The Reconstruction Era. Journal – Reconstruction Goals Think about the disunity in America, the Economic, Political and Social problems that must be dealt with as the Civil War ended. Brain storm about the problems that needed to be addressed. Instructions: write in complete sentences
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Think about the disunity in America,
the Economic, Political and
Social problems that must
be dealt with as
the Civil War ended.
Brain storm about the problems that
needed to be addressed.
Instructions:write in complete sentences
for the United States as they begin the
* Goals should be details or specifics
on how to carry them out
> How can Northern resources help the South?
> Ways the South can rebuild their economy
> Assistance to newly freed slaves
> Bringing the Confederate states back into the union
> New laws
with the Union
2. Redefine the rights
and status of blacks
3. Literally rebuild the
1860 voting pop. agreed
for actions of a few
rank Confed. leaders
Why was he Lincoln’s V.P.?
who supported abolition
given to wealthy & Confed.
leaders by the Pres.
- South liked plan
- Punish the South
- Push for more equality
He was not able to carry it out
He wanted easy transition
The President - him
> made emancipation legal
naturalized persons were citizens and
had the same rights as citizens
> nullified the Supreme Courts decision
on the Dred Scott case
based on race, color, or previousservitude
A. Economic struggles
B. Blacks register to vote
C. Freedmen’s Bureau
D. Carpetbaggers & Scalawags
E. Black Codes
Treatment & Progress for Blacks
> laws intended to stop the movement
of equality for blacks
> codes restored restrictions of
(ex. SC & MS Plans)
Precursor to Jim Crow Laws
- poll tax
- grandfather clause
set up hospitals, schools, and
* Greatest contribution - education
Arranges credit for sharecroppers, may own store
Owes balance of crops
Owes labor + 1/3 to ½ of crop
Provides land, seed, tools, work animal
Provides credit to buy food, clothes, etc.
- planters had land worked
w/out paying workers
- workers had a place to live
- No income until harvest
- had to buy goods on credit
- had to work out of poverty
> drove a wedge between himself and
> 1st time Congress had done this
Checks and Balance
Use cartoon analysis
- to charge Federal official with a crime
i.e. - removed military leaders who helped blacks
- vetoed Freedmen Act & Civil Rights Act
- violated the Tenure of Office Act
~ due to fear of restrictions
being placed on blacks
for voting for Grant
- southern democrats
up education facilities
- college for blacks
in elementary schools
in state legislature
Answer these questions in complete sentences
1. What candidate carried most of the South?
2. Why do you think most of the South voted for him?
3. What candidate carried the west?
4. What appears to be unusual about this election?
> Democrat - Sam Tilden
> Rep. - Rutherford Hayes
> SC, LA, and FL
- all still had military reconstruction gov'ts
IF…. Hayes would remove the
last federal troops out of the South
i.e. Segregation in public places
stage as Jim Crow
referred to blacks
- he sued claiming unconstitutional
Success or Failure ??
Read Point / Counter Point
on p. 400
and answer the following
2. What caused the loss of support for
3. How did racial bias affect the success of
4. What are the 2 major arguments each side
makes for the failure or success of
5. Do you feel it was a success or failure? WHY?
Pages - Reconstruction
13 (Plessy v. Ferguson)
18 (Black codes, Jim Crow laws)
Pages – Civil War
9 (Anaconda Plan)
12 (Emancipating the slaves)