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Virtual Silk Highway project Creating NRENs in Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus Region Robert Janz Computing Centre University of Groningen The Netherlands. The Silk project. The Central Asian and Caucasus region The NATO Science programme IT in Central Asia and the Caucasus

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Virtual Silk Highway project

Creating NRENs in Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus Region

Robert Janz

Computing Centre University of Groningen

The Netherlands


The silk project
The Silk project

  • The Central Asian and Caucasus region

  • The NATO Science programme

  • IT in Central Asia and the Caucasus

  • Bringing Internet to the region: Silk

  • Current status

  • Future plans


Harvey B. Newman

California Institute of TechnologyICFA Seminar, CERNOctober 9, 2002

ICFA Standing Committee on Interregional Connectivity (SCIC)



The r le of nato in the region
The rôle of NATO in the region?

  • Three dimensions of NATO

    • Political

    • Military

    • Science

  • Science Committe

  • Networking panel


Computer networking panel
Computer Networking Panel

  • IT related projects

  • Shift of emphasises

    • Computers  Networks

    • Stand alone  Infrastructure

    • West East

    • Science  Education

    • National Regional

  • Network Infrastructure Grants

  • NATO IT consultants


The academic community
The academic community

  • Russian system

    • Clear distinction between Science and Education

    • Government controlled

  • After 1991 funding disappeared

  • Tensions

    • Between Academy and Universities

    • Between Universities


The silk project1
The Silk project

  • Prelude

  • The project definition

  • The project implementation

  • The service


Prelude to silk
Prelude to Silk

  • Extreme high costs for little connectivity

  • Increasing governmental control of Internet

  • Poor cooperation

    • Within the countries

    • Between the countries

The beginning of the Silk project in 1999


Project definition
Project definition

  • Satellite technology

  • Minimise costs in eastern countries

  • Possibility of receive only dishes

  • Connect to western academic networks

  • Organise NREN in eastern countries

  • Work towards sustainable situation


Project realisation
Project realisation

  • DVB technology

  • Smaller eastern dishes

  • Collaboration with Cisco

  • DESY Hamburg as western hub

  • Geant connection

  • EU funding for management



Silk local node
Silk local node

  • 2.4/3.8 m dish

  • Cisco 7204 router

  • Cisco Catalyst 3524 switch

  • Cisco Content Engine CE 560

  • UPS


Silk requisites
Silk requisites

  • There must be an NREN

  • The NREN has the necessary licences

  • The NREN signs for operational management

  • Sustainability

  • National Internet Exchange







Sponge project
SPONGE project

  • EU programme

    • IST Framework 5

  • Participants:

    • UCL, RUG, ARENA, GRENA

  • Four work packages

    • Project management

    • Infrastructure services

    • Technical activities

    • Personal communication


Where we stand
Where we stand

  • Silk-1 period is coming to end

  • NRENs need to become mature

  • Extension of Silk outside of the capital into the regions

  • Extend Silk support to applications and user group


Summary
Summary

  • NRENs are absolutely necessary for national coordination

  • Regional cooperation is necessity for:

    • Bargaining momentum

    • Exchange of expertise

  • Sustainability remains an issue

  • Not only connectivity, also applications and user group support

    WWW.SILKPROJECT.ORG


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