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FP6 IST “Broadband for all” Network of Excellence Project 001933 e-Photon/ONe “Optical Networks: Towards Bandwidth Manageability and Cost Efficiency” COST 279 Final Seminar Lisbon, June 29 th , 2005. FP6 Instruments.

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Fp6 ist broadband for all network of excellence project 001933

FP6 IST “Broadband for all”

Network of Excellence

Project 001933

e-Photon/ONe “Optical Networks: Towards Bandwidth Manageability and Cost Efficiency”

COST 279 Final Seminar

Lisbon, June 29th, 2005

Fp6 instruments

FP6 Instruments

  • Generation, demonstration and validation of new knowledge through research and development

    • Integrated Projects (IPs; ~10M€)

    • Specific Tergeted Research Projects (STRePs; ~2M€)

  • Durable integration of the participants’ activities and capacities

    • Networks of Excellence (NoEs; ~7M€)

  • Support to collaboration and coordination, and to other activities

    • Coordination Actions (CAs; ~1M€)

    • Specific Support Actions (SSAs; ~0.5M€)

6fp first ist call

6FP First IST Call

  • Costly paperwork and proposal preparation

  • Relatively little funding to ICT

  • Strong competition among several NoEs and IPs for strategic objective “Broadband for All”

  • The ranking of e-Photon/ONe was 22/25 (best in “Broadband for all” among NoEs and IPs)

  • The EC proposed (and final) grant was 2.9 MЄ for 2 years … 

Consortium composition i

Consortium composition - I

  • Politecnico di Torino, Italy

  • Università di Bologna, Italy

  • Politecnico di Milano, Italy

  • Fondazione Ugo Bordoni, Rome, Italy

  • Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy

  • INTEC - Ghent University - IMEC, Gent, Belgium

  • Technical University of Eindhoven, The Netherlands

  • Faculté Polytechnique de Mons, Mons, Belgium

  • COM - Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Kista Photonics Research Centre, Kista, Sweden

  • Fraunhofer Gesellschaft - Heinrich Hertz Institute, Germany

  • Duisburg University, Germany

  • University of Stuttgart - Institute of Communication Networks and Computer Engineering, Germany

  • Technical University Berlin, Berlin, Germany

  • Vienna University of Technology, Austria

  • Groupe des Ecoles de Telecommunications, France

Consortium composition ii

Consortium composition - II

  • University of Essex, UK

  • University College London (UCL), London, UK

  • University of Cambridge, UK

  • University of Southampton, UK

  • Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain

  • Universdad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain

  • Universidad Pública de Navarra, Spain

  • Polytecnic of Valencia, Spain

  • Instituto de Telecomunicações, Aveiro, Portugal

  • National Technical University of Athens, Greece

  • University of Athens, Greece

  • University of Patras, Greece

  • Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary

  • Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey

  • University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

  • University of Mining and Metallurgy (AGH), Poland

Consortium composition iii

Consortium composition - III

[Industrial partners]

  • Telefónica Investigación y Desarrollo, Spain

  • T-Systems Nova GmbH, Germany

  • Siemens, Germany

  • Telenor R&D, Oslo, Norway

  • France Telecom, France

  • Alcatel R&I, France

    38 partner institutions:

    • 32 academic institutions

    • 4 telecom operators

    • 2 manufacturers

      with broad European coverage (from Portugal to Turkey)

      ~400 researchers actively involved in the NoE

      Coordinator: Fabio Neri (Politecnico di Torino)

Some comments

Some comments

  • A large number of partners raises project management issues

    • The EC grant must be efficiently utilized

    • A strong and well-defined project structure is required

      • Hierarchy of responsibilities

      • Several committees and boards to steer and promote activities

    • Efficient project office

  • NoEs bring new and “unusual” goals

    • EC grant not for funding individual research

    • Partners must learn to work towards “integration”

  • Results should come in the medium to long term

    • But the e-Photon/ONe duration was cut from 5 to 2 years

      • raising issues on effectiveness of the activities

      • downsizing of final objectives

Funding limited to two years

Funding limited to two years

  • Same for all IPs and NoEs in Broadband for All

  • Two years is too short; several activities require a longer time span (e.g., PhD students should be financed for three years)

  • The project will have to stop its activities at the end of the initial warm-up transient

  • Limiting NoEs to two years appears as a symptom of little trust from the Commission in this new instrument

  • A significant part of the 2nd year was devoted to writing a new proposal

Objectives of e photon one

Objectives of e-Photon/ONe

  • e-Photon/ONe is focused on optical networks

  • Its main goals are:

