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Vocabulary Review. Units 1-3. Unit 1. ac quis itive. Adj—able to get and retain ideas or information; concerned with acquiring wealth or property Synonyms: greedy, grasping, avaricious, retentive Antonyms: altruistic, unretentive. a rrogate. Verb—to claim or take without right

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ac quis itive
acquisitive
  • Adj—able to get and retain ideas or information; concerned with acquiring wealth or property
  • Synonyms: greedy, grasping, avaricious, retentive
  • Antonyms: altruistic, unretentive
a rrogate
arrogate
  • Verb—to claim or take without right
  • Synonyms: expropriate, usurp, commandeer
  • Antonyms: relinquish, renounce, abdicate, abandon
ba nal
banal
  • Adj—hackneyed, trite, commonplace
  • Synonyms: stale, insipid
  • Antonyms: fresh, novel, original, new
be la bor
belabor
  • Verb—to work on excessively; to thrash soundly
  • Synonyms: overwork
car ping
carping
  • Adj—tending to find fault, especially in a petty, nasty, or hairsplitting way
  • Noun—petty, nagging, criticism
  • Synonyms: nit-picking, caviling
  • Antonyms: approving, critical
co her ent
Coherent
  • Adj—holding or sticking together, making a logical whole, comprehensible, meaningful
  • Synonyms: connected, unified, consistent, cohesive
  • Antonyms: muddled, chaotic, disjointed
con geal
congeal
  • Verb—to change from liquid to solid, thicken; to make inflexible or rigid
  • Synonyms: harden, jell, coagulate, solidify
  • Antonyms: melt, liquefy
em ulate
emulate
  • Verb—to imitate with the intent of equaling or surpassing the model
  • Synonyms: copy, mimic, rival, match, measure up to
en co mium
encomium
  • Noun—formal expression of praise, a lavish tribute
  • Synonyms: panegyric, eulogy, commendation
  • Antonyms: condemnation, castigation, criticism
es chew
eschew
  • Verb—to avoid, shun, keep away from
  • Synonyms: abstain from, steer clear of, forgo
  • Antonyms: embrace, adopt
ger mane
germane
  • Adj—relevant, appropriate, apropos, fitting
  • Synonym: pertinent
  • Antonym: irrelevant, extraneous, inappropriate
in sa tiable
insatiable
  • Adj—so great or demanding as not to be satisfied
  • Synonyms: unquenchable, ravenous, voracious
in tran sigent
intransigent
  • Adj—refusing to compromise, irreconcilable
  • Synonyms: uncompromising, unyielding, obdurate
  • Antonyms: lukewarm, halfhearted, yielding
in vid ious
invidious
  • Adj—offensive, hateful; tending to cause bitterness and resentment
  • Synonyms: malicious, spiteful, prejudicial, pejorative
  • Antonyms: complimentary, flattering, ameliorative
lar gesse
largesse
  • Noun—generosity in giving; lavish or bountiful contributions
  • Synonyms: liberality, munificence, bounty
  • Antonyms: stinginess, miserliness, niggardliness
re conn aissance
reconnaissance
  • Noun—a survey made for military purposes; any kind of preliminary inspection or examination
  • Synonym: scouting expedition
sub stan tiate
substantiate
  • Verb—to establish by evidence, prove; to give concrete or substantial form to
  • Synonyms: verify, confirm, validate, authenticate
  • Antonyms: refute, disprove, invalidate
tac iturn
taciturn
  • Adj—habitually silent or quiet; inclined to talk very little
  • Synonyms: tight-lipped, uncommunicative, laconic
  • Antonyms: garrulous, loquacious, prolix, verbose
tem porize
temporize
  • Verb—to stall or act evasively in order to gain time, avoid a confrontation, or postpone a decision; to compromise
  • Synonyms: hedge, dillydally, procrastinate
ten able
tenable
  • Adj—capable of being held or defended
  • Synonyms: defensible, justifiable, maintainable
  • Antonyms: indefensible, unjustifiable
ac cost
accost
  • Verb—to approach and speak to first; to confront in a challenging or aggressive way
  • Synonyms: buttonhole, approach, confront
  • Antonyms: evade, avoid, shun
animad ver sion
animadversion
  • Noun—a comment indicating strong criticism or disapproval
  • Synonyms: rebuke, reproof
  • Antonyms: praise, compliment
av id
avid
  • Adj—desirous of something to the point of greed; intensely eager
  • Synonyms: keen, enthusiastic, grasping
  • Antonyms: reluctant, indifferent, unenthusiastic
brack ish
brackish
  • Adj—having a salty taste and unpleasant to drink
  • Synonyms: briny, saline
  • Antonyms: fresh, clear, sweet
ce ler ity
celerity
  • Noun—swiftness, rapidity of motion or action
  • Synonyms: promptness, alacrity, speed
  • Antonyms: slowness, sluggishness, dilatoriness
de vious
devious
  • Adj—straying or wandering from a straight or direct course; done or acting in a shifty or underhanded way
  • Synonyms: roundabout, indirect, tricky, sly, artful
  • Antonyms: direct, straightforward, open, aboveboard
gam bit
gambit
  • Noun—in chess, an opening move that involves risk or sacrifice of a minor piece in order to gain a later advantage; any opening move of this type
  • Synonyms: ploy, stratagem, ruse, maneuver
hal cyon
halcyon
  • Noun—legendary bird identified with the kingfisher
  • Adj—of or relating to the halcyon; calm, peaceful; hapy, golden; prosperous, affluent
  • Synonyms: tranquil, serene, placid, palmy
  • Antonyms: turbulent, chaotic, tumultuous
histri on ic
histrionic
  • Adj—pertaining to actors and their techniques; theatrical, artificial; melodramatic
  • Synonyms: affected, stagy
