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复习--编程前的准备 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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数控加工程序是由各种功能字按规定的格式组成的。 编程关键:正确理解各个功能字的含义,恰当使用各种功能字。 进行一系列数学计算,如零件轮廓上和刀具中心轨迹上一些点的坐标计算等。. 复习--编程前的准备. 数控编程有规定的标准,但随着数控技术的发展,国内外许多厂商根据发展需要,对标准中的代码进行功能上的延伸或进一步的定义(尤其是对标准中未指定的代码)。所以,加工程序的编程规则也与具体机床有关,编程时要仔细阅读机床说明书,灵活编程。 这里仅就一些常用的共性概念进行说明。. 5.1 常用准备功能和辅助功能指令. 5.1 常用准备功能和辅助功能指令.

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复习--编程前的准备

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7008646


7008646

5.1


7008646

5.1

GMFST

G

M


7008646

G

GG00-99

G


7008646

1.G50G92 FANUCG50 G50/G92 X Y Z X,Y,Z G92


2 g90

2.G90


3 g91

G90G91G90

3. G91


4 g17 g18 g19

G17xyG18zxG19yz

G17G18

4. G17,G18,G19


5 g00

G00 X (U) Z(W)

x, z;u,w

5. G00

G00 X50.0 Z6.0 G00 U-70.0 W-84.0


6 g01

XYZ

G01 X Y Z F

x,y,zF

6. G01

G01G01 X60.0 Z-80.0 F0.3 G01 U0 W-80.0 F0.3*XU


7 g02 g03

G02G03

G02/G03 X Z I K F

G02/G03 X Z R F

x,yI,Jx,yR

RR180R-180

R

7. G02G03


7 g02 g031

7. G02G03

G02G02 X__Z__I__K__F__ G02 X__Z__R__F__G03G03 X__Z__I__K__F__G03 X__Z__R__F__XZUWIKXZR180R>180R


7008646


8 g04

G04 XPFS

8. G04


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9. G28G29

1G28G28 XU__ZW __ XZUW G00


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2G29

G29 XU__ZW __ XZUW


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10. G32

G32G32 Z__F__G32 X__Z__F__F

G32 Z-40.0 F3.5G32 W-45.0 F3.5121=RL/40025mm 2= RL/1800Rr/min

L


7008646

(S)G50G50____S____SG96G96____S____m/min)

N1000v/dnr/minvm/mindmmG97G97____S____r/min


7008646

F1G99G99____F____G99Fmm/r2G98G98____F____G98Fmm/min*G99


7008646

MM00-99

M


1 m00

M00

1.M00


2 m01

M00

2. M01


3 m02

3. M02


4 m03 m04 m05

4. M03M04M05


5 m06

5. M06


6 m07 m08 m09

M072

M081

M09M07M08M50M51M50M5134

6. M07M08M09


7 m30

M02M30

7. M30


7008646


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>>>

N10 G00 X50.0

N20 G01 Z30.0 F0.3

N30 X65.0

N40 G00 Z2.0

G90 X50.0 Z-30.0 F0.3


1 g90

G90 X(U) Z(W) F

G90X(U) Z(W) R F

XZCUWCAFR

FG00

1G90


7008646

N50 G90 X45 Z-25 F0.35

N60 G00 X47

N70 G90 X40 Z-25

N80 G00 X42

N90 G90 X35 Z-25

N100 G00

  • 505522.5mm()

O0001

N10 G50 X200 Z200 T0101

N20 G97 G40 S695 M03

N30 G00 X55 Z4 M08

N40 G01 G96 Z2 F2.5 S120

N50 G90 X45 Z-25 F0.35

N60 X40

N70 X35

N80 G00 G97 X200 Z200 S695 T0100

N90 M01


7008646

N50 G90 X45 Z-25 F0.35

N60 G00 X47

N70 G90 X40 Z-25

N80 G00 X42

N90 G90 X35 Z-25

N100 G00


7008646

  • N40 G01 G96 X65 Z2 S120

  • N50 G90 X60 Z-35 R-5 F0.3

  • N60 X50

  • N70 G00 X100 Z100

  • R=(d1d2)/2=(4050)/2=-5.


2 g94

G94 X(U) Z(W) F

G94 X(U) Z(W) K F

XZCUWCAFKZ

2G94


7008646

  • 75(85,5)5mm

  • O1

    N10 G50 X200 Z200 T0101

    N20 G97 G40 S450 M03

    N30 G00 X85 Z10 M08

    N40 G01 G96 Z5 F3.0 S120

    N50 G94 X30 Z-5 F0.2

    N60 Z-10

    N70 Z-15

    N80 G00 G97 X200 Z200 S450 T0100

    N90 M01


7008646

  • N40 G01 G96 X55 Z2 S120

    N50 G94 X20 Z0 K-5 F0.2

    N60 Z-5

    N70 Z-10

    N80 G00 X Z


3 g92

G924

G92 X(U) Z(W) F

G92 X(U) Z(W) R F

G920.6495FF

3G92


7008646

  • N50 G50 X270 Z260

    N60 G97 S300 M03

    N70 T0101;

    N80 G00 X35 Z104

    N90 G92 X29.05 Z53 F1.5

    N100 X28.45

    N110 X28.15

    N120 X28.05

    N130 G00 X270 Z260 T0100 M05;

