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www.internet2.edu. Internet2. Internet2 y Ecuador Heather Boyles [email protected] Ana Preston [email protected] ESPOL Guayaquil, Ecuador Marzo 26 2002. Reunion en Ecuador. Internet2: ¿ que es Internet2 y como inicia? Organizaci ó n Areas de trabajo y enfoque

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internet2

Internet2

Internet2 y Ecuador

Heather Boyles

[email protected]

Ana Preston

[email protected]

ESPOLGuayaquil, Ecuador

Marzo 26 2002

reunion en ecuador
Reunion en Ecuador
  • Internet2: ¿que es Internet2 y como inicia?
  • Organización
  • Areas de trabajo y enfoque
  • Infraestructura
  • Internacional
  • Internet2 y Ecuador
internet crecimiento y exito
Internet: crecimiento y exito

Millones

de

Personas

Source:Nua Internet Surveys

historia de internet
Historia de Internet
  • Origenes: ARPAnet (Advanced Research Projects Agency) Departamento de Defensa
  • 1987 -- NSFnet
    • Privatizada en 1995
  • 1996
    • Telecomm Act
    • Explosion de la WWW
    • Federal Next Generation Internet Initiative
      • National Science Foundation (NSF) provee fondos (grants) para que las universidades establezcan enlaces a redes de alta capacidad
    • Nace Internet2
  • 1999
    • Abilene (la red del proyecto Internet2) entra en produccion
internet actualmente no
Internet, actualmente, no
  • hay rendimiento [perfomance] reliable de fin a fin (end-to-end)
  • promueve coperacion y colaboracion con nuevas capacidades
  • permite el que se prueben nuevas technologias
  • soporta el desarrollo de aplicaciones revolucionarias
internet2 mision y metas
Internet2: Mision y Metas
  • desarrollo e implementacion de aplicaciones avanzadas y y tecnologias de redes de alta capacidad (de investigacion) acelerando el desarrollo del Internet del futuro.
    • permite que se desarrollen una nueva generacion de aplicaciones
    • crear una red de investigacion y educacion de primer nivel
    • promover la transferencia de tecnologias y experiencias al Internet global (production Internet
espiral de desarrollo de internet
Espiral de desarrollo de Internet

Commercialization

Privatization

Today’sInternet

Internet2

Research and

Development

Partnerships

Source: Ivan Moura Campos

organizacion
Organizacion
  • Membresias (por universidad)
    • Executive
    • Engineering
    • Applications
    • Middleware
  • UCAID: corporacion (not-for-profit)
    • Staff: ~55
    • la mayoria “prestados” [‘leased’] de universidades
  • Facilitar, Cordinar, Proveer infraestructura en conjunto donde se necesite
organizacion1
Organizacion
  • Presidentes y Rectores de las universidades: representantes con voto ante el Consejo Directivo (Board)
  • Consejo Directivo
  • Advisory councils with board seats
    • Applications Strategy
    • Network Planning and Policy
    • Network Research Liaison
    • Industry Liaison Council
por que liderazgo universitario
¿Por que liderazgo universitario?
  • gestacion del Internet: en la comunidad academica:
    • Stanford -- Internet protocols
    • NSFNet -- scaled-up Internet
    • CERN -- WWW protocols
    • University of Illinois -- Web browser (Mosaic)
  • La mision de investigacion y educacion de las universidades requiere un Internet de alta capacidad. Las universidades han demostrado que lo pueden desarrollar.
internet2 relaciones partnerships
Internet2: Relaciones (partnerships)
  • Universidades de Internet2 estan recreando las relaciones y colaboraciones que dieron que hicieron posible al Internet en su infancia.
    • Industria
    • Gobierno
    • Internacional
internet2 u s government separados pero inter dependientes
Internet2/U.S. Government: Separados pero inter-dependientes
  • U.S. Next Generation Internet
    • Establecido por el gobierno federal
    • Enfocado a las necesidades de agencias federales.
  • Internet2
    • Establecido por educacion superior.
    • Enfocado a investigacion y educacion.
  • Inter-dependiente:
    • Fondos de agencias gubernamentales: a la investigacion, enlaces y desarrollo de aplicaciones.
    • Proyectos en ciencia y tecnologia cada vez mas dependientes de una infrastructura “persistente” de alta capacidad  proveida por Internet2
industria gobierno relaciones
Industria / Gobierno Relaciones
  • Industria
    • Goal #3: Transfer technology to commercial internet
    • Internet2 community provides testbed, early adopters
  • Gobierno
    • Explore implementation of lab research
    • Support universities’ ability to engage in gov’t-funded research projects (with other universities, gov’t labs)
otras membresias
Otras membresias
  • Mas de 70 Internet2 miembros corporativos
  • Mas de 40 Miembros Afiliados
  • Agencias de Investigacion Gubernamentales:
    • National Institutes of Health
    • National Science Foundation
    • NASA
    • NOAA
    • USGS (Earth Resources Observations Systems)
internet2 metas
Internet2: Metas
  • Dar la pauta (‘enable’) para una nueva generacion de aplicaciones
  • Recrear capacidades de red (para la investigacion y educacion) que sean leading “edge”
  • Transferir la tecnologia y experiencias a Internet de produccion.
estructura como funciona internet2
Estructura: como funciona Internet2
  • Universidades proveen/asignan:
    • Engineering lead: conectar universidad con otras universidades (como parte de Internet2) y implementar nuevas tecnologias.
    • Applications lead: dar soporte y apoyo al desarrollo de aplicaciones en la universidad.
    • Middleware architect: trabajar con I2MI (Internet2 Middleware Initiative) para la implementacion de una infraestructura de middleware.
  • Grupos de Trabajo:
    • Expertos/Interesados dentro de la comunidad
    • Encabezados por voluntario(s) (a veces staff de Internet2)
    • Apoyo por parte de Internet2 (staff)
estructura como funciona internet2 cont
Estructura: como funciona Internet2, cont.
  • Proyectos, e.g. Abilene
    • Grupo Executive y Grupo del Proyecto
    • Qwest, Cicso, Nortel
    • Indiana University provee el NOC
  • Proyectos, e.g. Shibboleth
    • IBM provee el coding
    • Desarrollo por MACE (voluntarios en la comunidad)
    • Apoyados por Staff
  • Internet2 Staff
    • Primodiarlmene: facilatar, cordinar, ayudar
    • ~50
internet2 areas de enfoque
Internet2: Areas de Enfoque
  • Advanced Applications
  • Middleware
  • Engineering
  • Advanced Network Infrastructure
  • Partnerships
disciplinas contextos
Ciencias

