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FP6 IST “Broadband for all” Network of Excellence Project 001933 e-Photon/ONe “Optical Networks: Towards Bandwidth Manageability and Cost Efficiency” COST 279 Final Seminar Lisbon, June 29 th , 2005. FP6 Instruments.

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FP6 IST “Broadband for all”

Network of Excellence

Project 001933

e-Photon/ONe “Optical Networks: Towards Bandwidth Manageability and Cost Efficiency”

COST 279 Final Seminar

Lisbon, June 29th, 2005

fp6 instruments
FP6 Instruments
  • Generation, demonstration and validation of new knowledge through research and development
    • Integrated Projects (IPs; ~10M€)
    • Specific Tergeted Research Projects (STRePs; ~2M€)
  • Durable integration of the participants’ activities and capacities
    • Networks of Excellence (NoEs; ~7M€)
  • Support to collaboration and coordination, and to other activities
    • Coordination Actions (CAs; ~1M€)
    • Specific Support Actions (SSAs; ~0.5M€)
6fp first ist call
6FP First IST Call
  • Costly paperwork and proposal preparation
  • Relatively little funding to ICT
  • Strong competition among several NoEs and IPs for strategic objective “Broadband for All”
  • The ranking of e-Photon/ONe was 22/25 (best in “Broadband for all” among NoEs and IPs)
  • The EC proposed (and final) grant was 2.9 MЄ for 2 years … 
consortium composition i
Consortium composition - I
  • Politecnico di Torino, Italy
  • Università di Bologna, Italy
  • Politecnico di Milano, Italy
  • Fondazione Ugo Bordoni, Rome, Italy
  • Scuola Superiore Sant\'Anna, Pisa, Italy
  • INTEC - Ghent University - IMEC, Gent, Belgium
  • Technical University of Eindhoven, The Netherlands
  • Faculté Polytechnique de Mons, Mons, Belgium
  • COM - Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Kista Photonics Research Centre, Kista, Sweden
  • Fraunhofer Gesellschaft - Heinrich Hertz Institute, Germany
  • Duisburg University, Germany
  • University of Stuttgart - Institute of Communication Networks and Computer Engineering, Germany
  • Technical University Berlin, Berlin, Germany
  • Vienna University of Technology, Austria
  • Groupe des Ecoles de Telecommunications, France
consortium composition ii
Consortium composition - II
  • University of Essex, UK
  • University College London (UCL), London, UK
  • University of Cambridge, UK
  • University of Southampton, UK
  • Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain
  • Universdad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain
  • Universidad Pública de Navarra, Spain
  • Polytecnic of Valencia, Spain
  • Instituto de Telecomunicações, Aveiro, Portugal
  • National Technical University of Athens, Greece
  • University of Athens, Greece
  • University of Patras, Greece
  • Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary
  • Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey
  • University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • University of Mining and Metallurgy (AGH), Poland
consortium composition iii
Consortium composition - III

[Industrial partners]

  • Telefónica Investigación y Desarrollo, Spain
  • T-Systems Nova GmbH, Germany
  • Siemens, Germany
  • Telenor R&D, Oslo, Norway
  • France Telecom, France
  • Alcatel R&I, France

38 partner institutions:

    • 32 academic institutions
    • 4 telecom operators
    • 2 manufacturers

with broad European coverage (from Portugal to Turkey)

~400 researchers actively involved in the NoE

Coordinator: Fabio Neri (Politecnico di Torino)

