EWT
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 17

EWT PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 65 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

EWT. Other Factors that Affect EWT. BARTLETT AND THE EFFECT OF RECONSTRUCTIVE MEMORY. War of the Ghosts 1932. Anybody?. SCHEMAS. The role of schema. What are schemas, they are packets of information that we build up about the world.

Download Presentation

EWT

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Ewt

EWT

Other Factors that Affect EWT


Bartlett and the effect of reconstructive memory

BARTLETT AND THE EFFECT OF RECONSTRUCTIVE MEMORY.

  • War of the Ghosts 1932.

  • Anybody?


Schemas

SCHEMAS

  • The role of schema.

  • What are schemas, they are packets of information that we build up about the world.

  • # A mental structure that represents some aspect of the world.

  • # A structured cluster of pre-conceived ideas.

  • # An organized pattern of thought or behavior.

  • Structures which organize our knowledge and assumptions about something and are used for interpreting and processing information.

28


Ewt

  • To be precise schema refers to an active organisation of past reactions, or of past experiences.

  • It was Bartett’s research that made us aware that we blend elements of our own knowledge and experience to make it more memorable.

28


Ewt

  • List (1986) applied the idea of schemas to a Shoplifting Scenario.

  • Aims.

  • Procedures.

  • Methodological issues.

  • Ethical issues.

29


Ewt

  • So what are schemas.

  • Quick task- Write down what is the first thing to come in to your mind when you eat at a restaurant.

  • What your coming up with now is your Restaurant schema.


Tuckey and brewer 2003 bank robbery schema

TUCKEY AND BREWER 2003 BANK ROBBERY SCHEMA.

  • Male

  • Wear a disguise.

  • Wear dark clothes.

  • Demand money from cashiers.

  • Getaway car.

  • That car has a driver in it.

29


Ewt

  • Lindsay et al 2004.

  • Read people accounts of a field trip to a palace or a palace burglary.

  • Next day shown a video burglary of museum.

  • Who made more mistakes. Why?

  • People read the account of palace burglary

  • Because the memory for events distorted by previous knowledge

29


Anxiety

ANXIETY

  • Loftus (she is back) and Burns 1982.

  • The one with the video and and the boy shot in the face.

  • Ps had significantly poorer recall for events running up to the violent incidence.

30


Anxiety1

ANXIETY

  • Loftus 1979 Weapon effect.

30


Ewt

  • Christianson and Hubinette 1993

  • They suggest that real incidents with real stress can be accurate detailed and long lasting.

  • They had 110 people who had witnessed between them 22 genuine bank robberies. Some bystanders some directly threatened by robbers

  • The victims who had been subject to greatest anxiety had more accurate recall.


Age of witness

AGE OF WITNESS

  • Children more willing to make a positive identification even if it is wrong.

  • Poole and lindsay (2001)

  • What are the

  • Aims

  • Procedures

  • Methodolgical issues

  • Ethical issues with this study

30-31


Ewt

  • Flin et al. 1992 found that long delays effect the accuracy in young children.

  • Gordon et al (2001) found that children suscuptible to suggestion.

  • Old people also prone to errors in recall.

31


Consequentiality

CONSEQUENTIALITY

  • No serious consequences for Lab based studies.

  • Foster et al (1994)

  • What did they find out?

31-32


Individual differences

INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES

  • Some people more susceptible than others.

  • According to Tomes and Katz (1997) these people share certain characteristics.

  • They generally have poorer recall for the event.

  • They score high on measures of imagery vividness.

  • They have high scores on measures of empathy.

32


People will resist misleading information if it is blatantly wrong

PEOPLE WILL RESIST MISLEADING INFORMATION IF IT IS BLATANTLY WRONG

  • Loftus (1979) Red purse. All but two resisted it being called a brown purse.

32


Ewt

  • Outline and evaluate research into the effects of Anxiety on the accuracy of Eyewitness testimony. 12 Marks.


  • Login