From eml to learning design planned os implementations focusing on reload
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from EML to Learning Design & Planned OS Implementations focusing on RELOAD. Bill Olivier Director, CETIS. OU Netherlands EML. In 1997 OUNL: strategic decision to provide eLearning as key to their future development 3 year internally funded R&D programme

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From eml to learning design planned os implementations focusing on reload

from EML to Learning Design & Planned OS Implementationsfocusing onRELOAD

Bill Olivier

Director, CETIS


Ou netherlands eml

OU Netherlands EML

  • In 1997 OUNL: strategic decision to provide eLearning as key to their future development

  • 3 year internally funded R&D programme

  • Many pedagogies already in use at the OUNL needed to be supported. How?

  • Extensive research into pedagogies (100+)

  • Abstracted a common meta-language:the Educational Modelling Language – EML

  • Use EML to describe the learning process

  • Core of the language:

    People engage in Activities with Resources


Ou netherlands eml1

OU Netherlands EML

People engage in Activities with Resources

Elaborating the core elements of the EML:

  • People: one or many, learners or staff

    • At design time, don’t know who

    • But can specify the ‘Roles’ they are to play

  • Activities: description + structured info

    • ‘learning objectives’; prerequisites; metadata

  • Resources: learning objects & services

    • EML has many types of object

    • This got simplified in Learning Design

      Many Roles, objects & services need to beco-ordinated in a ‘learning flow’


Ou netherlands eml2

OU Netherlands EML

What kinds of Learning?

  • Integrate use of content and discussions or more complex collaborative services

  • Support group learning where people engage in either:

    • The same things at different times

    • Different things at the same time

  • Support different types of learning

    • Problem-based & Project-based Learning

    • Tightly controlled Programmed Learning

    • Loosely controlled Role Play Learning

    • Etc.


Ou netherlands eml3

OU Netherlands EML

  • EML went through 3 cycles of: specification-implementation-refinement

    • Too general: described many pedagogies, but not enough functionality/detail to be useful

    • Too specific: Now useful but limited range of pedagogies

    • “Just right”: could describe a wide range of approaches with enough to be useful

  • EML v1.0 was made public in Dec 2000

  • Key Questions:Will implementations provide enough? If not will future version be more complicated? – too complicated?


From eml to learning design planned os implementations focusing on reload

IMS

  • IMS also started in 1997

  • By end of 2000 IMS had developed:

    • Metadata (to describe learning content & objects)

    • Enterprise (to pass enrolments & return results)

    • Content Packaging (to transfer & display content)

    • QTI (to describe portable tests and return results)

    • LIP (to describe learners and their learning)

  • But nothing to describe the learning process itself

  • CETIS had argued in IMS for the need to also support multi-person models of learning

  • and saw IMS & OUNL specs as complementary


From eml to learning design planned os implementations focusing on reload

IMS

  • Instructional -> Learning Design WG, 2001

  • Ambitious scope – Framework:

    • To describe learning processes

    • Support different approaches to learning

    • Multi-user as well as single learner

    • Portable, searchable, reusable, etc.

  • …but couldn’t develop from scratch in 1 year

  • July 2001, WG accepted EML as input specification from which to build

  • Problem: EML very large. Solution:

    • Drop EML’s Content Description (DocBook derived)

    • Use IMS Content Packaging to hold ‘web content’


Extends ims content packaging

Extends IMS Content Packaging

  • The Learning Design Specification suggests:

    • Learning Design goes into the CP Organizations element

    • It replaces the simple Organization/Item ‘Finder-style’ tree structure with a richer more developed structure

    • existing Content Packages can be re-used by reference or by including them as sub-manifests

  • Conceptually LD wraps the content with:

    • Multiple roles and coordinated activities

    • Learning Objectives and Prerequisites are integral

  • It adds Services – currently the main ones are:

    • send-mail

    • conference


Where ld goes in a content package

Where LD goes in a Content Package

IMS Content Package

(imsmanifest.xml)

manifest

metadata

organizations

learning-design

resources

manifest

(sub-manifests of included sub-packages)