some comments
Some comments
  • A large number of partners raises project management issues
    • The EC grant must be efficiently utilized
    • A strong and well-defined project structure is required
      • Hierarchy of responsibilities
      • Several committees and boards to steer and promote activities
    • Efficient project office
  • NoEs bring new and “unusual” goals
    • EC grant not for funding individual research
    • Partners must learn to work towards “integration”
  • Results should come in the medium to long term
    • But the e-Photon/ONe duration was cut from 5 to 2 years
      • raising issues on effectiveness of the activities
      • downsizing of final objectives
funding limited to two years
Funding limited to two years
  • Same for all IPs and NoEs in Broadband for All
  • Two years is too short; several activities require a longer time span (e.g., PhD students should be financed for three years)
  • The project will have to stop its activities at the end of the initial warm-up transient
  • Limiting NoEs to two years appears as a symptom of little trust from the Commission in this new instrument
  • A significant part of the 2nd year was devoted to writing a new proposal
objectives of e photon one
Objectives of e-Photon/ONe
  • e-Photon/ONe is focused on optical networks
  • Its main goals are:
    • integrate and focus the rich technical know-how available in Europe on optical networking
    • favour a consensus on the engineering choices towards the deployment of optical networks
    • understand how to exploit the unique characteristics of the optical domain for networking applications
    • promote and organize activities to disseminate knowledge on optical networks
joint program of activities jpa
Joint Program of Activities (JPA)
  • The JPA provides a description of the broad scope of the NoE
  • For e-Photon/ONe it was planned for a 5-years time span, and it is articulated into15 WorkPackages (WPs)
  • JPA activities are classified into four categories:
    • Integrating activities
    • Joint research activities
    • Spreading of excellence activities
    • Management activities
activities in the jpa
Activities in the JPA
  • Integrating activities
    • A1.1 Coordination of research
    • A1.2 Researcher and student mobility
    • A1.3 Knowledge and innovation management
    • A1.4 Integrated dissemination
    • A1.5 Sharing research facilities
    • A1.6 Educational programs
  • Joint research activities
    • A2.1 Virtual Department 1: “Core networks: technologies, architectures and protocols”
    • A2.2 Virtual Department 2: “Metro and access networks: technologies, architectures and protocols”
    • A2.3 Virtual Department 3: “Home networks and other short-reach networks”
    • A2.4 Virtual Department 4: “Optical switching systems”
    • A2.5 Virtual Department 5: “Transmission techniques for broadband networks”
  • Spreading of excellence activities
    • A3.1 On-line dissemination
    • A3.2 Publications and conferences
    • A3.3 External relations
    • A3.4 Schools and continuing education
    • A3.5 Hosting students and researchers
  • Management activities
    • A4.1 Management of the technical bodies
    • A4.2 Management of governing bodies
integration goals
Integration goals
  • Strengthen contacts between partners
  • Focus research on optical networking
  • Stimulate exchanges of researchers and lecturers
  • Support knowledge management and circulation of information
  • Sharing of research topics and activities
  • Sharing of lab infrastructures
  • Develop common educational programs
  • Support innovation management
virtual departments
Virtual Departments
  • Integration activities were organized in thematic structures called Virtual Departments (VDs)
  • Viewing e-Photon/ONe as a large virtual European research structure (e.g. a university), it is possible to envisage different departments to which people affiliate according to topics. Departments have chairpersons who decide on the activities and the internal organization. People of a department do research, but also organize projects, interact with people external to the departments, have teaching activities etc.
major technical areas in optical networks
Major technical areas in optical networks
  • Wavelength routing (core) networks
    • Exploit large bandwidth on fiber links
