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Les systèmes et les moyens d’observation de la région Méditerranéenne (air, terre, mer). Stéphane Blain. OSU Banyuls/mer Université Pierre et marie Curie. Avec le concours de G. Bergametti, F. Dulac, P. Cochonnat, V. Ducrocq. La région méditerranéenne ?. A I R. L A N D. S E A.

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slide1

Les systèmes et les moyens d’observation

de la région Méditerranéenne

(air, terre, mer).

Stéphane Blain

OSU Banyuls/mer

Université Pierre et marie Curie

Avec le concours de G. Bergametti, F. Dulac, P. Cochonnat, V. Ducrocq

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La région méditerranéenne ?

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Coast line 46,000 km , surface 2.5 106 km2

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KOPERNIKUS,….observing our planet for a safer word

  • ….. formerly known as GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security), is a European initiative for the implementation of information services dealing with environment and security

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  • Kopernikus is based on observation data received from Earth Observation satellites and ground based information. These data will be coordinated, analysed and prepared for end-users.
  • Kopernikus is built up gradually: it starts with a pilot phase which targets the availability of a first set of operational GMES services by 2008 followed by the development of an extended range of services which meet user requirements.

.

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KOPERNIKUS

EU-funded Integrated Projects developing pre-operational GMES services

GEOLAND , MERSEA,PREVIEW, GEMS, LIMES

EU-Funded Projects supporting GMES Implementation

BOSS4GMES, HUMBOLDT –TANGO

Network of Excellence supporting security applications under GMES

GMOSS

ESA GMES Services ElementFOREST, LAND, TERRAFIRMA, RIS-EOS, RESPOND

GMFS MARCOAST POLAR VIEW MARISS PROMOTE

Other Projects in Support of GMES Activities

GIGAS, NESIS, OASIS, ORCHESTRA, OSIRIS, WIN

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MERSEA

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In situ observing system

Floats

Times series

Vessels

Gliders

Data Managment

Argo

GOSUd

OCEANSITES

ENACT/ENSEMBLE

Quality control

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Mediterranean Sea SST as seen by the MFS 1/16° forecasting system

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EURO GOOS

What observations do we have ?

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overview of existing continued stations and sections

EURO GOOS

Overview of existing continued stations and sections

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Overview of existing continued stations and sections

toute l observation n est pas dans kopernikus

Towards an integrated system of Mediterranean marine observatories La Spezia (Italy), 16 - 19 January 2008, 144 p. (234 refs).

Mussel watch

Toute l’observation n’est pas dans KOPERNIKUS

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Also SESAME, EUROSITES

EUROCEANS …..

Other EU

projects

AMP, Natura 2000, CENSUS OF MARINE

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KOPERNIKUS

The prototype atmospheric services of Kopernikus are currently provided by two cooperating consortia that operate

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the PROMOTEGMES Service Element project funded by the

European Space Agency,

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and the GEMS project funded by the European Commission

as part of the 6th Framework Programme for Research,

Technical Development and Demonstration.

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KOPERNIKUS

Global and regional Earth-system (Atmosphere) Monitoring using Satellite and in-situ data (GEMS)

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Mais aussi

ACCENT : Atmospheric composition change the european network of excellence

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A number of research infrastructures (research aircraft, laboratory facilities, advanced analytical instrumentation and/or monitoring stations) are currently operational in Europe for atmospheric studies. New methodologies for the investigation of atmospheric mechanisms, generation of original and high quality data for modelling purposes have emphasised the need for advanced facilities over Europe.

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KOPERNIKUS PREVIEW : Fires, Windstorms, floods, lanslides,

Earthquake and vulcanoes, man made

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KOPERNIKUS

Land Environmental Services operationally provide sound, reliable and affordable land related geo-information products on the regional, European and global scale.

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By the combined analysis of data received from Earth Observation satellites and ground based measuring networks theses services provide wide-area and cross-boarder harmonized geo-information products for a multitude of thematic areas, like land use / land cover change, soil sealing, water quality and availability, spatial planning, forest management, carbon storage and global food security.

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KOPERNIKUS

GEOLAND Observatories

The Regional Services focus on the implementation of newly established European Directives:

Nature protection observatories (ONP) addressing the Habitats and Bird Directive, the Ramsar Convention, the Convention on Biological Diversity

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Spatial Planning Observatories (OSP) addressing the European Spatial Development Perspective, and the European Spatial Observatory Network.