  • Antonyms: low-keyed, muted, untheatrical, subdued
in cen diary
incendiary
  • Adj—deliberately setting or causing fires; designed to start fires; tending to stir up strife or rebellion
  • Noun—one who deliberately sets fires, arsonist; one who causes strife
  • Synonyms: inflammatory, provocative, firebrand
  • Antonyms: soothing, quieting, peacemaker
mael strom
maelstrom
  • Noun—a whirlpool of great size and violence; a situation resembling a whirlpool in violence and destruction
  • Synonyms: vortex, chaos, turbulence, tumult
my op ic
myopic
  • Adj—nearsighted; lacking a broad, realistic view of a situation; lacking foresight or discernement
  • Synonym: shortsighted
  • Antonym: farsighted
o vert
overt
  • Adj—open, not hidden, expressed or revealed in a way tht is easily recognized
  • Synonyms: clear, obvious, manifest, patent
  • Antonyms: secret, clandestine, covert, concealed
pe jor ative
pejorative
  • Adj—tending to make worse; expressing disapproval or disparagement; derogatory, deprecatory, belittling
  • Antonyms: complimentary, ameliorative
pro pri ety
propriety
  • Noun—the state of being proper, appropriateness
  • Pl—standards of what is proper or socially acceptable
  • Synonyms: fitness, correctness, decorum
  • Antonyms: unseemliness, inappropriateness
sac rilege
sacrilege
  • Noun—improper or disrespectful treatment of something held sacred
  • Synonyms: desecration, profanation, defilement
su mmar ily
summarily
  • Adv-without delay or formality, briefly, concisely
  • Synonyms: promptly, peremptorily, abruptly
supp liant
suppliant
  • adj—asking humbly and earnestly
  • Noun—one who makes a request humbly and earnestly, a petitioner, a suitor
tal isman
talisman
  • Noun-an object that serves as a charm or is believed to confer magical powers, an amulet, fetish
un dulate
undulate
  • Verb-to move in waves or with a wavelike motion; to have a wavelike appearance or form
  • Synomyms: ripple, fluctuate, rise and fall
ar tic ulate
articulate
  • Verb-to pronounce distinctly; to express well in words; to connect by a joint or joints
  • Adj-expressed clearly and forcefully; able to employ language clearly and forcefully; jointed
  • Synonyms: pronounce, elucidate, eloquent
  • Antonyms: mumble, slur, tongue-tied, halting
ca vort
cavort
  • Verb-to romp or prance around exuberantly; to make merry
  • Synonyms: gambol
cred ence
credence
  • Noun-belief, mental acceptance
  • Synonyms: credit, trust, confidence
  • Antonyms: disbelief, skepticism, incredulity
de cry
decry
  • Verb-to condemn, express strong disapproval; to officially depreciate
  • Synonyms: denounce, censure, devalue
  • Antonyms: tout, commend, extol, laud, praise
di ssem ble
dissemble
  • Verb-to disguise or conceal; deliberately give a false impression
  • Synonyms: dissimulate, mask, feign
dis traught
distraught
  • Adj-very much agitated or upset as a result of emotion or mental conflict
  • Synonyms: frantic, distracted
  • Antonyms: calm, composed, collected
eu logy
eulogy
  • Noun-a formal statement of commendation; high praise
  • Synonyms: panegyric, encomium, tribute, testimonial
  • Antonyms: philippic, diatribe, invective
e vince
evince
  • Verb-to display clearly, to make evident, to provoke
  • Synonyms: exhibit, manifest, occasion
ex hume
exhume
  • Verb-to remove from a grave; to bring to light
  • Synonyms: disinter, unearth, uncover
  • Antonyms: bury, inter
feck less
feckless
  • Adj-lacking in spirit and strength; ineffective, weak; irresponsible, unreliable
  • Synonyms: feeble, helpless, incompetent, ineffectual
  • Antonyms: competent, capable, effective
mur ky
murky
  • Adj-dark and gloomy, obscure; lacking in clarity and precision
  • Synonyms: dim, cloudy, unclear
  • Antonyms: clear, transparent, lucid, limpid
ne far ious
nefarious
  • Adj-wicked, depraved, devoid of moral standards
  • Synonyms: iniquitous, reprehensible
  • Antonyms: virtuous, honorable, praiseworthy, meritorious
pi quant
piquant
  • Adj-stimulating to the taste or mind; spicy, pungent; appealingly provacative
  • Synonyms: tangy, zestful
  • Antonyms: bland, insipid, tasteless, mild
pri mor dial
primordial
  • Adj-developed or created at the very beginning; going back to the most ancient times or earliest stage; fundamental, basic
  • Synonyms: original, primeval, primal
pro pin quity
propinquity
  • Noun-nearness in place or time; kinship
  • Synonyms: proximity, similarity
  • Antonyms: remoteness, distance
un won ted
unwonted
  • Adj-not usual or expected; not in character
  • Synonyms: unusual; uncommon, unexpected, atypical
  • Antonyms: usual, customary, typical
u to pian
utopian
  • Adj-founded upon or involving a visionary view of an ideal world; impractical
  • Synonym: idealistic
  • Antonyms: realistic, pragmatic
ver biage
verbiage
  • Noun—language that is too wordy or inflated in proportion to the sense or content, wordiness; a manner of expression
  • Synonyms: verbosity, prolixity, diction, jargon
ver dant
verdant
  • Adj-green in tint or color; immature in experience or judgment
  • Synonyms: artless, naïve
  • Antonyms: scorched, sere, barren, arid
vis cous
viscous
  • Adj—having a gelatinous or gluey quality, lacking in easy movement or fluidity
  • Synonyms: gummy, sticky, thick
  • Antonyms: runny, watery, aqueous
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