The rising of a new citizenship.
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The rising of a new citizenship. Political action of Mexican Immigrants in Los Angeles. XI Congreso Internacional de la Asociación de Estudios Canadienses ‘Identidades en Evolución. Migraciones y Dinámicas Culturales en el Siglo XXI Flores de la Sierra, Madrid, 17-19 noviembre 2006.

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XI Congreso Internacional de la Asociación de Estudios Canadienses

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The rising of a new citizenship.

Political action of Mexican Immigrants

in Los Angeles

XI Congreso Internacional de la Asociación de Estudios Canadienses

‘Identidades en Evolución. Migraciones y Dinámicas

Culturales en el Siglo XXI

Flores de la Sierra, Madrid, 17-19 noviembre 2006.

Guillermo Ibarra Escobar (UAS)


Theodore Roosevelt (1894). True Americanism

“We must Americanize them (the newcomers to our shores) in every way, in speech, in political ideas and principles, ... We welcome the German or the Irishman who becomes an American. .. We do not wish German-Americans and Irish- Americans who figure as such in our social and political life; we want only Americans, and, provided they are such, we do not care whether they are of native or of Irish or of German ancestry. We have no room in any healthy American community for a German-American vote or an Irish-American vote, and it is contemptible demagogy to put planks into any party platform with the purpose of catching such a vote. We have no room for any people who do not act and vote simply as Americans, and as nothing else...”.


Are illegal immigrants antiamericans?

  • What does americanism mean in the globalizaded world of XXI century?

  • Citizenship and nation state.

  • Citizenship and the global city.


Immigrantion debate, legislation,

protesting, grassroots.

  • A new era in modern American history, similar to the 1960s.

  • Making citizenship in urban life.

  • The professions and the new citizenship.


  • Cartographical identities in the Global City.

  • Militant particularism in the Global City and the New Citizenship.

  • Citizens, “the good ones”.

  • The Others, the strangers.

  • Immigrants and citizenship.


Mexicans in US and Los Ángeles, 2005

  • Mexican population in US, 25 millions.

  • Mexican foreign born in US, 11 millions.

  • Mexican immigrants unauthorized in US, 6 millions.

  • Mexican foreign born in Greater Los Ángeles (LA, Riverside, San Bernardino, Orange), 3 millions.

  • Mexican inmigrants unauthorized in Greater L.A, 35%, 1.05 million.


The Sinaloans case

  • Sinaloa in 2005, 3.5% of the Mexican foreign born, 108,000.

  • Sinaloas immigrants unauthorized, 38%, 41,000.

  • Random survey 2004.


Greater Los Angeles


Mexicans foreign born by census track


Surveying in Sinaloans household, 2004


Year of arrival (%)


Pattern of arrival to US


Educational attainment


Civil status


Migratory status

Percentage


Age of the (Sinaloans) US borned


Educational attainment of the (Sinaloans) US borned


Occupation


Labor Status


Weekly income in US dollars


Monthly Housing Rent


Weekly income by migration status


Bank of preference


Decision for migrating to United States


Will your economic future improve?


When do you think your economic situation will improve?


Difficulty for finding a job


Labor conditions in Los Angeles


Perception about the current personal income


Living conditions in Los Angeles


Have you suffer from discrimination?


Social life in Los Angeles


Regard of the US Laws


Are you affiliated to a political party?


Health services in the US compared to Mexico’s


Are you enjoying the American ways?


¿Would you like to return to Mexico for living?


Would you like to return to Mexico for working?


How well do you speak English?


Do you speaking English at home?


Usage of English at work


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