Congress. Only Americas have Congresses US Congress has powers it can exercise independent of the Executive Branch To enter Congress, one merely wins Primary and General elections; many citizens vote for “the person,” not party Congress is more powerful because it does not select the Executive
To act quickly and decisively, must be strong leadership, restrictions on debate, little committee interference, no stalling tactics
The Congress would have weak leadership, protect the views of individual members, rules allowing for delay, extensive committee involvement
Some states actually have decentralization with strong leaders—chalk that up to political party strength in those statesCompeting Values
After reading and reviewing the material in this chapter, the student should be able to do each of the following:
1. Explain the differences between a congress and a parliament and delineate the role that the Framers expected the United States Congress to play.
2. Pinpoint the significant eras in the evolution of Congress.
3. Describe the characteristics of members of Congress and outline the process for electing members of Congress.
4. Identify the functions that party affiliation plays in the organization of Congress.
5. Describe the formal process by which a bill becomes a law.
6. Identify the factors that help to explain why a member of Congress votes as he or she does.