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SECTION 7 AIR CONDITIONING (COOLING) UNIT 38 INSTALLATION. UNIT OBJECTIVES. List three crafts typically involved in air conditioning installation Identify different types of duct system installation Describe the processes used to install various duct systems

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SECTION 7

AIR CONDITIONING (COOLING)

UNIT 38

INSTALLATION


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UNIT OBJECTIVES

  • List three crafts typically involved in air conditioning installation

  • Identify different types of duct system installation

  • Describe the processes used to install various duct systems

  • Describe the basic installation of package air conditioning systems

  • Describe the basic installation of split-type air conditioning systems

  • Describe correct refrigerant piping practices and methods

  • Create a list of basic start-up procedures and explain each

After studying this unit, the reader should be able to


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INTRODUCTION TO EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION

  • Installations require ductwork, electrical, and mechanical work

  • Some contractors use separate crews

  • The three disciplines are licensed at state and/or local levels


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SQUARE AND RECTANGULAR DUCT

  • Duct sections are assembled in the field

  • All duct sections must be measured accurately

  • Sections connected with “S” fasteners and drive cleats

  • Duct systems must be fastened securely

  • Flexible duct connections reduce vibration noise


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Return air from the occupied space

Supply registers

Supply duct

Air handler (blower)


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Return

Flexible Duct

Supply

Flexible canvas duct connector


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Slip

Drive cleat

JOINING SECTIONS OF GALVANIZED DUCT WITH SLIPS AND DRIVES


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Slip

JOINING SECTIONS OF GALVANIZED DUCT WITH SLIPS AND DRIVES

Ends of drives are bent over to secure


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ROUND METAL DUCT SYSTEMS

  • Duct sections are available from supply houses

  • Sections are connected with self-tapping sheet metal screws

  • Occupy more clearance space than square or rectangular duct


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Bob's.ppt

KIPKE

BOB

GRAPHICS

KIPKE

BOB

GRAPHICS

2000

2001

Drill with screw holder

Screw holder holds drill tip screws in place during installation


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INSULATION FOR METAL DUCT

  • Can be applied to the inside or outside of the duct

  • Interior duct insulation

    • Usually applied during fabrication in the shop

    • Secured with tabs and washers or glue

    • Must be secured to prevent blocking airflow

    • Usually coated fiberglass


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Inulation liner is glued in place on the duct and pierced by the tabs

Tabs are glued to the metal sheet

Washers are installed to hold the insulation in place

Piece of sheet metal used to make a duct section


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The section is folded as needed… the tabs

And assembled


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DUCTBOARD SYSTEMS the tabs

  • Can be fabricated easily using special knives

  • Insulation is already attached

  • Sections are secured by taping and stapling

  • Must be properly supported

  • Does not transmit noise

  • Best used in low traffic areas, as they are not as durable as galvanized metal duct systems


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Staples the tabs

Foil tape completes the joint

JOINING SECTIONS OF FIBERBOARD SECTIONS

Foil backing

Fiberboard duct section


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SECTION OF FIBERBOARD DUCT MATERIAL the tabs

Notches are cut in the board to facilitate the folding of the board into a duct section


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SECTION OF FIBERBOARD DUCT MATERIAL the tabs

The fiberboard section is then bent to form the duct

Notches are cut in the board to facilitate the folding of the board into a duct section


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FLEXIBLE DUCT the tabs

  • Has a flexible liner and may be insulated

  • Low initial cost (Materials and labor)

  • Used as supply or return duct

  • Must be properly supported to prevent collapsing

  • Should be stretched to prevent duct from collapsing

  • Does not transmit noise well


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Flexible Duct the tabs

Supply register


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ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION the tabs

  • Care should be taken whenever working on or around electrical circuits

  • Power supply must provide correct voltage and wire size

  • Split systems require two power supplies

  • There should be a service disconnect close to each piece of equipment

  • Control voltage is obtained through a step-down transformer


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Circuit breaker panel the tabs

Power supply for condensing unit

Power supply for air handler

Air handler


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Wire used for running low voltage control wiring is color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing


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Circuit Breaker Panel color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

Thermostat

Low voltage wiring

Air Handler

Condensing Unit

X-former

Fan relay

Cooling contactor relay

230 v @ 20 amps

230 v @ 40 amps


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INSTALLING THE PACKAGE SYSTEM color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

  • All components are in one cabinet

  • Range from window unit size to over 100 tons

  • Air-cooled equipment is most common in residential and light commercial applications

  • Unit vibration should not be transmitted to the structure

  • Duct connections must be water tight and insulated

  • Crankcase heat must be energized before the system is started up


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INSTALLING SPLIT SYSTEM AIR CONDITIONERS color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

  • Air handler must be secured or mounted properly

  • Access to the unit must be considered before installing

  • Condensate must be properly removed

  • Average condensate is 3 pints per hour per ton

  • Auxiliary drain pans

    • Used when the evaporator is above the conditioned space

    • Piped to a conspicuous location


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Trapped condensate line color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

Floor drain


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Condensate pump discharge color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

Trapped condensate line

Condensate pump


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Plenum system color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

Supply plenum

Return duct

Auxiliary drain pan

Auxiliary drain from unit

Auxiliary drain line

Primary drain line


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THE SPLIT SYSTEM CONDENSING UNIT color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

  • Discharged air must not re-circulate

  • Piping is connected to the condensing unit from the evaporator

  • Units must be able to be serviced properly

  • Units should be set on pads

  • Condensing units should be located in the shade

  • Noise should not be objectionable


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Unit located far from windows color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

Piping to and from air handler

Air must be able to circulate freely

Unit set on pad


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INSTALLING REFRIGERANT PIPING color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

  • Piping runs should be as short as possible

  • The refrigerant charge is usually shipped in the condensing unit

  • Suction line should be insulated

  • Leak check piping before introducing refrigerant

  • Properly evacuate system


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EQUIPMENT STARTUP color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

  • Allow crankcase heater to run overnight before starting system

  • Check fan rotation

  • Check fan amperage

  • Check airflow at registers

  • Check the amperage of the compressor

  • Check operating pressures and temperatures


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SUMMARY - 1 color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

  • Installations require ductwork, electrical, and mechanical work

  • Rectangular galvanized duct sections must be measured and fabricated accurately, properly supported and installed with canvas collars to reduce noise transmission

  • Galvanized duct sections are often joined with slips and drives

  • Round metal duct sections are connected with self-tapping sheet metal screws


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SUMMARY - 2 color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

  • Metal duct systems must be insulated

  • Fiberboard duct sections do not need to be insulated and are joined by stapling and taping

  • Flexible duct can be used for return and branch duct connections

  • Flexible duct should be stretched and properly supported to prevent the material from collapsing

  • Always exercise caution when installing electric circuits


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SUMMARY - 3 color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

  • Power supplies must match the system requirements

  • Split systems require two power supplies

  • Package systems require only one power supply

  • Low voltage control wiring is obtained through a control transformer

  • Package systems have all system components contained in a single cabinet


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SUMMARY - 4 color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

  • Condensate from the system must be properly removed: gravity or pump

  • Auxiliary drain pans catch condensate overflow and protect living space below the unit

  • Condenser discharge air must not recirculate back through the coil

  • Condensing units should be positioned so that noise factor is low and service panels are accessible


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SUMMARY - 5 color-coded, usually in the range of 18 gage and comes supplied in a vinyl casing

  • Refrigerant piping runs should be as short as possible

  • The suction line should be insulated

  • Piping circuit should be leak checked and evacuated before introducing refrigerant to the system

  • When starting up an air conditioning system, be sure to check operating amperages, voltages and system operating pressures


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