    • integrate and focus the rich technical know-how available in Europe on optical networking

    • favour a consensus on the engineering choices towards the deployment of optical networks

    • understand how to exploit the unique characteristics of the optical domain for networking applications

    • promote and organize activities to disseminate knowledge on optical networks

Joint program of activities jpa

Joint Program of Activities (JPA)

  • The JPA provides a description of the broad scope of the NoE

  • For e-Photon/ONe it was planned for a 5-years time span, and it is articulated into15 WorkPackages (WPs)

  • JPA activities are classified into four categories:

    • Integrating activities

    • Joint research activities

    • Spreading of excellence activities

    • Management activities

Activities in the jpa

Activities in the JPA

  • Integrating activities

    • A1.1 Coordination of research

    • A1.2 Researcher and student mobility

    • A1.3 Knowledge and innovation management

    • A1.4 Integrated dissemination

    • A1.5 Sharing research facilities

    • A1.6 Educational programs

  • Joint research activities

    • A2.1 Virtual Department 1: “Core networks: technologies, architectures and protocols”

    • A2.2 Virtual Department 2: “Metro and access networks: technologies, architectures and protocols”

    • A2.3 Virtual Department 3: “Home networks and other short-reach networks”

    • A2.4 Virtual Department 4: “Optical switching systems”

    • A2.5 Virtual Department 5: “Transmission techniques for broadband networks”

  • Spreading of excellence activities

    • A3.1 On-line dissemination

    • A3.2 Publications and conferences

    • A3.3 External relations

    • A3.4 Schools and continuing education

    • A3.5 Hosting students and researchers

  • Management activities

    • A4.1 Management of the technical bodies

    • A4.2 Management of governing bodies

Integration goals

Integration goals

  • Strengthen contacts between partners

  • Focus research on optical networking

  • Stimulate exchanges of researchers and lecturers

  • Support knowledge management and circulation of information

  • Sharing of research topics and activities

  • Sharing of lab infrastructures

  • Develop common educational programs

  • Support innovation management

Virtual departments

Virtual Departments

  • Integration activities were organized in thematic structures called Virtual Departments (VDs)

  • Viewing e-Photon/ONe as a large virtual European research structure (e.g. a university), it is possible to envisage different departments to which people affiliate according to topics. Departments have chairpersons who decide on the activities and the internal organization. People of a department do research, but also organize projects, interact with people external to the departments, have teaching activities etc.

Major technical areas in optical networks

Major technical areas in optical networks

  • Wavelength routing (core) networks

    • Exploit large bandwidth on fiber links

    • Reduce time-domain operations, buffering requirements, and information processing

  • Innovative architectures for metro and access

    • Broadcast-and-select networks

    • WDM rings

    • PONs

  • Home and short-reach networks

    • Low cost

    • Easy deployment

  • Optics in switching and optical switching

    • Large switching fabrics

    • Lower footprint and power requirements

  • Optical transmission

    • Improving the best

    • Higher manageability

Virtual departments1

Virtual Departments

  • VD1 (F. Callegati): “Core Networks: Technologies, Architectures, and Protocols”

  • VD2 (E. Zouganeli): “Metro and Access Networks: Technologies, Architectures, and Protocols”

  • VD3 (D. Jäger): “Home Networks and Other Short-Reach Networks”

  • VD4 (L. Dittman): “Optical Switching Systems”

  • VD5 (P. Poggiolini): “Transmission Techniques for Broadband Networks”

Joint projects

Joint Projects

  • Although it is stated that funding research is not a primary goal of a NoE (!), four joint research projects (JPs) have been defined, so that the different partners can work together towards a few common goals

  • JPs are specific, short-term research activities, that may involve people from a single or multiple departments, just like the many research projects in which university staff people are often involved

  • JPs are serving as an important step toward integration inside the NoE, providing to a large number of partners an opportunity for interaction and accomplishment of common goals

  • Research activities in JPs are decided and coordinated by WP leaders

Joint projects1

Joint Projects

  • JP1 (A. Stavdas): “New designs for optical packet switching nodes”. It aims both at designing optical switching devices (OXCs, optical packet switches), and at identifying the role of optics in traditional packet/circuit switches (e.g., switching fabrics in IP routers, or optical backplanes)

  • JP2 (T. Koonen): “Flexible broadband fiber in the loop networks and in home networks”, including fiber in the access and FTTH, hybrid fiber-wireless and fiber-coax, very-low-cost optics, plastic fibers, wireless optics

  • JP3 (M. Pickavet): “Protocols for the control plane in WDM core networks” (ASONs, G-MPLS, etc.)

