Prentice Hall Guide for College Writers Chapter Ten: Arguing. Steve Wood Tri-County Community College. Introduction. An argument is any attempt to convince or persuade someone. All writing is argumentative. Effective Arguments. The Parts of an Effective Argument
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Tri-County Community College
The Parts of an Effective Argument
There are four basic types of claims.
There are three commonly used types of appeals.
Inductive logic is the process by which we proceed from a given set of facts to a generalization based on those facts.
This is also the principle behind scientific observation. If a scientist performs a certain experiment 100 times and the results are the same, then he/she uses inductive logic to posit a conclusion.
Deductive logic is the application of inductive logic through the formation of a line of reasoning called a syllogism.
In other words, deductive logic is the application of a generalization (discovered by inductive logic) in a particular circumstance.