Main parts of learning design

Main Parts of Learning Design

Core elements of theLD Language

Multi-player, multi-resource co-ordination

learning-design

title

learning-objective

prerequisites*

components

roles*

activities*

environments*

method

play*

act*

role-parts*

metadata

(* = there may be many of these)


The dynamics of learning design

The Dynamics of Learning Design

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Act 4

Act 5

Role-part 1

Role-part 2

Role-part 3

Role-part …

Environment

Learning objects

Learning services

Role

Activity

method

play

Activity-

Description

components


Sub parts of learning design

Sub Parts of Learning Design

components

roles

learner*

staff*

activities

learning-activity*

environment-ref*

activity-description

support-activity*

activity-structure* {sequence|selection}

environment-ref*

activity-ref*

activity-structure-ref*

environments

environment*

learning-object*

service*

mail-send*

conference*

environment-ref*

method

play*

act*

role-parts*

role-ref

activity-ref

xxxxx-refa reference is like an arrow pointing to another object.

There can be several references to one object. (cf a Windows alias).

References allow an object to be (re-) used in several places.

(*= there may be many of these)


Including cps scos in ld

Including CPs & SCOs in LD

  • Ways of using CP with LD

    • As just seen: Use CP to package LD

    • Include CPs as sub-manifests

    • Reference CPs as files in the same package

    • Reference CPs as external entities via URL

  • Ways of using SCOs with LD

    • Could include LD as an alternative Organization

      and include SCORM enabled content

    • Include SCOs as sub-manifests

    • Reference SCOs as files in the same package

    • Reference SCOs as external entities via URL

  • When referencing other LDs, CPs & SCOs,

    need to use agreed Resource type identifiers


Accommodating simple sequencing

Accommodating Simple Sequencing

  • IMS Learning Design has 3 Levels:

    • Level A is the core language

    • Level B adds properties and conditions to Level A

    • Level C adds notifications to Level B

  • Why?

    • To allow staged implementations

    • To accommodate Simple Sequencing

    • Particularly for vendors that have already implemented Simple Sequencing

  • By making properties & conditions optional, hooks can be added to include SS instead.


Accommodating simple sequencing1

Accommodating Simple Sequencing

  • BUT - SS has a single-user model- LD has a multi-user model

  • SS included where LD supports a single userworking with content

  • LD properties and conditions provide greater generality

    • supports variables

    • Has generic if-then-else structure

  • They are single and multi-user in scope

  • Simple Sequencing aimed for an 80:20

    • 80% of (single user) cases

    • 20% of the commands


Example of project based learning

Example of Project-based Learning

How might a learning design play out in an example


Example of project based learning1

Example of Project-based Learning

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Act 4

Act 5

Role-part 1

Intro

Learner

Read

Introduction

Intro Resources

Overview, Approach and Main Tasks

play


Example of project based learning2

Example of Project-based Learning

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Act 4

Act 5

Role-part 2

Intro

Teacher

Read

Introduction &Teacher Notes

Intro Resources

Overview, Approach and Main Tasks

Teacher Notes

play


Example of project based learning3

Example of Project-based Learning

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Act 4

Act 5

Role-part 3

Planning

Learner

Agree Goals & Divide Tasks into the following groups:

1. …

Planning Resources

Conference System

Guidelines

Hidden Resources (initially invisible)

play


Example of project based learning4

Example of Project-based Learning

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Act 4

Act 5

Role-part 4

Planning

Teacher

Monitor

Planning discussions.

Make hidden resources visible as necessary

Planning Resources

Conference System

Guidelines

Hidden Resources (visible to teacher)

play


Example of project based learning5

Example of Project-based Learning

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Act 4

Act 5

Role-part 5

Role-part 6

Role-part 7

Research 1

Research Group 1

Research

Group 2

Research 1

Research 1

Research

Group 3

Search Internet for…

Search Internet for…

Search Internet for…

Planning Resources

Initial research links. Links to search engines

+ online databases

Planning Resources

Initial research links. Links to search engines

+ online databases

Research Resources

Initial research links. Links to search engines

online databases

play


Example of project based learning6

Example of Project-based Learning

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Act 4

Act 5

Role-part 5

Research

Teacher

Model research thinking &

search techniques

Research Resources

Initial research links. Links to search engines

online databases

play


Example of project based learning7

Example of Project-based Learning

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Act 4

Act 5

Role-part 8

Design

Learner

Share found Resources.

