Public Participation in Socially Sustainable Urban Development. Urban planning requires an accurate political organization, involving the participationof actors at different levels, with a real distribution of responsibilities for the elaborationand the management of urban policies.
Urban planning requires an accurate political organization, involving the participationof actors at different levels, with a real distribution of responsibilities for the elaborationand the management of urban policies.
The present study is a summary report on Phase III of the Sustainable Cities project’s of UNESCO’s MOST program and it was coordinated by Ms Geneviève Domenach-Chich, who was in charge of MOST’s urban settlements unit.
It summarises the results of comparative researches on social sustainability carried out in international co-operation by six cities (Budapest, Cape Town, Geneva, Lyon, San Salvador and Rotterdam). This issue of the Sustainable Cities project of MOST focuses on the role of public participation in sustainable urban development. It defines key issues in maintaining social sustainability and formulates recommendations that may help politicians, urban planners, local governments and civic groups (NGOs) in designing and organising public participation in sustainable urban development
Urban conflicts generate social exclusion.
Social exclusion represents the main danger to social integration. When a part of the local society is excluded from urban social life, the labour market, adequate housing, education, etc. it may, in long run, undermine urban life on the whole. Below we shall study some typically global urban social conflicts that are important from the point of view of social integration:
Sustainable urban development needs a number of changes in attitude and approach on the part of local authorities, urban planners and the local population.
Public participation may be formal or informal.
1. Formal participation
2. Informal participation
Chances for public participation in social integration are based on community actions and local
government measures in big cities. Excluded social groups usually need help to express their problems and to face conflicts.. The solution is political representation at the different institutions at city level, for instance ,minority representation in city government and\or different board responsible for public service. Another solution is to establish own representation, such as minority self-government as an organisation for the protection of interests.
- Lyon – Our case study on Lyon shows how municipalities in the Lyon Metropolitan Area worked out a set of guidelines and invited public participation for improving living conditions in different deteriorated neighbourhoods.
Adressed to politicians, local gouvernment officials, NGOs, national governments
The forms and content of their application will depend on the history and traditions of, the political conditions and goal setting for urban development in the respective country.