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South became the world’s leading producer of cotton by 1842

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South became the world’s leading producer of cotton by 1842 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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EQ: How does Eli Whitney’s cotton gin lead to the Civil War? Cotton: White Gold of Georgia: Today and Yesterday. Cotton was a profitable crop but was not grown on a large scale because of the slow and difficult process of removing seeds from cotton bolls in order to produce a usable fiber

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Presentation Transcript
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EQ: How does Eli Whitney’s cotton gin lead to the Civil War?Cotton: White Gold of Georgia: Today and Yesterday
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Cotton was a profitable crop but was not grown on a large scale because of the slow and difficult process of removing seeds from cotton bolls in order to produce a usable fiber

  • Invention of cotton gin by Eli Whitney in 1793 changed this situation
    • Gin could easily and quickly remove seeds
    • Caused a fantastic explosion in southern cotton production
  • 3000 bales in 1790
  • 178,000 bales in 1810
  • 732,000 bales in 1830
  • 4.5 million bales in 1860
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South became the world’s leading producer of cotton by 1842

    • Produced 2/3s world output and 65% of all American exports
    • Cotton mills in north depended on southern cotton
    • Prosperity in South caused by cotton made it a major market for northern manufactured products
  • Cotton was an important part of American prosperity and economic well-being
  • In 1860, 25% of all Southerners owned slaves.
  • Of that 25%
    • 52% owned 1-5 slaves
    • 35% owned 6-9 slaves
    • 11% owned 20-99 slaves
    • 1 % owned 100 or more slaves
  • Those who owned 20 or more slaves - about 3% of the entire white population - controlled the social, political, and economic power of the South.
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http://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/story/king_cotton_and_the_cotton_ginhttp://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/story/king_cotton_and_the_cotton_gin

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AAUQNMldp_Y&feature=related
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1.

  • How does the cotton gin work?2.
  • What products are made from cotton?3.
  • How do you think this cotton gin affects the slaves?4.
  • How do you think this cotton gin helps the plantation owners?5.
  • What would happen if this would never have been developed?  How would it have changed life then and now?
  • 6. How did Whitney’s cotton gin lead to the Civil War?
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