Design Web site on subject X

Design Resources

Conference System

Design Tools Help

Hidden Resources (initially invisible)

play


Example of project based learning8

Example of Project-based Learning

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Act 4

Act 5

Role-part 9

Design

Teacher

Monitor Design discussions

Make hidden resources visible as necessary

Design Resources

Conference System

Design Tools Help

Hidden Resources (visible to teacher)

play


Example of project based learning9

Example of Project-based Learning

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Act 4

Act 5

Role-part 10

Evaluate

Learner

Evaluate reaction of peers to your Website

(f2f)

Send evaluations to Assessor

Evaluation

Conference System

Evaluation Forms

Email Assessor

play


Example of project based learning10

Example of Project-based Learning

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Act 4

Act 5

Role-part 11

Evaluate

Teacher

Monitor f2f evaluation as necessary

Add redesign loops as needed

Notify Assessor

Evaluation

Conference System

Design Tools Help

Email Assessor

play


Example of project based learning11

Example of Project-based Learning

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Act 4

Act 5

Role-part 12

Evaluate

Assessor

Assess websites and return results

email Teacher

Evaluation

Email Teacher

play


What might ld look like

What might LD look like?

1. Participant’s Browser View of a Live Learning Design


What might ld look like1

What might LD look like?

Act 5

Act 6

Completed

next

Participant’s Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 4

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Role: Researcher 1

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 3.1

Activity 3.2

Activity 4


What might ld look like2

What might LD look like?

Act 5

Act 6

Completed

next

Participant’s Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 4

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Role: Researcher 1

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 3.1

Activity 3.2

Activity 4

Description

……….

…..

…………….

Resources

Object 1

Object 2

Service 1


What might ld look like3

What might LD look like?

Act 5

Act 6

Completed

next

Participant’s Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 4

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Role: Researcher 1

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 3.1

Activity 3.2

Activity 4

Description

……….

…..

…………….

Resources

Object 1

Object 2

Service 1

View panel for Service


What might ld look like4

What might LD look like?

Act 5

Act 6

Completed

next

Participant’s Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 4

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Role: Researcher 1

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 3.1

Activity 3.2

Activity 4

Description

…… …. … ..

….. ….. …………

……… …….

…. …. ……….


What might ld look like5

What might LD look like?

Act 5

Act 6

Completed

next

Participant’s Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 4

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Role: Researcher 1

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 3.1

Activity 3.2

Activity 4

Description

…… …. … ..

….. ….. …………

……… …….

…. …. ……….

Resources

Object 10


What might ld look like6

What might LD look like?

Act 5

Act 6

Completed

next

Participant’s Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 4

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Role: Researcher 1

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 3.1

Activity 3.2

Activity 4

Description

…… …. … ..

….. ….. …………

……… …….

…. …. ……….

Resources

Object 10

View panel for Object 10


What might ld look like7

What might LD look like?

Act 6

Completed

Participant’s Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 4

Act 1

Act 2

Act 3

Act 5

Role: Learner

Activities

Activity 5

Activity 5.1

Activity 5.2

Activity 5.3

Activity 6

Activity 7

done


What might ld look like8

What might LD look like?

2. Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder


What might ld look like9

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like10

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Environment 3

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like11

What might LD look like?

drag

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Environment 3

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like12

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Environment 3

Resource 1

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like13

What might LD look like?

drag

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Environment 3

Resource 1

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like14

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Environment 3

Resource 1

Resource 3

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like15

What might LD look like?

drag

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Environment 3

Resource 1

Resource 3

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like16

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Environment 3

Resource 1

Resource 3

Resource 5

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like17

What might LD look like?

drag

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Environment 3

Resource 1

Resource 3

Resource 5

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like18

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Environment 3

Resource 1

Resource 3

Resource 5

Conference 1

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like19

What might LD look like?

drag

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Environment 3

Resource 1

Resource 3

Resource 5

Conference 1

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like20

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Environment 3

Resource 1

Resource 3

Resource 5

Conference 1

Send-Mail 1

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like21

What might LD look like?

drag

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Environment 3

Resource 1

Resource 3

Resource 5

Conference 1

Send-Mail 1

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like22

What might LD look like?

done

Author’s View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5

Environment 3

Resource 1

Resource 3

Resource 5

Conference 1

Send-Mail 1

Environment 5

Services

Send-Mail Tmpt

Conference Tmpt

Conference 1

Conference 2

Conference 3

Send-Mail 1

Resources

Resource 1

Resource 2

Resource 3

Resource 4

Resource 5

Resource 6

…….


What might ld look like23

What might LD look like?

3. Author’s View of an LD Activity Builder


What might ld look like24

What might LD look like?

Author’s View of an LD Activity Builder

Activity Editor

Activity Title:

Research 1

/ Choose \ / View \ / Edit \

Learning Objective:

URL

Prerequisites:

URL

Description:

URL

Metadata:

Environments:

Environment 1


What might ld look like25

What might LD look like?

4. Author’s View of an LD Activity-structure Builder


What might ld look like26

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor

Activity-Structures

Activity-Struct 1

Activity-Struct 2

Activity-Struct 3

Activity-Struct 4

Activities

Environments


What might ld look like27

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor

Activity-structure 3

Activity-Structures

Activity-Struct 1

Activity-Struct 2

Activity-Struct 3

Activity-Struct 4

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 4

Activity 5

Activity 6

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5


What might ld look like28

What might LD look like?

drag

Author’s View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor

Activity-structure 3

Activity-Structures

Activity-Struct 1

Activity-Struct 2

Activity-Struct 3

Activity-Struct 4

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 4

Activity 5

Activity 6

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5


What might ld look like29

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor

Activity-structure 3

Activity 5

Activity-Structures

Activity-Struct 1

Activity-Struct 2

Activity-Struct 3

Activity-Struct 4

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 4

Activity 5

Activity 6

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5


What might ld look like30

What might LD look like?

drag

Author’s View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor

Activity-structure 3

Activity 5

Activity-Structures

Activity-Struct 1

Activity-Struct 2

Activity-Struct 3

Activity-Struct 4

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 4

Activity 5

Activity 6

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5


What might ld look like31

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor

Activity-structure 3

Activity 5

Activity 6

Activity-Structures

Activity-Struct 1

Activity-Struct 2

Activity-Struct 3

Activity-Struct 4

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 4

Activity 5

Activity 6

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5


What might ld look like32

What might LD look like?

drag

Author’s View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor

Activity-structure 3

Activity 5

Activity 6

Activity-Structures

Activity-Struct 1

Activity-Struct 2

Activity-Struct 3

Activity-Struct 4

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 4

Activity 5

Activity 6

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5


What might ld look like33

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor

Activity-structure 3

Activity 5

Activity 6

Activity Structure 4

Activity-Structures

Activity-Struct 1

Activity-Struct 2

Activity-Struct 3

Activity-Struct 4

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 4

Activity 5

Activity 6

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5


What might ld look like34

What might LD look like?

drag

Author’s View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor

Activity-structure 3

Activity 5

Activity 6

Activity Structure 4

Activity-Structures

Activity-Struct 1

Activity-Struct 2

Activity-Struct 3

Activity-Struct 4

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 4

Activity 5

Activity 6

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5


What might ld look like35

What might LD look like?

done

Author’s View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor

Activity-structure 3

Activity 5

Activity 6

Activity Structure 4

Environment 5

Activity-Structures

Activity-Struct 1

Activity-Struct 2

Activity-Struct 3

Activity-Struct 4

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Activity 4

Activity 5

Activity 6

Environments

Environment 1

Environment 2

Environment 3

Environment 4

Environment 5


What might ld look like36

What might LD look like?

