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Support points for the opening (1). It’s good that CEE and SEE countries and Turkey are gathered together to exchange good practices in lead phase-out, sulphur reduction and promotion of clean vehicles It is even more important given the EU perspective of SEE countries and Turkey

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Support points for the opening (1)

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Support points for the opening 1

Support points for the opening (1)

  • It’s good that CEE and SEE countries and Turkey are gathered together to exchange good practices in lead phase-out, sulphur reduction and promotion of clean vehicles

  • It is even more important given the EU perspective of SEE countries and Turkey

  • Thanks to UNEP and the Partnership for Clean Fuel and Vehicles and USEPA not only for the financial support but for their active involvement in the preparation of the conference


Support points for the opening 2

Support points for the opening (2)

  • Significant progress has been achieved in the region since the launching of SILAQ – Sofia Initiative on Local Air Quality in 1995 at the Sofia Environment for Europe Conference: since then all CEE have completely phased out lead and many SEE are on the right track to do it

  • This conference is an opportunity to share the progress done and to understand the challenges that lie ahead: for SEE countries the biggest one is the complete ban of leaded fuel and for CEE ones is implementation of the EU legislation as well as adopting innovative policies for promotion of even cleaner fuels and vehicles


Support points for the opening 3

Support points for the opening (3)

  • This conference is also an opportunity to set up a network of experts who are working on these issues and who share a common interest

  • The existence of such a network could speed up the improvement efforts and speed up the dialogue between different stakeholders.


Project

Project

  • Funded by the USEPA and UNEP

  • Goals: present PCFV, review progress to date, consultation on necessary measures with stakeholders, identification and promotion of follow up tools:

  • country research

  • exchange of experience between experts from the region – status, policies, etc.

  • identification of follow up measures and needs on a country and regional level

  • synergies with a similar VROM project covering SEE countries


Background

Background

  • Covered countries – Estonia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia

  • Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV)

  • Building upon SILAQ – Sofia Initiative on Local Air Quality – launched in 1995 at Environment for Europe Conference

  • SILAQ focus – promotion of unleaded gasoline and reduction of sulphur and particulate emissions

  • SILAQ countries – Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia

  • REC’s role – secretarial support to SILAQ Working Group


Silaq conclusions

SILAQ Conclusions

Key issues needed to be addressed:

  • Ability of domestic refineries to supply unleaded gasoline;

  • Use of unleaded gasoline by local vehicles;

  • Awareness of the public as to the applicability of unleaded gasoline.

    One of the goals of the workshop is to share possible solutions to these problems!


Silaq recommendations

SILAQ Recommendations

  • Public information and outreach campaigns regarding the applicability of unleaded gasoline in older cars;

  • Awareness raising with regard to the health benefits of lead phase-out;

  • Exchange of experiences with other countries;

  • Needs assessment for the development and use of non-lead lubricating additives;

  • Research into the feasibility of using unleaded gasoline in cars with soft exhaust valve seats;

  • Ensuring access to the necessary financial support for refinery modernization;

  • Technological development of refineries;

  • Introduction and enforcement of vehicle emissions and gasoline standards;

  • Modernization of the control system for periodic technical inspection of vehicles;

  • Fitting of cars with catalytic converters and other pollution control devices;

  • Development of the production and distribution systems to improve the supply of unleaded gasoline and lubricating additives;

  • Implementation of policy incentives to increase the market share of unleaded gasoline and speed up the complete phase-out of leaded gasoline;

  • Requirements for lead phase-out in the privatization of refineries.


Assessment methodology

Assessment methodology

  • Timing – May-July, 2005

  • Based on a common questionnaire

  • Baseline year – 2003

    Questionnaire includes 5 main chapters:

  • Personal Information

  • Country Specific Data

  • Air Quality

  • Fuel Quality

  • Vehicle Emissions


Basic data

Basic data


Air quality

Air Quality

  • Institutions – Ministries of Environment, Ministries of Health, Inspectorates, Institutes. Have been strengthened in the pre-accession period.

  • Legislation – fully transposed Air Quality Framework Directive and daugther directives, Emission into Air Directives: VOC from petrol, VOC from solvents, sulphur content in liquid fuels. Problems with implementation?

  • Primary air pollutant criteria standards – harmonised with EU standards, identical targets, sometimes extended deadlines.


Fuel quality 1

Fuel Quality (1)

  • Institutions for fuel quality control – different ministries set policies, control lies with Inspectorates or institutes. Capacity?

  • Legislation – full transposition of relevant legislation: Council regulation 2964/95 on registration of crude oil imports and deliveries; EC Dir. 98/70/EC on quality of petrol and diesel fuels; EC Dir. 2003/17/EC amending 98/70/EC. Problems with implementation?

  • Fuel quality standards are harmonised with EU Directive 98/70/EC on quality of petrol and diesel fuels.


Fuel quality 2

Fuel Quality (2)

Problems:

  • insufficient control activities?

  • financial resources for laboratory tests?

  • illegal import of low quality fuels from neighbouring countries?

  • strengthening of institutions?

  • database of fuel stations?


Fq 2 sulphur and lead content in petrol and diesel national specifications

FQ (2) – sulphur and lead content in petrol and diesel – national specifications


Fq s lead content in petrol current status

FQ (s) – lead content in petrol – current status


Promotion of environment friendly fuels

Promotion of environment friendly fuels


Vehicle emissions

Vehicle emissions

  • Diesel passenger cars 10%-25%

  • LDV, HDV, buses – mostly diesel

  • Converters - Slo (72%), Sk (56%), Est (24%)

  • Relatively old fleet – mostly 11-20 years

  • Own production – Czech R., Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia

  • Limitations on import (age cap Cz, )

  • Catalytic converters required – Slo, Sk


Promotion of environment friendly vehicles

Promotion of environment friendly vehicles


Issues to be addressed during workshop 1

Issues to be addressed during workshop (1)

  • Present and planned activities in studied topics, esp. lead phase-out and sulphur reduction

  • Refineries’ ability to produce cleaner fuels – financial implications

  • Public awareness on health impact. Measures?

  • Institutional strengthening air quality, fuel quality. Is it needed? What kind?

  • Air quality and fuel quality legislation. Is implementation on track? Transposition for SEE countries?


Issues to be addressed during workshop 2

Issues to be addressed during workshop (2)

  • Fuel quality control – laboratories, testing equipment

  • Policy incentives to increase the market share of unleaded gasoline and speed up the complete phase-out of leaded gasoline

  • Specific approach to phasing out leaded gasoline – good examples. How is it done?

  • Promotion of environment friendly vehicles – innovative policies


Support points for the opening 1

How?

  • Share good and bad country experiences

  • Brainstorm on what has to be done

  • Draft a list of follow up steps and actions

  • Discuss financial needs, capacity building needs

  • Complete research data where it is missing!


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