Antigone. English 9(1). Activator. Think of a time when you believed that you were right about a situation. What was that situation, and with whom did you disagree? When you are right, how far will you go in asserting your beliefs?. The Essential Question.
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Think of a time when you believed
that you were right about a situation.
What was that situation, and with
whom did you disagree?
When you are right, how far will you
go in asserting your beliefs?
Is it our responsibility to rebel against and break an unjust law?
Consider: The Patriot Act
Drama originated during ancient Greek celebrations in the honor of Dionysus, the god of wine.
The chorus serves as an intermediary
between the actors and the audience.
They produce imagery through their
words to create scenery that in those
days did not exist.
Consider how the chorus’ attitude towards Creon changes throughout the play.
The Greek philosopher Aristotle divided the means of persuasion and appeals into three categories:
Ethos, Pathos and Logos.
Consider how each of these values are explored in the drama.
Be sure to take notes on each strategy of persuasion as it appears in the play.
Tracking RhetoricThe first column identifies the persuasive technique, the second identifies the quote or image that applies. The third column is for your notes.
Rituals for the Dead
The Gates of Hades
The entire plot of Antigone is based on previous actions in Oedipus the King.
A quick summary from Shmoop.com:
Oedipus the King Summary
How It All Goes Down
King Oedipus, aware that a terrible curse has befallen Thebes, sends his brother-in-law, Creon, to seek the advice of Apollo. Creon informs Oedipus that the curse will be lifted if the murderer of Laius, the former king, is found and prosecuted. Laius was murdered many years ago at a crossroads.
Oedipus dedicates himself to the discovery and prosecution of Laius’s murderer. Oedipus subjects a series of unwilling citizens to questioning, including a blind prophet. Teiresias, the blind prophet, informs Oedipus that Oedipus himself killed Laius. This news really bothers Oedipus, but his wife Jocasta tells him not to believe in prophets, they've been wrong before.
As an example, she tells Oedipus about how she and King Laius had a son who was prophesied to kill the father and have sex with her. Well, she and Laius had the child killed, so obviously that prophecy didn't come true…?
Jocasta's story doesn't comfort Oedipus.
As a child, an old man told Oedipus that he was adopted, and that he would eventually kill his biological father and sleep with his biological mother. Not to mention, Oedipus once killed a man at a crossroads, which sounds a lot like the way Laius died.
Jocasta urges Oedipus not to look into the past any further, but he stubbornly ignores her. Oedipus goes on to question a messenger and a shepherd, both of whom have information about how Oedipus was abandoned as an infant and adopted by a new family.
In a moment of insight, Jocasta realizes that she is Oedipus’s mother and that Laius was his father. Horrified at what has happened, she kills herself. Shortly thereafter, Oedipus, too, realizes that he was Laius’s murder and that he’s been married to (and having children with) his mother. In horror and despair, he gouges his eyes out and is exiled from Thebes.
*Remember, Creon is Oedipus’ brother who gained control of Theses after Oedipus’ exile and death.
*Recall a connection to the essential question.
show me a greater crime in all the earth!
She, she destroys cities, rips up houses,
breaks the ranks of spearmen into headlong rout.
But the ones who last it out, the great mass of them
owe their lives to discipline. Therefore
we must defend the men who live by law,
never let some woman triumph over us.
Better to fall from power, if fall we must,
at the hands of a man—never be rated
inferior to a woman, never.