5. Author’s View of an LD Play/Act/Role-part Builder


What might ld look like37

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor

Acts:

Plays:

Play 1

+

Add Play


What might ld look like38

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor

Acts:

Plays:

Add Act

Act 1

Play 1

+

Add Play

On Completion:

Complete When:


What might ld look like39

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor

Acts:

Plays:

Act 1

Add Act

Role-parts:

Role-part 1

Add Role-part

Role:

Roles:

Play 1

+

Add Play

Activity:

On Completion:

Complete When:


What might ld look like40

What might LD look like?

“edit”

Author’s View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor

Acts:

Plays:

Act 1

Add Act

Role-parts:

Role-part 1

Add Role-part

Role:

Roles:

Learner

Researcher 1

Researcher 2

Researcher 3

Researcher 4

Researcher 5

Staff

Teacher

Assessor

Play 1

+

Add Play

Activity:

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity-Structures

Research Activities 1

Research Activities 2

On Completion:

Complete When:


What might ld look like41

What might LD look like?

next

Author’s View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor

Acts:

Plays:

Act 1

Add Act

Role-parts:

Research 1

Add Role-part

Role:

Roles:

Learner

Researcher 1

Researcher 2

Researcher 3

Researcher 4

Researcher 5

Staff

Teacher

Assessor

Play 1

+

Add Play

Activity:

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity-Structures

Research Activities 1

Research Activities 2

On Completion:

Complete When:


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What might LD look like?

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Author’s View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor

Acts:

Plays:

Act 1

Add Act

Role-parts:

Research 1

Add Role-part

Role:

Roles:

Learner

Researcher 1

Researcher 2

Researcher 3

Researcher 4

Researcher 5

Staff

Teacher

Assessor

Play 1

+

Add Play

Activity:

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity-Structures

Research Activities1

Research Activities 2

On Completion:

Complete When:


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What might LD look like?

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Author’s View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor

Acts:

Plays:

Act 1

Add Act

Role-parts:

Research 1

Add Role-part

Role:

Researcher 1

Roles:

Learner

Researcher 1

Researcher 2

Researcher 3

Researcher 4

Researcher 5

Staff

Teacher

Assessor

Play 1

+

Add Play

Activity:

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity-Structures

Research Activities 1

Research Activities 2

On Completion:

Complete When:


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What might LD look like?

drag

Author’s View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor

Acts:

Plays:

Act 1

Add Act

Role-parts:

Research 1

Add Role-part

Role:

Researcher 1

Roles:

Learner

Researcher 1

Researcher 2

Researcher 3

Researcher 4

Researcher 5

Staff

Teacher

Assessor

Play 1

+

Add Play

Activity:

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity-Structures

Research Activities 1

Research Activities 2

On Completion:

Complete When:


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What might LD look like?

done

Author’s View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor

Acts:

Plays:

Act 1

Add Act

Role-parts:

Research 1

Add Role-part

Role:

Researcher 1

Roles:

Learner

Researcher 1

Researcher 2

Researcher 3

Researcher 4

Researcher 5

Staff

Teacher

Assessor

Play 1

+

Add Play

Activity:

Research Activities 1

Activities

Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity-Structures

Research Activities 1

Research Activities 2

On Completion:

Complete When:


From eml to learning design planned os implementations focusing on reload

An extended Role-Play as an example of using

Learning Design Level A


The versailles role play

The Versailles Role-play

Example submitted by LTScotland to Learning Design WG

A multi-school, -team, -player, blended learning, 8 week role-play of the Treaty of Versailles in 3 main parts:

  • Preparation

    • Each school has six teams each playing a nation

      • UK, France, USA, Poland, Italy, Serbia

    • Use online system for background research

      • Given each country’s negotiation objectives

      • History, maps and other links & materials

    • f2f, in each school, prepare for & run a trial negotiation

    • Each country, across all schools, prepare their strategy

  • Negotiation Day

    • Main Negotiation Chamber & 15 ‘side-rooms’

    • Agreements posted as negotiations proceed. Review @ end.

