Vocabulary review
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Vocabulary Review. Units 1-3. Unit 1. ac quis itive. Adj—able to get and retain ideas or information; concerned with acquiring wealth or property Synonyms: greedy, grasping, avaricious, retentive Antonyms: altruistic, unretentive. a rrogate. Verb—to claim or take without right

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Vocabulary Review

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Vocabulary review

Vocabulary Review

Units 1-3

Unit 1

Unit 1

Ac quis itive


  • Adj—able to get and retain ideas or information; concerned with acquiring wealth or property

  • Synonyms: greedy, grasping, avaricious, retentive

  • Antonyms: altruistic, unretentive

A rrogate


  • Verb—to claim or take without right

  • Synonyms: expropriate, usurp, commandeer

  • Antonyms: relinquish, renounce, abdicate, abandon

Ba nal


  • Adj—hackneyed, trite, commonplace

  • Synonyms: stale, insipid

  • Antonyms: fresh, novel, original, new

Be la bor


  • Verb—to work on excessively; to thrash soundly

  • Synonyms: overwork

Car ping


  • Adj—tending to find fault, especially in a petty, nasty, or hairsplitting way

  • Noun—petty, nagging, criticism

  • Synonyms: nit-picking, caviling

  • Antonyms: approving, critical

Co her ent


  • Adj—holding or sticking together, making a logical whole, comprehensible, meaningful

  • Synonyms: connected, unified, consistent, cohesive

  • Antonyms: muddled, chaotic, disjointed

Con geal


  • Verb—to change from liquid to solid, thicken; to make inflexible or rigid

  • Synonyms: harden, jell, coagulate, solidify

  • Antonyms: melt, liquefy

Em ulate


  • Verb—to imitate with the intent of equaling or surpassing the model

  • Synonyms: copy, mimic, rival, match, measure up to

En co mium


  • Noun—formal expression of praise, a lavish tribute

  • Synonyms: panegyric, eulogy, commendation

  • Antonyms: condemnation, castigation, criticism

Es chew


  • Verb—to avoid, shun, keep away from

  • Synonyms: abstain from, steer clear of, forgo

  • Antonyms: embrace, adopt

Ger mane


  • Adj—relevant, appropriate, apropos, fitting

  • Synonym: pertinent

  • Antonym: irrelevant, extraneous, inappropriate

In sa tiable


  • Adj—so great or demanding as not to be satisfied

  • Synonyms: unquenchable, ravenous, voracious

In tran sigent


  • Adj—refusing to compromise, irreconcilable

  • Synonyms: uncompromising, unyielding, obdurate

  • Antonyms: lukewarm, halfhearted, yielding

In vid ious


  • Adj—offensive, hateful; tending to cause bitterness and resentment

  • Synonyms: malicious, spiteful, prejudicial, pejorative

  • Antonyms: complimentary, flattering, ameliorative

Lar gesse


  • Noun—generosity in giving; lavish or bountiful contributions

  • Synonyms: liberality, munificence, bounty

  • Antonyms: stinginess, miserliness, niggardliness

Re conn aissance


  • Noun—a survey made for military purposes; any kind of preliminary inspection or examination

  • Synonym: scouting expedition

Sub stan tiate


  • Verb—to establish by evidence, prove; to give concrete or substantial form to

  • Synonyms: verify, confirm, validate, authenticate

  • Antonyms: refute, disprove, invalidate

Tac iturn


  • Adj—habitually silent or quiet; inclined to talk very little

  • Synonyms: tight-lipped, uncommunicative, laconic

  • Antonyms: garrulous, loquacious, prolix, verbose

Tem porize


  • Verb—to stall or act evasively in order to gain time, avoid a confrontation, or postpone a decision; to compromise

  • Synonyms: hedge, dillydally, procrastinate

Ten able


  • Adj—capable of being held or defended

  • Synonyms: defensible, justifiable, maintainable

  • Antonyms: indefensible, unjustifiable

Unit 2

Unit 2

Ac cost


  • Verb—to approach and speak to first; to confront in a challenging or aggressive way

  • Synonyms: buttonhole, approach, confront

  • Antonyms: evade, avoid, shun

Animad ver sion


  • Noun—a comment indicating strong criticism or disapproval

  • Synonyms: rebuke, reproof

  • Antonyms: praise, compliment

Av id


  • Adj—desirous of something to the point of greed; intensely eager

  • Synonyms: keen, enthusiastic, grasping

  • Antonyms: reluctant, indifferent, unenthusiastic

Brack ish


  • Adj—having a salty taste and unpleasant to drink

  • Synonyms: briny, saline

  • Antonyms: fresh, clear, sweet

Ce ler ity


  • Noun—swiftness, rapidity of motion or action

  • Synonyms: promptness, alacrity, speed

  • Antonyms: slowness, sluggishness, dilatoriness

De vious


  • Adj—straying or wandering from a straight or direct course; done or acting in a shifty or underhanded way

  • Synonyms: roundabout, indirect, tricky, sly, artful

  • Antonyms: direct, straightforward, open, aboveboard

Gam bit


  • Noun—in chess, an opening move that involves risk or sacrifice of a minor piece in order to gain a later advantage; any opening move of this type

  • Synonyms: ploy, stratagem, ruse, maneuver

Hal cyon


  • Noun—legendary bird identified with the kingfisher

  • Adj—of or relating to the halcyon; calm, peaceful; hapy, golden; prosperous, affluent

  • Synonyms: tranquil, serene, placid, palmy

  • Antonyms: turbulent, chaotic, tumultuous

Histri on ic


  • Adj—pertaining to actors and their techniques; theatrical, artificial; melodramatic

