Avantgarde and Underground. Introduction into the Critical Theory and History in Czechoslovakia 1930´s – 1968. Avantgarde in the 20´s. Dada, Surrealism Duchamp, Fountain Zurich 1916-1922, anti-art rational thought and burgeois values brought terrifying conflict upon the world
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Avantgarde and Underground
Introduction into the Critical Theory and History in Czechoslovakia
1930´s – 1968
1923 left-wing German-Jewish intellectuals analyzing culture in the condition of mass production
TheodoreAdorno (1903-1970), Max Horkheimer (1895-1973), HerbertMarcuse (1889-1978), Walter Benjamin (1892-1940).
disbelief in scientific and rational progress
Technology used to propagate ideology through mass culture
After TV - the working class has been pacified into accepting capitalism – no social revolution possible
Erich Fromm, The Art of Loving
1. WWII: an underground organization of a conquered country engaging in sabotage and secrete operations against occupation forces and collaborators (Webster’s New E Dictionary, 1995)
2. "the underground“ against the totalitarian regimes 1948-1989
3. “subcultural” and “civic” underground.
Against consumer society, multinational corporations, neo-liberal capitalism, etc.