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Welcome to Russia!. Russia used to be called the U.S.S.R. . U.S.S.R stands for Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The U.S.S.R. collapsed in 1991 because of economic struggles and political problems. . Today Russia is called the Russian Federation . Russia Today.

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Russia used to be called the u s s r
Russia used to be called the U.S.S.R.

  • U.S.S.R stands for Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

  • The U.S.S.R. collapsed in 1991 because of economic struggles and political problems.

  • Today Russia is called the Russian Federation.


Russia today
Russia Today

  • Russia is the largest country on the planet.

  • Russia is twice as large as the United States.

  • Russia is located in both Europe and Asia.


Russia s climate vegetation
Russia’s Climate & Vegetation

  • In the northernmost region, winter temperatures stay below zero; summer temperatures are only a little above freezing.

  • Russia’s large forest region is called the taiga.

  • Here the soil is poor, & growing season is short.


Russia s landforms
Russia’s Landforms

  • The steppes in Russia are plains and grasslands with good farming soil.


Russia s landforms1
Russia’s Landforms

  • The northernmost region, called the tundra, is a treeless plain where only grasses and moss grow. The ground is permafrost, or permanently frozen soil.


Russia s natural resources
Russia’s Natural Resources

  • Russia is one of the world’s largest producer of oil.

  • Other natural resources include: forests, coal, copper, gold, diamonds & iron ore (used to make steel). 80% of Russia’s resources are exported.


Russia s government
Russia’s Government

  • The U.S.S.R. was a communist country. (Property & goods are owned in common)

  • Today Russia has a Democratic form of government. (The President is elected by the people.)

Russia’s President is Dimitri Medvedev.


Russia s economy
Russia’s Economy

  • The U.S.S.R. had a Command Economy. (The government owned all the businesses & made decisions about what they could sell.)

  • Today Russia has a Free- Market Economy.


Russia s culture before 1917
Russia’s Culture Before 1917.

  • Before 1917, Russia was one country with many ethnic groups.

  • People could practice religion freely.

  • They had artistic freedom. Writers & composers like Leo Tolstoy & Peter Tchaikovsky created great works.

Peter Tchaikovsky composed the music for Sleeping Beauty & The Nutcracker.


Culture of the soviet union
Culture of the Soviet Union

  • During the years of communism, people were forbidden to practice religion.

  • Artists were repressed.

  • Only art allowed was propaganda. (materials designed to support communism)


Russia s culture after the collapse of the soviet union
Russia’s Culture after the Collapse of the Soviet Union

  • The country is again called Russia.

  • People have freedom of religion.

  • Artists again have the freedom to create.

  • Many ethnic groups split from Russia to form their own countries.


Russia s culture
Russia’s Culture

The Matryoshka is a Russian wooden doll made in 1890. The first doll contained 8 pieces.

Faberge eggs were made back in 1885, when Tsar Alexander III, commissioned Peter C. Faberge to make an egg for his wife.


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