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ROOSEVELT. 1912. “BULLY”. Very Good! Well Done! Excellent!. A MAN OF ACTION. @ HOME SQUARE DEAL COAL MINERS’ STRIKE RAILROAD REGULATION (Elkins and Hepburn Acts) CLEAN FOOD TRUST-BUSTING THE ENVIRONMENT. ABROAD THE BIG STICK PANAMA CANAL NOBEL PEACE PRIZE GREAT WHITE FLEET.

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bully
“BULLY”

Very Good!

Well Done!

Excellent!

a man of action
A MAN OF ACTION

@ HOME

SQUARE DEAL

COAL MINERS’ STRIKE

RAILROAD REGULATION

(Elkins and Hepburn Acts)

CLEAN FOOD

TRUST-BUSTING

THE ENVIRONMENT

ABROAD

THE BIG STICK

PANAMA CANAL

NOBEL PEACE PRIZE

GREAT WHITE FLEET

a new nationalism
ANEWNATIONALISM

TR and The Progressive Party PRESENT

slide6

direct primaries for all state and national offices

  • direct election of senators
  • ballot initiative, referendum, and recall
  • an easier method for amending the Constitution
  • women’s suffrage
  • limits on individual campaign contributions
  • registration of lobbyists
  • opening congressional committee hearings to the public
  • permitting Supreme Court decisions to be reversed by national referendum
  • a ban on labor injunctions
  • national occupational safety standards
  • prohibition of child labor
  • a minimum wage for women
slide7

a six-day workweek and an 8-hour day

  • workmen’s compensation insurance
  • a social security system
  • improved educational standards
  • creation of a national health service
  • strengthening the ICC
  • currency reform
  • maintenance of the protective tariff only to the extent that it benefits labor
  • graduated inheritance and income taxes
  • greater assimilation of the immigrant population away from the central cities
  • federal securities commission to supervise public offerings of stocks and bonds
a more conservative approach
A MORE CONSERVATIVE APPROACH?

CORPORATE REGULATION

Mann-Elkins Act (1910)

(Strengthens ICC power over RR, Telephone, Telegraph)

TRUST BUSTING x90

(Standard Oil, American Tobacco, U.S. Steel)

POLITICAL IN-FIGHTING

Insurgents vs. Old Guard

TARIFF

(Payne-Aldrich Act)

“Uncle Joe” Cannon

Ballinger-Pinchot Affair

A Divided Party and Congress

Shadow of TR

give taft a second chance
GIVE TAFT A SECOND CHANCE!
  • I’m NOT Theodore Roosevelt – the “mad messiah.”
  • No meddling in the legislative process (respect of checks and balances).
  • Legalistic approach to the presidency with a judicial temperament (no bending the rules).
  • Thorough and painstaking decision making (thoughtful use of presidential powers).
  • Experience in world affairs (Governor of the Philippines).
  • Arbitration of international disputes and “dollars for bullets.”
  • A non-aggressive approach to conservation.
  • Hopefully, a less politically divided Washington, D.C.
slide13

Woodrow Wilson and The Democratic Party PRESENT

THENEW FREEDOM

  • A temporary expansion of the power of the federal government.
  • Restore competition rather than regulate monopolies.
  • Eliminate ALL trusts, lower tariffs, and break up concentrated financial power on Wall Street.
  • Turn over most social programs to the states and cities.
  • Once completed, government reverts to Jeffersonian vision (SMALL GOV’T = stay out of people’s lives).
what i will do
What I Will Do…
  • FOR THE ECONOMY…
  • Lower the tariff and include an income tax.
  • Underwood-Simmons Tariff (1916)
  • Create a new banking system that will improve our currency with “banker’s banks.” *
  • Federal Reserve Act (1913)
  • Create a Federal Trade Commission to define unfair trade practices and issue “cease and desist” orders.
  • Federal Trade Commission (1914)
  • Strengthen anti-trust laws.
  • Clayton Antitrust Act (1914)
  • Support low-interest loans for farmers and internal improvements at federal expense.
  • Federal Farm Loan Act, Warehouse Act, and the Federal Highways Act (1916)
slide15

What I Will Do…

  • FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE…
  • Endorse state action for women’s suffrage.
  • No national amendment.
  • Support state action on child labor.
  • No national legislation at first.
  • Support an 8-hour workday for railroad employees.
  • Only with the Election of 1916 looming.
  • Eliminate “possible friction” in the workplace by racially segregating federal employees.
  • Opposition to black voting rights (dumb whites, too).
  • Appoint Louis D. Brandeis to the Supreme Court.
  • Champion of social justice and 1st Jewish member.
slide17

Eugene V. Debs

WANTS

SOCIALISM

  • An assault on capitalism (Overthrow?).
  • Legal seizure of political power by the working class.
  • Change the present social order.
  • Progressivism is simply an apology for the crimes of capitalism.
  • * By far, Debs was the most RADICAL candidate in the Election of 1912!
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