  • Post-Negotiation Reflection

    • Each country prepares a website

    • What the outcomes of the Treaty means to their country


From eml to learning design planned os implementations focusing on reload

Learning Design Level B & Level C


Learning design level b

Learning Design Level B

  • Level B Properties

    • Local: to the ‘run’ of current LD instance

    • General Property- Unit of Learning as a whole

    • Person Property- each individual user

    • Role Property- all members of a role

    • Global: persist across LD instance runs

    • General Property- Unit of Learning as a whole

    • Person Property- each individual user

    • Property Groups

    • Groups a set of Properties of the same type

    • May contain (sub) Property Groups


Learning design level b1

Learning Design Level B

  • Structure of a Property

    • Title

    • Datatype

      • Integer, real, boolean, date, file, duration, etc.

    • Value (runtime)

  • Equivalent structures are used in

    • IMS QTI results

    • IMS LIP (Learner Information Package) Activity.Outcomes

  • To be explored:

    • how to integrate these in practice


Learning design level c

Learning Design Level C

  • Notifications

  • Can be used to send messages

  • BUT also to set values at runtime

    • This gives a degree of dynamic control over the run of a learning design instance

    • But requires knowledge of:a) the properties in the Unit of Learningb) the conditions that will act on them


Current developments

Current Developments

Open Source Reference Implementations,

mainly focused on the RELOAD Project


Valkenburg reload

Valkenburg & RELOAD

  • Valkenburg Group formed March 2002

  • International membership focused on EML/LD

  • Aim: to share development of

    • authoring systems

    • runtime systems

  • RELOAD Project in JISC X4L Program

    • Partners: Bolton Institute & Strathclyde Univ.

    • LD from Nov 03 to July 04. Maybe 1yr extension

  • Based on RELOAD editor/Colloquia P2P LMS:

    • Now: a complete IMS Content Packaging & MD tool

    • SCORM 1.2 editor and runtime + ADL integrating SS

    • July 04: Learning Design – Level A

    • Next Phase: Level B & C + enhance UI & operation


Valkenburg reload1

Valkenburg & RELOAD

  • RELOAD under MIT Open Source licence

    • To encourage all kinds of implementation

    • Open source reference implementation

  • Proposal: develop LD within the Valkenburg Group

  • Others currently planning to implement LD:

    • OUNL (existing EML implementations / LD engine)

    • University of Calgary

    • UC Berkeley

    • LionShare (large Mellon P2P Repository Project)

    • LAMS (an up & running “LD inspired” editor and runtime player from WebMCQ in Australia)

  • Exploring form an Open Source partnership


Current status of reload

Current Status of RELOAD

Completed:

  • IMS, IEEE LOM and UK LOM Core editors

  • IMS Content Packaging editor and player

  • ADL SCORM 1.2 editor

  • ADL SCORM 1.2 player

    • Single user web server

    • Runs on Macs and Linux as well as PCs

    • To be included in Colloquia for disconnected learning

  • UKeU editor

    Completed by Others :

  • VDEX editor by Heriott-Watt University

  • Simple Sequencing/ SCORM 1.3 editor, first release at upcoming Plugfest by ADL


The existing reload editor architecture

The Existing RELOAD Editor Architecture

Tree Table UI

Form View UI

CP UI

SCORM UI

LD UI

XML Configuration files

XML Configuration files

Plug-in Editor Interface

XML Configuration files

Views

Controller/s

Controller

mapped to DOM

Default View Generator

JDOM / JAXP wrapper

XML Schema

DOM

Editor DOM Generator

Model

DOM (Xerces)

Castor

IMS CP/MD/SS/LD XML docs

XML Schema

Persistent Store

/ Digital Repository


Telcert content reengineering tool extensions

TELCERT Content Reengineering Tool Extensions

Data Entry Validator

IMS DRI Z39.50 / SRW Interface

Application Profile

XML

Configuration File(s)

