Roosevelt
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ROOSEVELT. 1912. “BULLY”. Very Good! Well Done! Excellent!. A MAN OF ACTION. @ HOME SQUARE DEAL COAL MINERS’ STRIKE RAILROAD REGULATION (Elkins and Hepburn Acts) CLEAN FOOD TRUST-BUSTING THE ENVIRONMENT. ABROAD THE BIG STICK PANAMA CANAL NOBEL PEACE PRIZE GREAT WHITE FLEET.

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Roosevelt

ROOSEVELT

1912


Bully

“BULLY”

Very Good!

Well Done!

Excellent!


A man of action

A MAN OF ACTION

@ HOME

SQUARE DEAL

COAL MINERS’ STRIKE

RAILROAD REGULATION

(Elkins and Hepburn Acts)

CLEAN FOOD

TRUST-BUSTING

THE ENVIRONMENT

ABROAD

THE BIG STICK

PANAMA CANAL

NOBEL PEACE PRIZE

GREAT WHITE FLEET


A new nationalism

ANEWNATIONALISM

TR and The Progressive Party PRESENT


Roosevelt

  • direct primaries for all state and national offices

  • direct election of senators

  • ballot initiative, referendum, and recall

  • an easier method for amending the Constitution

  • women’s suffrage

  • limits on individual campaign contributions

  • registration of lobbyists

  • opening congressional committee hearings to the public

  • permitting Supreme Court decisions to be reversed by national referendum

  • a ban on labor injunctions

  • national occupational safety standards

  • prohibition of child labor

  • a minimum wage for women


Roosevelt

  • a six-day workweek and an 8-hour day

  • workmen’s compensation insurance

  • a social security system

  • improved educational standards

  • creation of a national health service

  • strengthening the ICC

  • currency reform

  • maintenance of the protective tariff only to the extent that it benefits labor

  • graduated inheritance and income taxes

  • greater assimilation of the immigrant population away from the central cities

  • federal securities commission to supervise public offerings of stocks and bonds


Taft 1912

TAFT 1912


A more conservative approach

A MORE CONSERVATIVE APPROACH?

CORPORATE REGULATION

Mann-Elkins Act (1910)

(Strengthens ICC power over RR, Telephone, Telegraph)

TRUST BUSTING x90

(Standard Oil, American Tobacco, U.S. Steel)

POLITICAL IN-FIGHTING

Insurgents vs. Old Guard

TARIFF

(Payne-Aldrich Act)

“Uncle Joe” Cannon

Ballinger-Pinchot Affair

A Divided Party and Congress

Shadow of TR


Give taft a second chance

GIVE TAFT A SECOND CHANCE!

  • I’m NOT Theodore Roosevelt – the “mad messiah.”

  • No meddling in the legislative process (respect of checks and balances).

  • Legalistic approach to the presidency with a judicial temperament (no bending the rules).

  • Thorough and painstaking decision making (thoughtful use of presidential powers).

  • Experience in world affairs (Governor of the Philippines).

  • Arbitration of international disputes and “dollars for bullets.”

  • A non-aggressive approach to conservation.

  • Hopefully, a less politically divided Washington, D.C.


Wilson 1912

WILSON1912


Roosevelt

Woodrow Wilson and The Democratic Party PRESENT

THENEW FREEDOM

  • A temporary expansion of the power of the federal government.

  • Restore competition rather than regulate monopolies.

  • Eliminate ALL trusts, lower tariffs, and break up concentrated financial power on Wall Street.

  • Turn over most social programs to the states and cities.

  • Once completed, government reverts to Jeffersonian vision (SMALL GOV’T = stay out of people’s lives).


What i will do

What I Will Do…

  • FOR THE ECONOMY…

  • Lower the tariff and include an income tax.

  • Underwood-Simmons Tariff (1916)

  • Create a new banking system that will improve our currency with “banker’s banks.” *

  • Federal Reserve Act (1913)

  • Create a Federal Trade Commission to define unfair trade practices and issue “cease and desist” orders.

  • Federal Trade Commission (1914)

  • Strengthen anti-trust laws.

  • Clayton Antitrust Act (1914)

  • Support low-interest loans for farmers and internal improvements at federal expense.

  • Federal Farm Loan Act, Warehouse Act, and the Federal Highways Act (1916)


Roosevelt

What I Will Do…

  • FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE…

  • Endorse state action for women’s suffrage.

  • No national amendment.

  • Support state action on child labor.

  • No national legislation at first.

  • Support an 8-hour workday for railroad employees.

  • Only with the Election of 1916 looming.

  • Eliminate “possible friction” in the workplace by racially segregating federal employees.

  • Opposition to black voting rights (dumb whites, too).

  • Appoint Louis D. Brandeis to the Supreme Court.

  • Champion of social justice and 1st Jewish member.


Debs 1912

DEBS 1912


Roosevelt

Eugene V. Debs

WANTS

SOCIALISM

  • An assault on capitalism (Overthrow?).

  • Legal seizure of political power by the working class.

  • Change the present social order.

  • Progressivism is simply an apology for the crimes of capitalism.

  • * By far, Debs was the most RADICAL candidate in the Election of 1912!


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