Arte

Humanidades

Salud

Negocios/Leyes

Administracion

Biblioteca

Salones/Aulas

Clinica

Officina

Laboratorios

Dormitorios

Disciplinas/Contextos
caracteristicas de las aplicaciones
Colaboracion Interactiva

Acceso en tiempo real a recursos e instrumentos remotos

Caracteristicas de las Aplicaciones
caracteristicas cont
Large-scale, multi-site computation and data mining

Shared virtual reality

Any combination of the above

Caracteristicas, cont.
remote scanning electron microscope

Remote Scanning Electron Microscope

The University of Michigan

real time tele operation of remote equipment north carolina state university http carl ce ncsu edu

Real-Time Tele-Operation of Remote EquipmentNorth Carolina State Universityhttp://CARL.ce.ncsu.edu/

tele vator
Tele-vator
  • Excavation backhoe operated remotely over Internet2
  • Used in hazardous rescue situations
  • Sophisticated two-way feedback using stereovision
the grid
“the Grid”
  • Recursos globales accesibles (a la disposicion) de comunidades de investigadores
  • Protocolos, servicios y aplicaciones que permiten nuevas formas de colaboracion
grid recursos
Grid : Recursos

Instrumentos

Bibliotecas

Workstations

Personas

Data sets

examples
Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation

Collaboration environment for earthquake researchers (e.g., structural engineers, geotechnical and tsunami scientists)

Grid Physics Network

Petabyte scale environment for data-intensive applications (Large Hadron Collider, Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory)

Examples
grid proyectos
Grid: Proyectos
  • NEESGrid
    • www.neesgrid.org
  • GriPhyN
    • www.griphyn.org
  • S/W infrastructure
    • www.gridforum.org
  • Research: Sensornets
    • Networked nanotechnology
high fidelity digital video audio
High Fidelity Digital Video/Audio

Teaching Music

University of Oklahoma

video futures
Video Futures
  • Tele-immersive “Office of the Future”

Source: University of North Carolina

the internet2 commons
The Internet2 Commons
  • Esfuerzo para promover y dar apoyo a colaboraciones de larga escala de la comunidad educativa y de investigacion distribuidamente.
    • Enabling one-to-one, one-to-group, and group-to-group collaboration
    • Supporting personal communications, meetings, conferences, and teaching and learning
    • For Internet2 members and their international counterparts
slide41

Other Collaborative Technologies

The Internet2 Commons

Data Sharing

Instant Messaging

Voice/IP

Electronic Notebooks

Peer to Peer

Collaboratories

Others

H.323

VRVS

Videoconferencing Technologies

AG

MPEG2

Others

internet2 areas de enfoque1
Internet2: Areas de Enfoque
  • Advanced Applications
  • Middleware
  • Engineering
  • Advanced Network Infrastructure
  • Partnerships
middleware
Middleware

