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1 - OSHA Update 2 - Computer Workstations Our Experience 3 - Ed Boards. Brett Besser - Ergonomist Salt Lake Technical Center - OSHA. OSHA Update. Outreach. e-Tools Stand Alone Best Practices Safety and Health Topics Pages Mini-Google Searches Other Products Tool Box Talks Fact Sheets

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1 osha update 2 computer workstations our experience 3 ed boards

1 - OSHA Update2 - Computer Workstations Our Experience3 - Ed Boards

Brett Besser - Ergonomist

Salt Lake Technical Center - OSHA

DTS



Outreach
Outreach

  • e-Tools

    • Stand Alone Best Practices

  • Safety and Health Topics Pages

    • Mini-Google Searches

  • Other Products

    • Tool Box Talks

    • Fact Sheets

    • Tip Sheets

    • Success Stories

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Others working on ergo
Others Working on Ergo

  • American Occupational Health Nurses

  • Association of Occupational Health Prof

  • American Dental Association

  • Society for Diagnostic Medical Sonography

  • American Forest and Paper and Paper and Pulp Association

  • Crane, Hoist, and Monorail Alliance

  • Foundry Association of America

  • Independent Electrical Contractors

  • Precision Metalforming Association

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E tools review and modification
E-Tools Review and Modification

  • Hospital and Healthcare

    • Primary – Workplace Violence, bloodborne, Laser Plumes, Ergo

      • AOHP – “Beyond Getting Started”

      • http://www.aohp.org/About/documents/GSBeyond.pdf

      • AOHN – “Ergo Resources”

      • http://www.ergoresources.org/

    • SDMS – Developing their own module for Hospital eTool

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E tools review and modification1
E-Tools Review and Modification

  • Hospital

    • SDMS – “Industry Standards for the Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders in Sonography”

    • Taking their document and turning it into a stand alone module

      • Clinical Services

        • Radiology

        • Physical Therapy

        • Sonography

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E tools review and modification2
E-Tools Review and Modification

  • Electrical Contractors – IEC

    • Review e-Tool in 2007

  • Baggage Handling

    • Alliance Emphasized Employees Helping Themselves

      • Stretching

        • Not Supported by Literature

        • Some Support for Warm-up

        • Currently trying to come to a consensus on this.

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Tool box talks fact sheet
Tool Box Talks, Fact Sheet

  • Lifting & Carrying – CHMA (crane, hoist, monorail)

    • Employee Guidelines for Safe Carrying and Transporting Loads

    • Management Guidelines for Safe Carrying and Transporting Loads

    • Hazard Evaluation Checklist for Lifting, Carrying, Pushing or Pulling

    • Alternates to Manual handling of Individual Containers

  • Computer Issues – NTSP

    • Laptop Computers

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Tool box talks fact sheet1
Tool Box Talks, Fact Sheet

  • ADA - Hand Pain

    • Ergo Tips–Hand Pain

  • Forging Industry Assoc

    • Reduce the Risk of Back Injuries Tips Sheet

  • Precision Metal-Forming Assoc.

    • PMA Ergonomics Checklist

    • PMA Reduce the Risk of Back Injuries

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Success stories
Success Stories

  • American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA) andPulp and Paper Safety Association (PPSA)

    • Cart to Transport Heavier Items Long Distances (Aug. 2007)

    • Clearing Product Jams (May 2008)

    • Emptying Cutter Scrap Receptacles (May 2008)

    • Glue Table for Paper Roll Headers (July 2007)

    • Inserting Spindle into Paper Roll (July 2007)

    • Moving Paper Rolls (May 2008)

    • Operation for Cap Sheets and Corner Post (May 2008)

    • Plastic Strap Spool Assembly (May 2008)

    • Replacing Wire Spool on Baler (May 2008)

    • Stacking Corrugated Boxes with Corner Stacker (July 2007)

    • Transport and Instillation of Bailing Wire Coil (Aug. 2007)

    • Transporting Cutting Dies with Hand Truck (Oct. 2006)

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Success stories1
Success Stories

  • NTSP

    • Asset Distribution Facility

    • Dual Monitors

    • Ladders

  • Standard Format – Developed Waiting for Final Approval

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Success stories2

Standard Format

Company Name

Industry

Task

# of Employees

Success Brief

Narrative of the Problem

Narrative of the Solution

Narrative of Impact

Pictures

Before and After

Success Stories

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Success stories3
Success Stories

  • http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/ergonomics/success_stories.html

  • http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/compliance_assistance/success_stories.html#Success

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Let me tell you a story
Let Me Tell You a Story

  • Completely new Building in 2004

  • Open Architecture

    • Cube Farm

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Our advantages
Our Advantages

  • Desks are Assigned to a Person

    • No Sharing

  • Few People Work Exclusively at the Desk

  • Already Had Adjustable Seating

  • Ergonomist on Staff

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Our disadvantages
Our Disadvantages

  • GSA

    • Provides a Designer Who Has A Supplier

    • They come in and Tell you what vendor to use

      • #1 - Prison Products

    • Little Chance for Specification – Unless You Know What You Want

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The way we really are
The Way We Really Are

  • 6’5” to 4’10”