Tree Table UI

XML Internationalisation files

Enhanced

Form View UI

Further Spec UIs

Further Standards UIs

App Profile UIs

Views

XML Configuration files

XML Configuration files

Plug-in Editor Interface

Additional, Enhanced XML Configuration files

Controller/s

Controller

mapped to DOM

Default View Generator

JDOM / JAXP wrapper

XML Schema

DOM

Model

Editor DOM Generator

DOM (Xerces)

Castor

IMS CP/MD/SS/LD XML docs

XML Schema

IMS VDEX Vocabulary Import

Application ProfileXML Schema

Persistent Store

/ Digital Repository


Multiple ld aspect editors

MultipleLD aspect editors

LD Subset

XML

Configuration Files

Environments

Roles

Role-Parts

Activities

Plays/Acts

Views

XML Configuration files

XML Configuration files

Plug-in Editor Interface

Additional, Enhanced XML Configuration files

Enhanced OUNL LD Data Validator

Controller/s

Controller

mapped to DOM

Default View Generator

JDOM / JAXP wrapper

XML Schema

DOM

Model

Editor DOM Generator

DOM (Xerces)

Castor

IMS CP/MD/SS/LD XML docs

XML Schema

Persistent Store

/ Digital Repository


Possible ld runtime architecture

possible LD Runtime Architecture

Colloquia 1

Co-ordination via P2P messaging

Personal LD engine

Colloquia 2

Colloquia 3

Personal LD engine

Personal LD engine

Colloquia 4

Personal LD engine


Proposed ld runtime architecture

proposed LD Runtime Architecture

Co-ordinationvia Central Service

Multi-player LD Co-ordination Service

(JavaSpaces)

Colloquia 1

Colloquia 2

Colloquia 3

Colloquia 4

Personal LD engine

Personal LD engine

Personal LD engine

Personal LD engine


Reusable ld runtime architecture

reusable LD Runtime Architecture

Reusable in a Web Server-based system

Multi-player LD Co-ordination Service

(JavaSpaces)

Web Server / VLE

Session Servlet 1

Session Servlet 2

Session Servlet 3

Session Servlet 4

Personal LD engine

Personal LD engine

Personal LD engine

Personal LD engine


Reusable ld runtime architecture1

reusable LD Runtime Architecture

Scalable by adding serversfor Cross-site orCross-institution Learning

Multi-player LD Co-ordination Service

(JavaSpaces)

Web Server / LMS 2

Web Server /

LMS 1

Session Servlet 1

Session Servlet 2

Session Servlet 3

Session Servlet 4

Personal LD engine

Personal LD engine

Personal LD engine

Personal LD engine


Unfold project

UNFOLD Project

  • 2 year EC Framework 6 Support Project

  • Aim: facilitate

    • Implementation

    • Effective use

    • Adoption

      of Learning Design

  • Partners

    • University Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona)

    • Bolton Institute/CETIS

    • OU NL


Communities of practice

Communities of Practice

Connected Communities of Practice needed for Spec Adoption

  • UNFOLD

  • Supporting:

  • - Learning Providers

  • - Learning Designers

  • System Developers

  • Feedback to

  • - Spec Developers

‘Blue Skies’ Research and/or Development

Communities of Practice

Domain

Applied Research

Use of LT for Learning

Learning Research

Learning

Providers

Formative Evaluation

Development of ‘Content’

Learning Designers

Formative Evaluation

Hypermedia & Collaboration

Development of Systems

ICT Development

System Developers

Formative Evaluation

Enhancement of Standards

Standards

Developers

Formative Evaluation

Specification R & D


Contacts

Contacts

  • IMS www.imsglobal.org/learningdesign/index.cfm

  • Valkenburg [email protected] (Coordinator)

  • RELOADwww.reload.ac.uk.

    [email protected](Project Manager)

    [email protected](Senior Developer)

  • [email protected](Director)


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