    • Reduce time-domain operations, buffering requirements, and information processing
  • Innovative architectures for metro and access
    • Broadcast-and-select networks
    • WDM rings
    • PONs
  • Home and short-reach networks
    • Low cost
    • Easy deployment
  • Optics in switching and optical switching
    • Large switching fabrics
    • Lower footprint and power requirements
  • Optical transmission
    • Improving the best
    • Higher manageability
virtual departments1
Virtual Departments
  • VD1 (F. Callegati): “Core Networks: Technologies, Architectures, and Protocols”
  • VD2 (E. Zouganeli): “Metro and Access Networks: Technologies, Architectures, and Protocols”
  • VD3 (D. Jäger): “Home Networks and Other Short-Reach Networks”
  • VD4 (L. Dittman): “Optical Switching Systems”
  • VD5 (P. Poggiolini): “Transmission Techniques for Broadband Networks”
joint projects
Joint Projects
  • Although it is stated that funding research is not a primary goal of a NoE (!), four joint research projects (JPs) have been defined, so that the different partners can work together towards a few common goals
  • JPs are specific, short-term research activities, that may involve people from a single or multiple departments, just like the many research projects in which university staff people are often involved
  • JPs are serving as an important step toward integration inside the NoE, providing to a large number of partners an opportunity for interaction and accomplishment of common goals
  • Research activities in JPs are decided and coordinated by WP leaders
joint projects1
Joint Projects
  • JP1 (A. Stavdas): “New designs for optical packet switching nodes”. It aims both at designing optical switching devices (OXCs, optical packet switches), and at identifying the role of optics in traditional packet/circuit switches (e.g., switching fabrics in IP routers, or optical backplanes)
  • JP2 (T. Koonen): “Flexible broadband fiber in the loop networks and in home networks”, including fiber in the access and FTTH, hybrid fiber-wireless and fiber-coax, very-low-cost optics, plastic fibers, wireless optics
  • JP3 (M. Pickavet): “Protocols for the control plane in WDM core networks” (ASONs, G-MPLS, etc.)
  • JP4 (R. Killey): “Robust transmission techniques for core and metro networks”
spreading excellence activities
Spreading excellence activities
  • Dissemination activities: it is important to convert the international reputation of individual partners in a quality label for the network
  • Training activities must help improve the skills and knowledge of the future young workforce and indirectly help to establish a competitive and knowledge economy
  • The NoE aims to establish a significant influence on the training in the area of optical communication
  • Initiatives will be taken to complement the currently on-going uniformisation of the university degrees within Europe, in the framework of the Sorbonne-Bologna declarations, and specific attention will be paid to improvements of the quality
  • Specific objectives:
    • improve and uniformize the undergraduate and graduate programs in the domain of optical communication throughout Europe
    • draw guidelines for the curricula and, in particular for degrees in electrical and/or telecommunications engineering, as well as photonics
    • to improve the PhD training, a.o. by including hands-on training in a broader field
    • to organize specialized post-graduate programs for PhD students, post-docs and industrial researchers and technicians
15 workpackages
15 WorkPackages
  • WP1 (VD on Core Networks): F. Callegati – DEIS-UniBo
  • WP2 (VD on Metro and Access Networks): E. Zouganeli – Telenor
  • WP3 (VD on Home and Other Short-Reach Networks): D. Jaeger - UniDu
  • WP4 (VD on Optical Switching Systems): L. Dittman – DTU
  • WP5 (VD on Transmission): P. Poggiolini – PoliTO
  • WP6 (NoE Management): L. Fulci – PoliTO
  • WP7 (JP on Optical Switches): A. Stavdas – NTUA
  • WP8 (JP on Reconfigurable Access): T. Koonen – Tu/E
  • WP9 (JP on Protocols for WDM Network): M. Pickavet – UGent
  • WP10 (JP on Robust Transmission): R. Killey – UCL
  • WP11 (Mobility): G. Morthier – UGent
  • WP12 (Teaching Activities): B. Mikac – TELFER
  • WP13 (Joint Laboratories): A. Seeds – UCL
  • WP14 (Dissemination): M. O’Mahony – UEssex
  • WP15 (International Collaborations): S. Tomic – TUW
e photon one organization