Water and Soil Observatory (OWS) addressing the Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, and the Water Framework Directive; this observatory is subdivided into the thematic areas OWS-Water and OWS-Soil;

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The Global Services are directed towards the support of policies addressing Global Change and Sustainable Development:

Natural carbon Fluxes Observatories addressing the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change;

Global land Cover and Forest Change Observatory (OLF) addressing the UN Forum on Forest, and the Forest and Development Communication of the Commission, Support of Environmental Measure in Developing Countries;

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KOPERNIKUS

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http://www.gmes-forest.info/pages/service_ghg.htm

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KOPERNICUS PREVIEW

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Grèce

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Turquie

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Mais aussi

ESONET European Sea Observatory Network of Excellence

EMSO European Multidisciplinary Seafloor Observatory (listed

In the European strategy forum on Research Infrastructure ESFRI)

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LIGURIAN SITE

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ET EN FRANCE ?

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ET EN FRANCE ?

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Services d’Observation de l’INSU

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Atmosphere : 9 SO

Observatoires de Recherche en Environnement (ORE)

Ocean : 5 SO

SIC : 6 SO

Terre : 8 SO

+ 2 sites nationaux d’observation

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ET EN FRANCE ?

BEAM : Biophysicochimie de l\'Eau Atmosphérique et Modifications anthropiques

CESOA : Cycle atmosphérique du soufre en relation avec le climat aux moyennes et hautes latitudes Sud

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GLACIOCLIM : Les glaciers un observateur du climat

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IDAF: Les glaciers un observateur du climat

MOZAIC : Measurements of OZone and water vapour by in-service AIrbus airCraft

NDSC France : Réseau d\'observation des changements de la stratosphère et notamment de l\'ozone

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ORA/photon : Observatoire de Recherche sur les Aérosols

PAES: Pollution Atmosphérique à l\'Echelle Synoptique

RAMCES: Réseau Atmosphérique de Mesure des Composés à Effet de Serre

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French Observatories

OISO : Océan Indien Service d\'Observation / CARbon AUStral

SOMLIT : Service d’observation du milieu littoral

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SSS: Service d\'observation de la salinité des océans, Sea Surface Salinity

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PIRATA : PIlot Research moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic

ROSAME : Réseau d\'Observation Sub-antarctique et Antarctique du niveau de la MEr

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MOOSE :Mediterranean Ocean Observation multi-Sites

on Environment

Réseaux de surveillance de l’IFREMER

RNO, REPHY, REMI, RSL, RINBIO, surveillance malaïgue

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French Observatories

AMMA-CATCH : Observatoire de la variabilité climatique Tropicale et de son impact hydrologique en Afrique de l\'Ouest

BVET : Fonctionnement hydrogéochimique de Bassins Versants Expérimentaux en milieu granitique Tropical

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H+: Réseau national de sites hydrogéologiques

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HYBAM : HYdrologie et Biogéochimie de l\'AMazone

OHMCV : Observatoire Hydro-Météorologique méditerranéen Cévennes-Vivarais

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OSR : Observatoire régional sur les surfaces et interfaces continentales

+ ….

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French Observatories

SO en Géodésie Gravimétrie

Renag : Réseau national des stations GPS permanentes

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SO sismologie

RAP : Réseau accélérométrique permanent

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Renass: réseau national de surveillance sismique

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SO volcanologie

SO magnétisme

+ site ligure de EMSO, …

slide26

QUESTIONS?

Niveau national

  • Quel est le degré d’intégration air/terre/mer et air-terre-mer

pour les observations françaises de la région méditerranéenne

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Niveau européen

  • Quel est le degré exact de l’implication des observatoires francais pertinent pour l’observation de la région méditerranéenne dans le dispositif Européen actuel.

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  • Quels efforts sont à fournir pour faire mieux.

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  • en liaison avec les chantiers:
      • ce dispositif est il suffisant, à modifier
      • à compléter dans une perspective post-chantier?

Niveau pan-méditerranéen

  • Forte Dissymétrie Europe – Afrique Moyen Orient de la densité des
  • Observations de terrain Air Terre Mer
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