How to write a paper
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How to Write a Paper. Carl Che 2002.9. Outline. Introduction Steps to Write a Paper Market Concept Embodiment Details Bibliographies. Introduction. Guidance in Writing a Paper Just Frame (Mike Ashby) Not Content (Hang Li) Not Publication (Ya-Qin Zhang) What’s Good Written Papers?

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How to Write a Paper

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How to write a paper

How to Write a Paper

Carl Che

2002.9


Outline

Outline

  • Introduction

  • Steps to Write a Paper

    • Market

    • Concept

    • Embodiment

    • Details

  • Bibliographies


Introduction

Introduction

  • Guidance in Writing a Paper

    • Just Frame (Mike Ashby)

    • Not Content (Hang Li)

    • Not Publication (Ya-Qin Zhang)

  • What’s Good Written Papers?

    • Readable, Remembered, Cited

  • Wanna Write Something


Outline1

Outline

  • Introduction

  • Steps to Write a Paper

    • Market

    • Concept

    • Embodiment

    • Details

  • Bibliographies


Market

Market

  • Market is Readers!

  • Thesis

    • Examiners – Details of All Research

  • Paper

    • Skilled Referees – Check

    • Scientifically-literate Public – Extract Information

  • Research Proposal

    • Funding Agency – Judge

  • Popular article

    • Intelligent but Un-informed Public


Concept

Concept

  • Making Concept-Sheet (Slides)

  • Structure Thinking

  • Freedom of thought

  • Range over Entire Paper

  • De-focus – Forget Details

  • The most satisfying Step of Writing


Concept sheet

Concept-Sheet


Embodiment first draft

Embodiment – First Draft

  • Do it in Any Order

    • Title

    • Abstract

    • Introduction

    • Method

    • Result

    • Discussion

    • Conclusion

    • Figures


How to read a paper

How to Read a Paper

  • Title

  • Abstract

  • Conclusion

  • Figures

  • And Move on


Title

Title

  • Meaningful and Brief

  • Consists of Keywords

  • Avoid Using Abbreviation


Abstract

Abstract

  • Try for One Sentence each on:

    • Motive

    • Method

    • Key Results

    • Conclusions

  • Don’t exceed 3 sentences on Anyone

  • Whether to Read on


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Most important results

  • List any reservations or limitations

  • Don’t duplicate the Abstract

  • Summing up of the advances

  • Bullet-Pointed List


Figures

Figures

  • Reproduced or imitated by others

  • Self-Contained

    • Title

    • Labeled Axes

    • Defined Units


Introduction1

Introduction

  • What’s the problem and why’s it interesting?

  • Who are the main contributors?

  • What did they do?

  • What novel thing will you reveal?

  • State you will do a new thing!


Method

Method

  • Easy to write

  • Allow to be repeated by someone else

  • But no more

  • Keep results for the next section


Results

Results

  • Easy to write, too

  • Present the Output

  • Concise and Meaningful

  • Don’t mix with Discussion


Discussion

Discussion

  • Extract Principles, Relationships, Generalizations

  • Present Analysis, Model or Theory

  • Show relationship between the results and analysis, model or theory

  • Clear and Concise


Details

Details

  • Grammar

  • Spelling

  • Punctuation

  • Style


Style

Style

  • Be Clear

  • Write from an appropriate design

  • Define everything

  • Avoid empty words

  • Revise and rewrite

  • Do not overstate, over-emphasize or apologize


Style cont

Style (Cont.)

  • Avoid being patronizing, condescending or eccentric

  • Use appropriate language

  • Good first sentence

  • Seek helpful examples and analogies

  • Linking

  • Observe good writing

  • Finally…


Outline2

Outline

  • Introduction

  • Steps to Write a Paper

    • Market

    • Concept

    • Embodiment

    • Details

  • Bibliographies


Bibliographies

Bibliographies

  • How to Write a Paper

    • Mike Ashby

  • Some Notes on English Technical Writing

    • Hang Li

  • How to Publish a (good) Paper?

    • Ya-Qin Zhang

  • Efficient Reading of Papers in Science and Thchnology


Reading makes a full man conference a ready man and writing an exact man francis bacon

Reading makes a full manconference a ready manand writing an exact man --- Francis Bacon


Thanks

Thanks!


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