Before the EU. Foundation:Schuman 9/5/50 ECSC 1951-1952-1993EDC 1950-1954EEC1957-1958-19931958-1972 :HOPE: benign, Hallstein, CAP, 1965,1968 Customs Union, British Veto 1963/1967,The Hague1972-1984:STAGNATION:1973 Yom Kippur, 19791984-1991: Renewed dynamism, SEA1991- Maastricht. 1990's. MaastrichtEnlargementEuroReform
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1. The EU : three pillars
2. Before the EU Foundation:
Schuman 9/5/50 ECSC 1951-1952-1993
1958-1972 :HOPE: benign, Hallstein, CAP, 1965,1968 Customs Union, British Veto 1963/1967,The Hague
1972-1984:STAGNATION:1973 Yom Kippur, 1979
1984-1991: Renewed dynamism, SEA
3. 1990’s Maastricht
4. Structure of EU Origins – always political
TEU – Maastricht (1991) 1992 1993
Nice 2000 2003
Constitution or reform or…..
May 2005 French ‘No’ June Dutch No
‘On’ not ‘Of’
Pillars : 3 or 3½ or 4?
5. EU Different systems
– Economic - Customs Union,SEA,CAP,CCP,Competition,
Development,EMU,Fisheries, Regional Policy,Energy,Environment ,Transport
Role of Commission, Council,EP & ECJ
6. Laws EU
‘A regulation shall have general application. It shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.’
‘ A directive shall be binding, as to the result to be achieved, upon each Member State to which it is addressed, but shall leave to the national authorities the choice of form and methods.’
‘ A decision shall be binding in its entirety upon those to whom it is addressed.’
‘ Recommendations and opinions shall have no binding force.’
7. CFSP Commission,EP and ECJ cf Council
NO ART. V
8. STRATEGIES/JOINT ACTIONS/COMMON POSITIONS
OPERATIONAL MILITARY CAPABILITY?
9. WHY PROBLEMATICAL?