  • 30ish to 80ish

  • Full Time to 10% Computer Users

  • Laptop to Multi Screen Desk Top

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Standard paradigm aesthetics over functionality
Standard Paradigm Aesthetics over Functionality

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Traditional approach
Traditional Approach

  • Office Designer Is Turned Loose

  • Provide a Standard (fixed-height Workstation That Looks Great

  • Receive Complaints or log injuries

  • Modify with Add-ons (Band-Aids) to make furniture useable

    • Keyboard tray

    • Foot rests

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Workstation guidelines
Workstation Guidelines

  • Computer Workstation e-Tool

    • www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/

      computerworkstations/index.html

    • ANSI-HFES 100-1988

    • BSR-HFES 100 - Human Factors Engineering of Computer Workstations – 03/2002

      • Final Release - 10/2007

  • Personal Experience

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Workstation guidelines1
Workstation Guidelines

  • Wanted a Workstation to Accommodate These Postures

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What we wanted
What We Wanted

  • Aesthetically Pleasing

  • Adjustable To Fit Staff

    • No Keyboard Trays

      • Unstable and Puts Monitor too High

      • Expensive ($75-$450)

      • Good for Multi-User or Current Equip

    • No Footrests

      • Anchors and Limits Movement

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What we wanted1
What We Wanted

  • Under work surface height 22” to 28”

  • Monitor so gaze angle is 15 to 20 degrees below

  • Corner Monitor Placement Proper Body Postures

  • Straight Leading Edge to Limit Reaches

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Our approach
Our Approach

  • Basic Premise - Feet flat on the floor

  • Test Sit

    • We had 3 Stand-Alone Height Adjustable Desks

    • Created 24”, 26”, and 28” Sample

      • Asked all to test at different heights

      • Subtle Counseling on Desirable Parameters -

      • Ordered to Their Desires

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Whoa wait a minute
Whoa – Wait a Minute

  • Met With A Little Resistance

    • Staff

    • Vendors

    • Management

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Resistance
Resistance

  • Staff

    • Felt Shorter Desk was Degrading

    • Wanted Maximum Storage

      • Lower = Less

    • Dual Duty – Reading/Writing and Computer

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Resistance1
Resistance

  • Manufacture Resisted Lowering

    • Also Had Installation Crew

      • More Time and Oversight

    • Custom Ordering of Equipment

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Resistance2
Resistance

  • Vendor Convinced Management that Rounded was more Feng Shui

  • They Had These Pieces in Stock

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Resistance3
Resistance

  • Management

    • Management Wanted the Look of Rounded Corners

    • Afraid of the Hodge-Podge Look

    • Minimize the hassle of special orders.

      • There would be Continued special order as employees moved.

DTS



Score 1 for function
Score 1 For Function

  • Split the Work Top

    • Computer Area

    • Paper Work Area

    • Storage Area

DTS


Created a keyboard corner
Created a Keyboard Corner

  • 24” Floor to Bottom of table – Lowest

  • Still Maintained Storage

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7 separate work configurations
7 Separate Work Configurations

  • 24” Lowest - 4’10” to 5”6” 23%

  • 25” - 4’10” to 5”6” 6%

  • 26” - 5’4” to 6’ 4%

  • 27” - 5’4” to 6’ 2%

  • 28” - 5’6” to 6” 2” 4%

  • 30”- Std - 5”10” to 6’4” 63%

  • 31” - - 6’2” to 6’7” 2%

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Score 1 for aesthetics
Score 1 for Aesthetics

  • Went on Vacation and the Vendors took Over

  • Scramble to Accommodate

    • Removed Chair Arms

    • Turned Arms Around

    • Lowered Arms to Be Same as Desk Height

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What we accomplished
What We Accomplished

  • 100% Satisfaction – Especially Shorter

    • Reduced Neck Fatigue

    • Reduced Wrist and Forearm Pain

    • Reduced Pain In Legs

  • Fine Tune the Desk Heights and Chairs on an Ongoing Basis.

    • Have Lowered 10 More Since Initial Setup

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Osha e tools and topics pages

OSHA e-Tools and Topics Pages

You Are The Answer

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Osha electronic products
OSHA Electronic Products

e-Tools & Topics Pages

Help Workers Help Themselves

DTS


What are they www osha gov
What Are They(www.osha.gov)

  • eTools are "stand-alone," interactive, Web-based training tools on occupational safety and health topics. They are highly illustrated and utilize graphical menus…....

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What are they
What Are They

  • The OSHA Safety and Health Topics website has assembled a wide variety of information on more than 150 topics to provide users relevant reference materials including standards, directives, training materials, etc.

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Living document
Living Document

We Need Your Help

Option #1

General Readership Input

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Living document1
Living Document

  • IF YOU HAVE TECHNICAL QUESTIONS ON USE OF THE OSHA WEB SITE

    • Electronic Mail Form

    • Website Error Report

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Option 2 editorial boards
Option #2Editorial Boards

Living Document

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Ed boards
Ed Boards

  • Federal Employee as Editor

  • Anyone With Interest and Knowledge as a Board Member

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Thank you
Thank You

  • Brett Besser

    Salt Lake Technical Center

    8660 South Sandy Parkway

    Salt Lake City, UT 84070

    801-233-4911

    besser.brett@dol.gov

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