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Islam:. Myths and Reality. Terminology:. The religion is called ISLAM. The people are MUSLIMS. 2. Myth #1: Most Muslims are Arabs who live in the Middle East. 3. Reality: Of more than 1 billion Muslims worldwide, only about 1/5 are Arabs. 4. Try to Guess:.

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Islam

Islam:

Myths and Reality


Terminology

Terminology:

The religion is called ISLAM.

The people are MUSLIMS.

2


Myth 1 most muslims are arabs who live in the middle east

Myth #1:Most Muslims are Arabs who live in the Middle East.

3


Reality of more than 1 billion muslims worldwide only about 1 5 are arabs

Reality:

Of more than 1 billion Muslims worldwide, only about 1/5 are Arabs.

4


Try to guess

Try to Guess:

Which country has more Muslims than any other country in the world?

5


Answer

Answer:

Indonesia - with over 200 million Muslims.

Note: The U.S. has about 5 million Muslims.

6


http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpghttp://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpg

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Myth 2 muslims have a strange religion and worship a god called allah

Myth #2:http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpgMuslims have a strange religion and worship a god called Allah.

8


Reality muslims are monotheistic and worship the same one god as christians and jews

Reality:http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpg

Muslims are monotheistic and worship the same one God as Christians and Jews.

9


Note:http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpg

‘Allah’ is the Arabic word for ‘God.’

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Myth 3

Myth #3:http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpg

Muslims believe it is o.k. to kill civilians in a holy war (“jihad”).

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Reality

Realityhttp://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpg:

Only Muslim extremists believe this.

12


Myth 4

Myth #4:http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpg

Most Muslim women wear veils over their faces and are treated very badly.

13


Reality1
Realityhttp://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpg:

  • Muslim women have many different styles of dress. (Very few cultures require women to cover their faces.)

  • The treatment of women varies from country to country and family to family.

  • Some Muslim countries, like Pakistan, have had female prime ministers. The U.S. has never had a female president.

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Pakistani dress left saudi arabian right
Pakistani dress (left); Saudi Arabian (right)http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpg

Shariah TV website

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Iranian woman
Iranian womanhttp://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpg

Green Cine.com

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Somali left west african right
Somali (left); West African (right)http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpg

Shariah TV website

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Malaysian left indian bangladeshi right
Malaysian (left); Indian/http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpgBangladeshi (right)

Shariah TV website

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Afghani women wearing burqas
Afghani women wearing burqas http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpg

International Medical Corps photo

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Muslim girls in texas protesting discrimination for wearing head scarves
Muslim girls in Texas protesting discrimination for wearing head scarves

http://www.cairdfw.org

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Something to think about

Something to think about: head scarves

Should women in a Western country be allowed to wear a headscarf if they choose?

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Main beliefs of islam

Main Beliefs of Islam head scarves

5 Pillars of Islam

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Faith

Faith: head scarves

Belief in one God and that Muhammad is His prophet.

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Prayer

Prayer: head scarves

5 times a day – facing Mecca

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/galleries/salah/images/5.jpg

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Alms head scarves

Giving money to the poor is REQUIRED, not optional

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Fasting

Fasting head scarves

During the month of Ramadan, Muslims cannot eat or drink anything during the daylight hours.

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Pilgrimage

Pilgrimage head scarves

Once in their lives – IF they can afford it, Muslims make a pilgrimage to Mecca

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In mecca during the pilgrimage
In Mecca during the pilgrimage head scarves

www.thefaithclub.com

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Vocabulary

Vocabulary: head scarves

MOSQUE: a Muslim place of worship

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Mosque in medina saudi arabia
Mosque in Medina, Saudi Arabia head scarves

http://islamicbooks.info/H-21-Madh'habs

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Mohammed ali mosque cairo egypt
Mohammed Ali mosque, Cairo, Egypt head scarves

http://www.solarnavigator.net/geography/egypt.htm

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Inside the mohammed ali mosque
Inside the Mohammed Ali Mosque head scarves

http://www.ask-aladdin.com

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Dome of the mohammed ali mosque
Dome of the Mohammed Ali mosque head scarves

http://www.ask-aladdin.com

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Blue mosque sultan ahmet mosque istanbul turkey
Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmet Mosque), Istanbul Turkey head scarves

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http://cs.ua.edu/~greg/personal.html


Interior of the blue mosque
Interior of the Blue Mosque head scarves

http://www.britannica.com

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Dome of a mosque esfahan iran
Dome of a mosque, Esfahan, Iran head scarves

http://www.perceptivetravel.com/issues/1106/maclean.html

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Interior of a mosque in iran
Interior of a mosque in Iran head scarves

http://www.worldisround.com/articles/73022/photo621.html

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Mosque in djenne mali west africa
Mosque in Djenne, Mali (West Africa) head scarves

http://www.travelblog.org/Photos/17028.html

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North african mosque
North African mosque head scarves

http://www.galenfrysinger.com/

tunis.htm 39


Indonesian mosque
Indonesian mosque head scarves

http://www.richard-seaman.com/Travel/Brunei/index.html

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Islamic architecture in spain
Islamic architecture in Spain head scarves

http://www.islamservices.org

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Muslim mosque and tombstone in sarajevo bosnia
Muslim mosque and tombstone in Sarajevo, Bosnia head scarves

Yugoslavia: Republics and Provinces

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Mosque in tempe arizona
Mosque in Tempe, Arizona head scarves

http://www.4uth.gov.ua/usa/english/society/muslimlife/mosques.htm

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Vocabulary1

Vocabulary: head scarves

QURAN (or KORAN): Muslim holy book

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The quran
The Quran head scarves

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http://www.minhajsisters.com/home/articles/index.minhaj?id=8


Muslim influences on

Muslim influences on head scarves

secularart

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Muslim profession of faith in the topkapi palace istanbul turkey
Muslim profession of faith in the Topkapi Palace, Istanbul, Turkey

http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-251804/Muhammad

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Arabic calligraphy in secular art
Arabic calligraphy in secular art Turkey

http://www.plumsite.com/

palace/arabic.html

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Stained glass windows in the topkapi palace in istanbul turkey
Stained glass windows in the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, Turkey

http://www.geocities.com/mlafren/english/turk.html

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Conclusions
Conclusions: Turkey

  • Islam is an important religion, which shares many beliefs and practices with Christianity and Judaism.

  • Muslims live in many different countries. Islam is especially widespread in Africa, Asia, and southeastern Europe (the Balkans).

  • Islam has had a great impact on world art and culture.

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