  • Synonyms: affected, stagy

  • Antonyms: low-keyed, muted, untheatrical, subdued

In cen diary


  • Adj—deliberately setting or causing fires; designed to start fires; tending to stir up strife or rebellion

  • Noun—one who deliberately sets fires, arsonist; one who causes strife

  • Synonyms: inflammatory, provocative, firebrand

  • Antonyms: soothing, quieting, peacemaker

Mael strom


  • Noun—a whirlpool of great size and violence; a situation resembling a whirlpool in violence and destruction

  • Synonyms: vortex, chaos, turbulence, tumult

My op ic


  • Adj—nearsighted; lacking a broad, realistic view of a situation; lacking foresight or discernement

  • Synonym: shortsighted

  • Antonym: farsighted

O vert


  • Adj—open, not hidden, expressed or revealed in a way tht is easily recognized

  • Synonyms: clear, obvious, manifest, patent

  • Antonyms: secret, clandestine, covert, concealed

Pe jor ative


  • Adj—tending to make worse; expressing disapproval or disparagement; derogatory, deprecatory, belittling

  • Antonyms: complimentary, ameliorative

Pro pri ety


  • Noun—the state of being proper, appropriateness

  • Pl—standards of what is proper or socially acceptable

  • Synonyms: fitness, correctness, decorum

  • Antonyms: unseemliness, inappropriateness

Sac rilege


  • Noun—improper or disrespectful treatment of something held sacred

  • Synonyms: desecration, profanation, defilement

Su mmar ily


  • Adv-without delay or formality, briefly, concisely

  • Synonyms: promptly, peremptorily, abruptly

Supp liant


  • adj—asking humbly and earnestly

  • Noun—one who makes a request humbly and earnestly, a petitioner, a suitor

Tal isman


  • Noun-an object that serves as a charm or is believed to confer magical powers, an amulet, fetish

Un dulate


  • Verb-to move in waves or with a wavelike motion; to have a wavelike appearance or form

  • Synomyms: ripple, fluctuate, rise and fall

Unit 3

Unit 3

Ar tic ulate


  • Verb-to pronounce distinctly; to express well in words; to connect by a joint or joints

  • Adj-expressed clearly and forcefully; able to employ language clearly and forcefully; jointed

  • Synonyms: pronounce, elucidate, eloquent

  • Antonyms: mumble, slur, tongue-tied, halting

Ca vort


  • Verb-to romp or prance around exuberantly; to make merry

  • Synonyms: gambol

Cred ence


  • Noun-belief, mental acceptance

  • Synonyms: credit, trust, confidence

  • Antonyms: disbelief, skepticism, incredulity

De cry


  • Verb-to condemn, express strong disapproval; to officially depreciate

  • Synonyms: denounce, censure, devalue

  • Antonyms: tout, commend, extol, laud, praise

Di ssem ble


  • Verb-to disguise or conceal; deliberately give a false impression

  • Synonyms: dissimulate, mask, feign

Dis traught


  • Adj-very much agitated or upset as a result of emotion or mental conflict

  • Synonyms: frantic, distracted

  • Antonyms: calm, composed, collected

Eu logy


  • Noun-a formal statement of commendation; high praise

  • Synonyms: panegyric, encomium, tribute, testimonial

  • Antonyms: philippic, diatribe, invective

E vince


  • Verb-to display clearly, to make evident, to provoke

  • Synonyms: exhibit, manifest, occasion

Ex hume


  • Verb-to remove from a grave; to bring to light

  • Synonyms: disinter, unearth, uncover

  • Antonyms: bury, inter

Feck less


  • Adj-lacking in spirit and strength; ineffective, weak; irresponsible, unreliable

  • Synonyms: feeble, helpless, incompetent, ineffectual

  • Antonyms: competent, capable, effective

Mur ky


  • Adj-dark and gloomy, obscure; lacking in clarity and precision

  • Synonyms: dim, cloudy, unclear

  • Antonyms: clear, transparent, lucid, limpid

Ne far ious


  • Adj-wicked, depraved, devoid of moral standards

  • Synonyms: iniquitous, reprehensible

  • Antonyms: virtuous, honorable, praiseworthy, meritorious

Pi quant


  • Adj-stimulating to the taste or mind; spicy, pungent; appealingly provacative

  • Synonyms: tangy, zestful

  • Antonyms: bland, insipid, tasteless, mild

Pri mor dial


  • Adj-developed or created at the very beginning; going back to the most ancient times or earliest stage; fundamental, basic

  • Synonyms: original, primeval, primal

Pro pin quity


  • Noun-nearness in place or time; kinship

  • Synonyms: proximity, similarity

  • Antonyms: remoteness, distance

Un won ted


  • Adj-not usual or expected; not in character

  • Synonyms: unusual; uncommon, unexpected, atypical

  • Antonyms: usual, customary, typical

U to pian


  • Adj-founded upon or involving a visionary view of an ideal world; impractical

  • Synonym: idealistic

  • Antonyms: realistic, pragmatic

Ver biage


  • Noun—language that is too wordy or inflated in proportion to the sense or content, wordiness; a manner of expression

  • Synonyms: verbosity, prolixity, diction, jargon

Ver dant


  • Adj-green in tint or color; immature in experience or judgment

  • Synonyms: artless, naïve

  • Antonyms: scorched, sere, barren, arid

Vis cous


  • Adj—having a gelatinous or gluey quality, lacking in easy movement or fluidity

  • Synonyms: gummy, sticky, thick

  • Antonyms: runny, watery, aqueous

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