during sleep


    Healthy sleep tips

    Healthy Sleep Tips

    • Maintain a regular sleep schedule, even on weekends.

    • Allow for relaxing activities during the hour before sleep

    • Create a sleep friendly environment:

    • Go to bed only when sleepy and get out of bed if unable to fall asleep.

    • Exercise daily, but not too close to bedtime

    • Avoid caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol, especially in the late afternoon and evening

    • Avoid naps, particularly in the late

      afternoon or evening

      Make Sleep a Priority!


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