    N140 M02;


G71 g72 g73 g70

(G71G72G73G70)


1 g71

G71 Ud Re;

G71 Pns Qnf Uu Ww F S T;

d

e

ns

nf

ux

wz

1G71


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A.A>A>BZu w

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D. ns>nf

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N30 G00 X122.0 Z10.0;

N35 M03 G96 S150;

N40 G71 U2.0 R1.0

N50 G71 P60 Q120 U2.0 W2.0 F0.3

N60 G00 X40.0

N70 G01 Z-30.0 F0.15 S180

N80 X60.0 Z-60.0

N90 Z-80.0

N100 X100.0 Z-90.0;

N110 Z-110.0

N120 X120.0 Z-130.0

N130 G00 X125.0


2 g72

G72G71G72X

G72 Wd Re;

G72 Pns Qnf Uu Ww F S T;

G71G00ZX

2G72


3 g73

G73 Ui Wk Rd;

G73 Pns Qnf Uu Ww F S T;

ix

kz

d

3G73


4 g70

G70G71G72G73

G70 Pns Qnf

4G70


5 g76

G76

G76 Pmr Qdmin Rd

G76 X(U) Z(W) Ri Pk Qd F

mrZ80605530290 dmin d X(U) Z(W) i kx d F

5G76


7008646

  • N50 G76 P02 12 60 Q0.1 R0.1

    N60 G76 X60.64 Z25 P3.68 Q1.8 F6


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1.

offset/geometry

Txx xx

00-99 00-32


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Txx00


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2.

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3.

offset/geometryRT


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G41

G42

G40Txx00


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O0001

N10 G50 X200.0 Z200.0 T0101;

N20 G96 S180 M03;

N30 G00 X62.0 Z5.0 M08;

N40 G71 U2.0 R1.0;

N45 G71 P50 Q70 U0.3 W0.1 F0.2;

N50 G00 X30.0;

N60 G01 Z-15.0 F0.15;

N70 X60.0 Z-30.0;

N80 G70 P50 Q70;

N90 G00 X200.0 Z200.0 T0100;

N95 M05;

N100 M30;

1 60


2 180

O0002

N10 G50 X260.0 Z220.0 T0101

N20 G96 S180 M03

N30 G00 X182.0 Z2.0 M08

N40 G73 U40.0 W0 R40;

N45 G73 P50 Q100 U0.4 W0.1 F0.3

N50 G00 X80.0 Z1.0

N60 G01 Z-20.0 F0.15

N70 X120.0 Z-30.0

N80 Z-50.0;

N90 G02 X160.0 Z-70.0 R20.0

N100 G01 X180.0 Z-80.0

N110 G70 P50 Q100

N120 G00 X260.0 Z220.0 T0100

N125 M05;

N130 M30;

2 180


3 47 8 3 01 02 03

347.83010203


7008646

3

O0004

N010 G50 X200.0 Z350.0 T0101

N020 G97 S630 M03

N030 G00 X41.8 Z292.0 M08;

N040 G01 X47.8 Z289.0 F0.15


7008646

N050 Z230.0

N060 X50.0

N070 X62.0 W-60.0

N080 Z155.0

N090 X78.0

N100 X80.0 W-1.0

N110 W-19.0

N120 G02 W-60.0 R70.0;

N130 G01 Z65.0

N140 X90.0

N150 G00 X200.0 Z350.0 T0100 M09

N160 T0202;


7008646

N170 S315 M03

N180 G00 X51.0 Z230.0 M08;

N190 G01 X45.0 F0.16;

N200 G00 X51.0

N210 X200.0 Z350.0 T0200 M09

N220 M06 T0303;

N230 S200 M03

N240 G00 X62.0 Z296.0 M08;

N250 G92 X47.05 Z232.5 F1.5

N260 X46.45;

N270 X46.25;

N275 X46.05;


7008646

N290 G00 X200.0 Z350.0 T0300 M09

T300 M05

T310 M30


7008646

O0004

N010 G50 X200.0 Z100.0 T0101;

N020 G96 S150 M03

N030 G00 X102.0 Z1.0 M08

N040 G71 U4.0 R1.0;

N045 G71 P050 Q110 U0.4 W0.2 F0.25;

N050 G00 X54.0;

N060 G01 X60.0 Z-2.0;

N070 Z-66.0;

N080 X85.0;

N090 Z-96.0;

4


7008646

N100 G02 X93.0 Z-100.0 R4.0;

N110 G01 X102.0;

N120 G00 X150.0 Z100.0;

N130 G96 S180 T0202;

N140 G70 P050 Q110 F0.1;

N150 G00 X150.0 Z100.0;

N160 G96 S100 T0303;

N170 G00 X90.0 Z-66.0;

N180 G01 X55.0 F0.5;

N190 G04 X1.0;

N200 G01 X90.0 F0.5;

N210 G00 X150.0 Z100.0;


7008646

N220 G96 S180 T0404;

N230 G00 X64.0 Z5.0;

N240 G92 X59.3 Z-63.0 F1.0;

N250 X58.9;

N260 X58.7;

N270 G00 X150.0 Z100.0;

N275 M05;

N280 M30;


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