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West African History

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West African History. Ghana & Mali. The Kingdom of Ghana (500 AD – 1170 AD). Rise of Ghana. Ghana had a lot of gold and iron ore. Ghana became the first far-reaching trade empire in West Africa Ghana’s kings established and maintained their power through: their vast wealth (gold),

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rise of ghana
Rise of Ghana
  • Ghana had a lot of gold and iron ore.
  • Ghana became the first far-reaching trade empire in West Africa
  • Ghana’s kings established and maintained their power through:
    • their vast wealth (gold),
    • personal relationship with subjects,
    • and large standing armies (iron).
ghana s economy
Ghana’s Economy

Ghana traded gold with cultures in North Africafor salt

  • Salt was important because it:
    • Preserved food,
    • Essential to their diet,
    • And helped the taste of food.

Berber traders, then Muslim traders controlled the Saharan Trade.

decline of ghana
Decline of Ghana
  • Spread of the Sahara Desert strained Ghana’s growing population
  • Urban populations became dependent on imported food
  • Muslim traders took primary control over the Saharan trade 
  • Ghana’s income from trade declined
ghana s collapse
Ghana’s Collapse
  • Food shortage and reduced income made the empire less stable.
  • Ghana territory came under increased influence of the spreading Islamic empire to the north.
  • The Mali leader Sundiata Keita defeats the remnants of the Ghana Empire around 1240 AD.
rise of mali
Rise of Mali
  • Established by Sundiata Keita
    • Epic of Sundiata
  • Sundiata Keita adopts Islam as the official religion of Mali
  • Timbuktu becomes one of the world’s largest trading centers and the world’s most advanced centers of learning.
slide12
Eventually, Mali covered a territory larger than western Europe.
  • … and consisted of numerous vassal kingdoms and provinces in West and Central Africa.
type 2 writing
Type 2 Writing
  • What caused the decline and collapse of the Ghana Empire?
  • GOOD NEWS! No more CDV or Take a Stand format. Just answer the question with at least 3 supporting details.
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