  • JP4 (R. Killey): “Robust transmission techniques for core and metro networks”

Spreading excellence activities

Spreading excellence activities

  • Dissemination activities: it is important to convert the international reputation of individual partners in a quality label for the network

  • Training activities must help improve the skills and knowledge of the future young workforce and indirectly help to establish a competitive and knowledge economy



  • The NoE aims to establish a significant influence on the training in the area of optical communication

  • Initiatives will be taken to complement the currently on-going uniformisation of the university degrees within Europe, in the framework of the Sorbonne-Bologna declarations, and specific attention will be paid to improvements of the quality

  • Specific objectives:

    • improve and uniformize the undergraduate and graduate programs in the domain of optical communication throughout Europe

    • draw guidelines for the curricula and, in particular for degrees in electrical and/or telecommunications engineering, as well as photonics

    • to improve the PhD training, a.o. by including hands-on training in a broader field

    • to organize specialized post-graduate programs for PhD students, post-docs and industrial researchers and technicians

15 workpackages

15 WorkPackages

  • WP1 (VD on Core Networks): F. Callegati – DEIS-UniBo

  • WP2 (VD on Metro and Access Networks): E. Zouganeli – Telenor

  • WP3 (VD on Home and Other Short-Reach Networks): D. Jaeger - UniDu

  • WP4 (VD on Optical Switching Systems): L. Dittman – DTU

  • WP5 (VD on Transmission): P. Poggiolini – PoliTO

  • WP6 (NoE Management): L. Fulci – PoliTO

  • WP7 (JP on Optical Switches): A. Stavdas – NTUA

  • WP8 (JP on Reconfigurable Access): T. Koonen – Tu/E

  • WP9 (JP on Protocols for WDM Network): M. Pickavet – UGent

  • WP10 (JP on Robust Transmission): R. Killey – UCL

  • WP11 (Mobility): G. Morthier – UGent

  • WP12 (Teaching Activities): B. Mikac – TELFER

  • WP13 (Joint Laboratories): A. Seeds – UCL

  • WP14 (Dissemination): M. O’Mahony – UEssex

  • WP15 (International Collaborations): S. Tomic – TUW

E photon one organization






Integrating Activities


Joint Research Project Board

Exchange & Mobility


Dissemination &



Gender issue panel

Socio-economic panel

Innovation & IPR panel

Project Office

Ethical issues Panel

Admin. Leader

Area 2

Admin. Leader

Area 1



Area 3

Admin. Leader

Area 5




Admin. Leader

Area 4

Admin. Leader

Area 6

Admin. Leader

Area 9

Joint Project 1

Admin. Leader

Area 7




Admin. Leader

Area 8


Joint Project 4


Assurance Committee

Virtual Departments


Local Administrative Dpt.

JPA Dpt.

e-Photon/ONe organization

Project management and administration

Project management and administration

  • The Project Office was established at Politecnico di Torino to deal with project management and administrative issues (two full-time persons)

  • The Consortium Agreement was negotiated and signed

  • Difficult integration of diffrent rules in different countries for cost eligibility

  • Quarterly (!) Management Reports were prepared and submitted to the European Commission

  • The role of Collaborating Institutions, participating to e-Photon/One with no budget allocation, was established, and several application were received (this is a recognition of the project quality)

Some achievements

Some achievements

  • e-Photon/ONe web site:http://www.e-photon-one.org

  • Support to the organization of conferences, including ONDM, and ECOC

  • Workshop presenting e-Photon/ONe to the international community at ECOC in Stockholm (Sweden) on September 7th, 2004

  • Events and workshops at NOC (Holland), OECC (Japan), WOBS/Broadnets (USA), Broadband Summit (Belgium), and others

  • Links with the IEEE Optical Networks Technical Committee (ONTC);joint organization with NSF and COST ofworkshop on research directions Europe-USA technical collaboration (June 2005 n Brussels)

  • Several members of e-Photon/ONe are in the editorial board of the new Elsevier journal “Optical Switching and Networking (OSN)

  • Interactions with Global Grid Forum on Optical Burst Switching standards

  • Two technical schools (one in Mons in September 2004, and one in Aveiro in February 2005); next school in Summer 2005 in Cesenatico

  • Several personnel exchanges took place in the framework of mobility actions. Around 25 such events involved mainly PhD students for extended periods

  • An effort towards integration of lab activities and sharing of lab infrastructures lead to an inventory of existing labs and to a plan for coordinated lab experiments