}

Applications

  • Authentication, Identification, Authorization, Directories, Security

Advanced Network Services (Distributed Network Middleware)

Advanced Physical Network Infrastructure

internet2 middleware initiative
Internet2 Middleware Initiative
  • Focus on core middleware as infrastructure
  • Interoperability
    • 190 universities will never buy the same software
  • Getting stuff implemented
    • Best practices
  • Integrate across applications
    • Discourage ‘islands’ of middleware infrastructure
    • E.g. core mware just for this grid project
  • Enable community to share resources
    • Grid, remote instruments, shared classes
i2mi core middleware activities
I2MI core middleware activities
  • Identifiers
    • Early Adopters - survey/docs about how campuses are assigning and relating identifiers
  • Authentication
    • WebISO (Web Initial Sign-on): share expertise, code
  • Directories
    • DoDHE: Dir. of Directories for HE: inter-institutional directory searching, using eduPerson and LDAP Recipe
    • eduPerson: an LDAP object class that includes widely-used person attributes in higher education
    • LDAP Recipe: promote common design
  • Authorization
  • Certificates and PKI
    • Internet2 PKI Labs
internet2 areas de enfoque2
Internet2: Areas de Enfoque
  • Advanced Applications
  • Middleware
  • Engineering
  • Advanced Network Infrastructure
  • Partnerships
engineering
Engineering
  • Scalable IP Multicast
    • http://www.internet2.edu/multicast/
  • IPv6
  • Quality of Service: QBone
    • http://www.internet2.edu/qbone/
  • Network Security
  • Measurement
internet2 areas de enfoque3
Internet2: Areas de Enfoque
  • Advanced Applications
  • Middleware
  • Engineering
  • Advanced Network Infrastructure
  • Partnerships
internet2 infraestructura de red
Internet2 Infraestructura de Red
  • Backbones operan a 2.4 Gbps (OC48) [en progreso: upgrade a 10Gbps]
  • GigaPoPs proveen puntos de agregacion de alta capacidad a nivel regional
  • Redes locales de los campuses proveen 100 Mbps al desktop
internet2 arquitectura de la red

Internet2Backbone Networks

Internet2: Arquitectura de la Red

GigaPoP

One

GigaPoP

Two

GigaPoP

Four

GigaPoP

Three

arquitectura cont

University A

Internet2 Interconnect

Cloud

GigaPoP

One

Regional Network

Commercial

Internet

Connections

University C

University B

Arquitectura – cont.
internet2 backbone networks
Internet2 Backbone Networks

Donna Cox,Robert Patterson, NCSA

abilene peering internacional

09 January 2002

Sacramento

Washington

Los Angeles

Abilene: Peering Internacional

STAR TAP/Star Light

APAN/TransPAC, Ca*net3, CERN, CERnet, FASTnet, GEMnet, IUCC, KOREN/KREONET2, NORDUnet, RNP2, SURFnet, SingAREN, TAnet2

Pacific Wave

AARNET, APAN/TransPAC, CA*net3, TANET2

NYCM

BELNET, CA*net3,

GEANT*,

HEANET, JANET,

NORDUnet

SNVA

GEMNET, SINET, SingAREN, WIDE

LOSA

UNINET

OC3-OC12

San Diego (CALREN2)

CUDI

AMPATH

ANSP, REUNA, RNP2 RETINA

El Paso (UACJ-UT El Paso)

CUDI

* ARNES, CARNET, CESnet, DFN, GRNET, RENATER, RESTENA, SWITCH, HUNGARNET, GARR-B, POL-34, RCCN, RedIRIS

internet2 areas de enfoque4
Internet2: Areas de Enfoque
  • Advanced Applications
  • Middleware
  • Engineering
  • Advanced Network Infrastructure
  • Partnerships
internet2 international goals
Internet2 International Goals
  • Ensure global interoperability
    • of the next generation of Internet technologies and applications
  • Enable global collaboration
    • in research and education providing/promoting the development of an advanced networking environment internationally
international partners
International Partners
  • Build effective partnerships in other countries
  • With organizations of similar goals/objectives and similar constituencies
  • Mechanism: Memoranda of Understanding
mou in brief
MoU in brief
  • Provide/promote interconnectivity between communities
  • Collaborate on technology development and deployment
  • Facilitate collaboration between members on applications
  • Encourage technology transfer
international mou partners

Europe-Middle East

ARNES (Slovenia)

BELNET (Belgium)

CARNET (Croatia)

CESnet (Czech Republic)

DANTE (Europe)

