Electricity Demand and IT
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Electricity Demand and IT. Electricity--Driving the New Economy. The electricity consumption of one Electronic Commerce Data Center hosting thousands of servers and high capacity computers. =. Data Center. Six 40 story office buildings. Source: Fortune Magazine , 8/14/00.

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Electricity demand and it

Electricity Demand and IT


Electricity demand and it

Electricity--Driving the New Economy

The electricity consumption of one Electronic Commerce Data Center hosting thousands of servers and high capacity computers

=

Data

Center

Six 40 story office buildings

Source: Fortune Magazine, 8/14/00


Electricity demand and it

Electricity–More Important Than Ever

“The Internet consumed 8 percent of U.S. electric output in 1998, and is responsible for 40 percent of the U.S. load growth over the last 10 years.”

-Robert Nardelli,

CEO, GE Power Systems

“The [demand] battlefield…is in data centers where thousands of servers and other powerful computers are stacked floor to ceiling. A single data center will use as much electricity as six 40-story office buildings. Roughly 20 data centers are currently planned for the Chicago area.”

-Fortune (August 14, 2000)


Electricity demand and it

Electricity--Driving the New Economy

Silicon Valley companies consume as much power as mini-steel mills--and their use is growing over 7% per building per year

A PC and its peripherals boost a home’s electricity consumption 5%

The Web’s infrastructure consumes at least twice as much power as desktop hardware

The amount of power it takes to create, process or transmit a single bit is cut in half about every 18 months--but the number of bits in play is doubling much faster

Source: In Wall St Journal, 9/7/00 Peter Huber (Manhattan Institute); Mills Mark (Competitive Enterprise Institute)


Electricity demand and it

Electricity--Driving the New Economy

The average microchip processing plant uses enough power to run 50,000 U.S. homes

When you look at the servers and computers that back up a wireless Palm Pilot, you find it has the electrical load equivalent of a refrigerator

Oracle has built its own inside the fence power plant and Sun Microsystems and Microsoft are proposing to do so likewise

Power quality is key--power disturbances can cause over 17,000 different computer problems, from frozen cursors to a full crash

Source: Power Research Institute, 7/11/00 Issue 1873


Electricity demand and it

1999 U.S. Electricity Use by Personal Computers

in BKWH

68.0

67.5

23.5

23.0

21.0

Residential

Commercial

Industrial

Total

State of

New Jersey Use

Total

PC Use

Electricity use by personal computers is nearly equal to all the electricity used in the state of New Jersey in 1999

Source: U.S. DOE EIA, 2/4/00


Electricity demand and it

California Electricity Imbalance

1996-99

11,000 MW

12% Increase

5,500 MW

1% Increase

672 MW

Peak Demand

Increase

Powerplant Capacity

Additions

Proposed Capacity

Backlog

Source: CPUC; Electricity Oversight Board


Electricity demand and it

U.S. Peak Electricity Demand Growth

in Gigawatts

625

593

63 GW

562

200

All Others

172

191

SERC

157

149

147

ERCOT

55

51

47

WSCC

113

110

104

100

92

ECAR

92

1995

1997

1999

Peak electricity demand has increased 11% since 1995

Source: Cambridge Energy Research Associates


Electricity demand and it

U.S. Electricity Generationin the Digital Age

Internet Era Begins

Percentage Demand Growth

Through May

Incidence of 3-4% growth per year is increasing

Source: U.S. DOE (EIA); Enron


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