Oklahoma State University Graduate Teaching Assistant Conference on Teaching, 2013. Effective Teaching Techniques: Keeping Students Engaged. Donald P. French, Ph.D. Professor of Zoology Coordinator, University Faculty Preparation Program. [email protected] http://grad.okstate.edu/ufp.
Why do you want to engage students?
What do we mean by engagement?
How would you recognize engagement?
If we throw “bricks” of knowledge at the heads of students, why are we surprised when the students duck?
University of Northern Iowa
People are not blank slates or empty vessels to be filled
They must organized it
But how does this organization arise?
ConceptOrganization reflects connections
Information should be well structured, personally relevant, and rich in emotional and sensory qualities
There are limitations on how much we can pay attention to at one time
No attention - no memory; varying the type and sensory modality of learning activities may be helpful
Students should engage with material frequently in ways that require retrieval - frequent testing.
“Mutations cause cancer, therefore all mutations are bad. “
“Evolution occurs only by natural selection.”
Misconception: Incorrect association in cognitive schema
Misunderstanding: Gaps in cognitive schema
“Mutations cause cancer and they are also a source of genetic variation. “
“Evolution can occur by natural selection and other processes like genetic drift.”
Misconceptions: Confront misconceptions
Misunderstandings: Provide connections from previous information to new information
Closed-ended questions such as those requiring a Yes/No response or selection from multiple choice
Open-ended questions probe and elicit expanded thinking and processing of information
Convergent questions have one right answer
Divergent questions have multiple possible answers and encourage students to be creative or express insight. If working in groups, students have the opportunity to learn from a variety of perspectives.
from different levels
If the vacationing slug family's internal fluid salt concentration was 0.9% and that of the great salt lake was 5%, what affect would swimming have on their cells?
and numerous journals