DFN-Verein (Germany)

GIP RENATER (France)

GRNET (Greece)

HEAnet (Ireland)

HUNGARNET (Hungary)

INFN-GARR (Italy)

Israel-IUCC (Israel)

NORDUnet (Nordic Countries)

POL-34 (Poland)

RCCN (Portugal)

RedIRIS (Spain)

RESTENA (Luxembourg)

Stichting SURF (Netherlands)

SWITCH (Switzerland)

TERENA (Europe)

JISC, UKERNA (United Kingdom)

Americas

CANARIE (Canada)

CUDI (Mexico)

REUNA (Chile)

RETINA (Argentina)

RNP2 (Brazil)

SENACYT (Panama)

Asia-Pacific

AAIREP (Australia)

APAN (Asia-Pacific)

APAN-KR (Korea)

APRU (Asia-Pacific)

CERNET, CSTNET, NSFCNET (China)

JAIRC (Japan)

JUCC (Hong Kong)

NECTEC / UNINET (Thailand)

SingAREN (Singapore)

TAnet2 (Taiwan)

International MoU Partners
americas
Americas
  • Canada, U.S. and Mexico connected at multiple points
  • New connections via Miami to Argentina, Brazil, Chile
  • Building infrastructure between research and education communities
ca net http www canarie ca

CANARIE

GigaPOP

Edmonton

Saskatoon

Prince George

St. John’s

Calgary

Regina

Winnipeg

Quebec

Charlottetown

Thunder Bay

Montreal

Europe

Victoria

Ottawa

Vancouver

Fredericton

CANARIE

Optical switches

Halifax

Seattle

Chicago

New York

CA*net 4 node

Toronto

Possible future CA*net 4 node

Windsor

CA*nethttp://www.canarie.ca
  • Currently procuring CA*net4 network
  • Wavelength-based
  • Connects provincial networks

Source: Bill St. Arnaud, CANARIE

mexico http www cudi edu mx
Mexicohttp://www.cudi.edu.mx
  • ~45 members
  • 155 Mbps backbone
  • International (US):
    • 155 Mbps” via Tijuana – San Diego (with transit from CALREN2 to Abilene)
    • 100 Mbps Point to Point wireless between Ciudad Juarez and El Paso
    • Posible DWDM via Texas ?
  • “Convenios internacionales” con Canada, Interent2 (US), CENIC, REUNA
ampath http ampath fiu edu
AMPATHhttp://ampath.fiu.edu
  • Florida International University and Global Crossing led
  • Potential to connect 10 countries at 45mbps each
  • Peering through Miami (collocated with SFGP)
  • Service area includes: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Panama, Peru, US Virgin Islands, Venezuela
chile http www reuna cl
Red Universitaria Nacional – REUNA

10 POP’s from Arica to Valdivia

155 Mbps ATM/SDH Network

Centrally operated from Santiago

Basic Internet and Internet2 services

REUNA3: Gigabit Backbone Project

Iquique

Antofagasta

Copiapó

La Serena

Valparaíso

Santiago

Talca

Concepción

Temuco

Valdivia

Chilehttp://www.reuna.cl

Geographical Distribution of REUNA2 POP’s

chile cont proyecto redes opticas para internet del futuro
Chile, cont.Proyecto: Redes Opticas para Internet del Futuro
  • 4 Nodes: 3 in Santiago, 1 in Valparaiso
  • Dark Fiber provided from Santiago to Valparaiso (140 Km) by ImpSat
  • Dark Fiber provided in Santiago by Manquehue.Net
  • Institutions involved:
    • UTFSM, USACH, U. de Chile, UTA, UFRO, REUNA
brazil http www rnp br http www ansp br
Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa - RNP

Connecting ~27 Brazilian states at 155 Mbps.

RNP2 (45 Mbps via AMPATH)

ANSP (State of Sao Paolo) 45Mbps via AMPATH

Brazilhttp://www.rnp.brhttp://www.ansp.br
argentina http www retina ar
Argentinahttp://www.retina.ar
  • Red Teleinformática Académica
  • Red RETINA:
  • Connecting ~25 institutions
  • Retina2: 45 Mbps via AMPATH
costa rica http www crnet cr
National Research Network - CRNet Costa Ricahttp://www.crnet.cr
  • Internet2 connectivity possibly through Los Arcos to Miami
coming up
Coming up…
  • MoU in place:
    • Panama
    • Colombia

MoU in progress:

    • Ecuador
    • Venezuela

Other:

    • Nicaragua
    • Guatemala
    • Colombia
    • Peru, Uruguay
    • Cuba
more internet2 information
More Internet2 Information

http://www.internet2.edu/international

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