Research directions and challanges

Research directions and challanges

  • More packets in networks, more circuits in the optical domain

  • (Dynamic) connection-oriented operation; lot of work on control plane functionalities

  • Large attention to (new architectures for) the access segment; G-PONs, E-PONs

  • More optics in traditional switching devices

  • New design criteria:

    • bandwidth cost no longer an issue – cost of switching more important

    • QoS requirements do not scale with packet duration: no need for reconfiguration in the ns scale

  • Consider non-traditional application domains:

    • Home networks

    • Vehicle networks

  • Unclear evolution towards higher data rates (40 and 100 Gb/s): 2.5 Gb/s best transmission compromise

Uneven partner involvement

Uneven partner involvement

  • Limited involvement of industrial partners

  • Also limited initial involvement of some academic partners

  • WP leaders monitor the involvement of partners in their WP

  • The Technical Annex assumes full transfer of EC funds only upon verification of active participation: EC contribution may be reduced in proportion to the costs claimed and accepted for the first annual report

  • Adjusting the budget subdivision to actual activities and involvement in the integration process proved to be effective, but increases management costs

Collaborating institutions

Collaborating Institutions

  • At the kickoff meeting it was decided not to enlarge the consortium, but to establish the role of “Collaborating Institution”, with

    • no budget allocation

    • full participation to the project

  • It is an interesting approach to have a consortium “evolving” with time and a recognition of the quality of e-Photon/ONe

  • Current Collaborating Institutions:

    • Intel Cambridge, UK (Madeleine Glick)

    • Multitel, Mons, Belgium (Augustin Grillet)

    • Athens Information and Technology Center, Greece (Ioannis Tomkos)

    • Beijing University of Posts & Telegraphs, China (Jian Wu)

    • Fujitsu Labs Europe, UK (Michael Parker)

    • Campinas State University, Brazil (Helio Waldman)

Comments after one project year

Comments after one project year

Advantages of NoEs:

  • Research and personal integration in the European scientific community

  • International visibility

  • Cooperation with the European international leadership in specific technical areas (optical networks for e-Photon/ONe), and with Japan, USA, Canada, China, Korea

  • Possible alliances for setting up consortia towards other forms of research funding

Comments after one project year1

Comments after one project year

  • Consortium size:

    • Difficult to build small consortia

    • Large consortia difficult to coordinate (~5K emails in my mailbox; response times with very large variance; meetings become conferences; etc.)

    • Intellectual Property Right issues difficult to handle (in particular for industrial partners, but also between different projects)

  • The allocated budget is too small for industries to participate: the involvement of industries and SMEs in FP6 has been limited (industries participation in IST reduced from 55% to 29%)

  • The funding period was really too short for an NoE: will we have durable integration effects?

Comments after one project year2

Comments after one project year

  • Project management:

    • Large management effort

    • Difficult interaction with the EC

  • Sixth Framework Programme rules not clear from the beginning (and unknown or obscure to participating institutions)

  • Large paperwork overhead (61 deliverables, quarterly reports, and heavy annual reports and reviews)

  • No real administrative autonomy: very detailed reporting to the Commission still requested

  • The AC model (used by most universities) is not appropriate for NoEs

  • Co-existence of AC and FC models leads to administrative problems

Conclusions 1

Conclusions (1)

  • Exploiting the NoE instrument is not trivial

  • Consortium size 

    • Small consortium likely misses significant players and has no consensus in the research community

    • Big consortium raises management issues

  • The project management architecture is a cornerstone to achieve tangible results

    • The Virtual Department concept is the e-Photon/ONe answer to the coordination of research issue

  • Budget and funding period must be adequate

    • New proposal e-Photon/ONe+ to overcome the 2-years limit

Conclusions 2

Conclusions (2)

  • VDs had a slow start

  • After one year, results are beginning to emerge

    • Partners have got to know one another a lot better:

      • Mutual knowledge of fields of expertise and areas of excellence

      • Mutual knowledge of group layouts and major laboratory infrastructure

    • Integration is truly taking place

      • Formal and informal collaborations have actually started among several partners

      • Actions towards the 4th FP6 calls coordinated

      • Consensus on key issues being formed common papers being written and plans for building common teaching material

  • The pace towards integration is still uneven among VDs

More in www e photon one org

More in www.e-photon-one.org

Visit our web site!

Register (on web site) to Newsletter!

Come to e-Photon/ONe booth at ECOC 2005!

Different views

How the project leader views e-Photon/One

How the project office views e-Photon/One

How the Commission views project leaders

How partners interpret European projects

Different views …

Fp6 ist broadband for all network of excellence project 001933


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