Integrating Activities


Joint Research Project Board

Exchange & Mobility


Dissemination &



Gender issue panel

Socio-economic panel

Innovation & IPR panel

Project Office

Ethical issues Panel

Admin. Leader

Area 2

Admin. Leader

Area 1



Area 3

Admin. Leader

Area 5




Admin. Leader

Area 4

Admin. Leader

Area 6

Admin. Leader

Area 9

Joint Project 1

Admin. Leader

Area 7




Admin. Leader

Area 8


Joint Project 4


Assurance Committee

Virtual Departments


Local Administrative Dpt.

JPA Dpt.

e-Photon/ONe organization
project management and administration
Project management and administration
  • The Project Office was established at Politecnico di Torino to deal with project management and administrative issues (two full-time persons)
  • The Consortium Agreement was negotiated and signed
  • Difficult integration of diffrent rules in different countries for cost eligibility
  • Quarterly (!) Management Reports were prepared and submitted to the European Commission
  • The role of Collaborating Institutions, participating to e-Photon/One with no budget allocation, was established, and several application were received (this is a recognition of the project quality)
some achievements
Some achievements
  • e-Photon/ONe web site:
  • Support to the organization of conferences, including ONDM, and ECOC
  • Workshop presenting e-Photon/ONe to the international community at ECOC in Stockholm (Sweden) on September 7th, 2004
  • Events and workshops at NOC (Holland), OECC (Japan), WOBS/Broadnets (USA), Broadband Summit (Belgium), and others
  • Links with the IEEE Optical Networks Technical Committee (ONTC);joint organization with NSF and COST ofworkshop on research directions Europe-USA technical collaboration (June 2005 n Brussels)
  • Several members of e-Photon/ONe are in the editorial board of the new Elsevier journal “Optical Switching and Networking (OSN)
  • Interactions with Global Grid Forum on Optical Burst Switching standards
  • Two technical schools (one in Mons in September 2004, and one in Aveiro in February 2005); next school in Summer 2005 in Cesenatico
  • Several personnel exchanges took place in the framework of mobility actions. Around 25 such events involved mainly PhD students for extended periods
  • An effort towards integration of lab activities and sharing of lab infrastructures lead to an inventory of existing labs and to a plan for coordinated lab experiments
research directions and challanges
Research directions and challanges
  • More packets in networks, more circuits in the optical domain
  • (Dynamic) connection-oriented operation; lot of work on control plane functionalities
  • Large attention to (new architectures for) the access segment; G-PONs, E-PONs
  • More optics in traditional switching devices
  • New design criteria:
    • bandwidth cost no longer an issue – cost of switching more important
    • QoS requirements do not scale with packet duration: no need for reconfiguration in the ns scale
  • Consider non-traditional application domains:
    • Home networks
    • Vehicle networks
  • Unclear evolution towards higher data rates (40 and 100 Gb/s): 2.5 Gb/s best transmission compromise
uneven partner involvement
Uneven partner involvement
  • Limited involvement of industrial partners
  • Also limited initial involvement of some academic partners
  • WP leaders monitor the involvement of partners in their WP
  • The Technical Annex assumes full transfer of EC funds only upon verification of active participation: EC contribution may be reduced in proportion to the costs claimed and accepted for the first annual report
  • Adjusting the budget subdivision to actual activities and involvement in the integration process proved to be effective, but increases management costs
collaborating institutions
Collaborating Institutions
  • At the kickoff meeting it was decided not to enlarge the consortium, but to establish the role of “Collaborating Institution”, with
    • no budget allocation
    • full participation to the project
  • It is an interesting approach to have a consortium “evolving” with time and a recognition of the quality of e-Photon/ONe
  • Current Collaborating Institutions:
    • Intel Cambridge, UK (Madeleine Glick)
    • Multitel, Mons, Belgium (Augustin Grillet)
    • Athens Information and Technology Center, Greece (Ioannis Tomkos)
    • Beijing University of Posts & Telegraphs, China (Jian Wu)
    • Fujitsu Labs Europe, UK (Michael Parker)
    • Campinas State University, Brazil (Helio Waldman)
comments after one project year
Comments after one project year

Advantages of NoEs:

  • Research and personal integration in the European scientific community
  • International visibility
  • Cooperation with the European international leadership in specific technical areas (optical networks for e-Photon/ONe), and with Japan, USA, Canada, China, Korea
  • Possible alliances for setting up consortia towards other forms of research funding
comments after one project year1
Comments after one project year
  • Consortium size:
    • Difficult to build small consortia
    • Large consortia difficult to coordinate (~5K emails in my mailbox; response times with very large variance; meetings become conferences; etc.)
    • Intellectual Property Right issues difficult to handle (in particular for industrial partners, but also between different projects)
  • The allocated budget is too small for industries to participate: the involvement of industries and SMEs in FP6 has been limited (industries participation in IST reduced from 55% to 29%)
  • The funding period was really too short for an NoE: will we have durable integration effects?
comments after one project year2
Comments after one project year
  • Project management:
    • Large management effort
    • Difficult interaction with the EC
  • Sixth Framework Programme rules not clear from the beginning (and unknown or obscure to participating institutions)
  • Large paperwork overhead (61 deliverables, quarterly reports, and heavy annual reports and reviews)
  • No real administrative autonomy: very detailed reporting to the Commission still requested
  • The AC model (used by most universities) is not appropriate for NoEs
  • Co-existence of AC and FC models leads to administrative problems
conclusions 1
Conclusions (1)
  • Exploiting the NoE instrument is not trivial
  • Consortium size 
    • Small consortium likely misses significant players and has no consensus in the research community
    • Big consortium raises management issues
  • The project management architecture is a cornerstone to achieve tangible results
    • The Virtual Department concept is the e-Photon/ONe answer to the coordination of research issue
  • Budget and funding period must be adequate
    • New proposal e-Photon/ONe+ to overcome the 2-years limit
conclusions 2
Conclusions (2)
  • VDs had a slow start
  • After one year, results are beginning to emerge
    • Partners have got to know one another a lot better:
      • Mutual knowledge of fields of expertise and areas of excellence
      • Mutual knowledge of group layouts and major laboratory infrastructure
    • Integration is truly taking place
      • Formal and informal collaborations have actually started among several partners
      • Actions towards the 4th FP6 calls coordinated
      • Consensus on key issues being formed common papers being written and plans for building common teaching material
  • The pace towards integration is still uneven among VDs
more in www e photon one org
More in

Visit our web site!

Register (on web site) to Newsletter!

Come to e-Photon/ONe booth at ECOC 2005!

different views

How the project leader views e-Photon/One

How the project office views e-Photon/One

How the Commission views project leaders

How partners interpret European projects

Different views …