Esdp military crisis management operations l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 9

ESDP military crisis management operations PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 164 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

ESDP military crisis management operations. ESDP military operations. Military operations EU Military Operation in former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Concordia) , 2003, 300 armed personnel EU Military Operation in Democratic Republic of Congo (Artemis) , 2003, 1800 troops

Download Presentation

ESDP military crisis management operations

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Esdp military crisis management operations l.jpg

ESDP military crisis management operations


Esdp military operations l.jpg

ESDP military operations

  • Military operations

  • EU Military Operation in former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Concordia), 2003, 300 armed personnel

  • EU Military Operation in Democratic Republic of Congo (Artemis), 2003, 1800 troops

  • EU Military Operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUFOR-Althea), 2004- present 2500 troops

  • EUFOR TCHAD/RCA, 2008-2009, 3700 troops

  • EUFOR RD Congo, 2600, 2300 troops

  • EU military operation to contribute to the deterrence, prevention and repression of acts of piracy and armed robbery off the Somali coast (EU NAVFOR Somalia)

  • Military-civilian operations

  • EU mission in support of Security Sector Reform in Guinea-Bissau (EU SSR Guinea-Bissau), 2008, 39 personnel

  • EU security sector reform mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (EUSEC RD Congo), 2500, 40 personnel

  • EU Support to AMIS (Darfur), 2005-06, 31 civilians and 20 military personnel


Eu military operation in former yugoslav republic of macedonia concordia l.jpg

EU Military Operation in former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Concordia)

  • Background

    The Ohrid Framework Agreement, August 13, 2001

    NATO’s operations in FYROM- Essential Harvest (Aug-Sept 2001); Amber Fox (Sept 2001- Dec 2002); Allied Harmony (Dec 2002- March 2003); NATO HQs Skopje

  • Process that led to the operation

    President Trajkovski send a letter, inviting the EU to launch a mission in FYROM

    The Council appointed the Operation Commander, the Force Commander and designated operational HQs/

    Exchange of letters with NATO

    PSC set up a Committee of Contributors/ the Council approved the Operation Plan submitted by the PSC

    The NAC decided to terminate its operation ‘Allied Harmony’

  • Mission and mandate: Council Joint Action 2003/92/CFSP

    follow-on to the NATO’s ‘Allied Harmony’; to provide security for implementation of the Ohrid Framework Agreement

    Format: Berlin Plus Arrangements, with recourse to NATO’s assets and capabilities; Operation Commander is D-SACEUR Admiral R. Feist, SHAPE- EU Operational HQs


Eu military operation in former yugoslav republic of macedonia concordia framework and objectives l.jpg

EU Military Operation in former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Concordia)- framework and objectives

  • Political control and strategic direction of the operation

    The Council on the objectives and termination of the operation, assisted by the HR/SG

    PSC- exercises political control and strategic direction under the responsibility of the Council to which it reports regularly/ power to amend the operational plan, the chain of command and the rules of engagement

    EUMC- monitors the execution of the military operation; reports to the PSC at regular intervals; point of contact with the Operation Commander, from whom it receives regular reports

    HR/SG and EUSR in FYROM- primary points of contact with the authorities of FYROM for matters related to the implementation of the Joint Action; the Presidency is kept regularly and promptly informed on this contacts

    Force Commander- maintains contact with local authorities on issues relevant to his mission


Eu military operation in former yugoslav republic of macedonia concordia framework and objectives5 l.jpg

EU Military Operation in former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Concordia)- framework and objectives

  • Organisation and command structure of the operation

    Operational Headquarters- SHAPE

    Operation Commander- the D-SACEUR


Eu military operation in democratic republic of congo artemis l.jpg

EU Military Operation in Democratic Republic of Congo (Artemis)

  • Background

    Pretoria Peace Accord, Dec. 2002 for power-sharing at national level after nearly 5 years of war (failed administration, weak rule of law, armed militia groups, involvement of neighboring countries).

    UN peace keeping operation- MONUK

    Eastern district of Ituri- the most volatile, unpredictable and insecure district in the DRC (MONUK established interim institutions, which it didn’t provide the necessary security, it presence was weak both in terms of numbers and mandate); MONUK HQs were targeted, 60 000 are estimated to have died and half a million were internally displaced; these developments put in jeopardy the negotiated settlement to the conflict in DRC.

  • Process that led to the operation

    The UNSG approached the EU (the HR) with a request for forces to help restore the order in and around the town of Bunia

    The EU had long-term interests in the region (ECHO, Special Envoy to the Great Lakes Region)

    France found this politically advantageous (Turquoise mission in Rwanda, it had plans for a mission codenamed Mamba

    The US eager to ease the relations with its European allies

    UNSC Res. 1484 (30 May 2003) authorizing deployment of a French-led force in Bunia

    Council Joint Action

  • Mission and mandate:

    Under Chapter VII of the UN Charter

    Mandate: to contribute to the stabilization of the security conditions in Bunia; improvement of the humanitarian situation; to ensure the protection of the airport and the internally displaced people in camps; safety of the civilian population, the UN personnel and the humanitarian presence in the town

    Format: France- a Framework Nation


Eu military operation in democratic republic of congo artemis7 l.jpg

EU Military Operation in Democratic Republic of Congo (Artemis)

  • Political control and strategic direction of the operation

    The Council on the objectives and termination of the operation, assisted by the HR/SG

    PSC- exercises political control and strategic direction under the responsibility of the Council to which it reports regularly/ power to amend the operational plan, the chain of command and the rules of engagement

    EUMC- monitors the execution of the military operation; reports to the PSC at regular intervals; point of contact with the Operation Commander, from whom it receives regular reports

    HR/SG- with him and in coordination with Presidency is the prime responsibility for contact with the UN, the authorities of the DRC and neighboring countries, assisted by the EU Special Envoy to the Great Lakes Region

    Force Commander- contact with local authorities and MONUC


Eu military operation in democratic republic of congo artemis framework and objectives l.jpg

EU Military Operation in Democratic Republic of Congo (Artemis)-framework and objectives

Organisation and command structure of the operation

France acted as a Framework Nation and 16 other states contributed (with forces and/or equipment)

Commander of the operation: Gen. Neveux

Commander of Forces: Gen. Thonier

Operation HQs- Paris (80 military officer from the three services

Force HQs- based in Entebbe: multinational, 100 troops from the army and the airforce

A Joint support Base- 650 men at Entebbe airport, from where forces and supplies were flown in Bunia

Kampala- 100 men, an alternative base if needed

French aircombat means, stationed in Chad


Eu military operation in democratic republic of congo artemis analysis l.jpg

EU Military Operation in Democratic Republic of Congo (Artemis)-analysis

  • The successes

  • The security situation in Bunia improves/ threats posed by armed militias diminished

  • Return of a significant number of refugees

  • Revival of economic life in Bunia

  • Humanitarian operations resumed were further extended

  • Boost for the interim institutions in Ituri

  • Gave the UN time to prepare the new reinforced MONUC mission

  • The shortcomings

    - Lessons-learned: shortcomings in terms of strategic transport (was leased from Ukraine), long-distance communications, intelligence sharing, interoperability

  • Inherent in the mandate: fighting and violence against civilians continued outside Bunia

  • Militias were not neutralized

  • The task was demilitarisation not disarmament (could not conduct systemic house searches looking for hidden weapons


  • Login