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《 口腔预防医学 》 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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《 口腔预防医学 》. 牙周病流行病学. 上海交通大学口腔医学院 口腔 预防教研室 张玮. Periodontal diseases.  Gingivitis is defined as an inflammatory process of the gingival in which the junction epithelium, although altered by the disease, remains attached to the tooth at its original level.

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《 口腔预防医学 》

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Periodontal diseases

Gingivitisis defined as an inflammatory process of the gingival in which the junction epithelium, although altered by the disease, remains attached to the tooth at its original level.

Periodontitisis an inflammatory condition of the gingival tissues, characterized by loss of attachment of the periodontal ligament and the bony support of the tooth.


Periodontal diseases

Local factors: oral hygiene, dental plaque and calculus.

Systemic factors: unusual syndromes with defects, malnutrition and hormonology imbalance.


Periodontal Health Index


1.Oral hygiene index simplified*

2. Plaque Index

3.Turesky Modified Quigley-Hein PI *

4. Gingival Index *

5.Sulcus bleeding index

6. Gingival bleeding index

7.Community periodontal index **


1. (OHI-S)

  • Oral hygiene index simplified

  • 1960Greene & VermillionOHI

  • 28

  • 12

  • 1964OHI-S

  • 6 (161126313646)

  • 6(/161126313646)


OHI-S____?

A. 3646

B. 1626()

C. 11313646()

D. 16261131()

E. AD

E


OHI-S

  • 62


(OHI-S)

  • Debris index-simplified

    DI-S

  • Calculus index-simplified

    CI-S


(OHI-S)

  • :

  • 1) :

  • 2) :


(DI-S)


0

1

2

3

Debris index-simplified


(CI-S)


Calculus index-simplified


OHI-S

DI-S

CI-S

OHI-S


OHI-S*

*


2. (PLI)

  • Plaque index

  • 1964Silness & Loe;

  • : +;

  • 4


(PLI)


Plaque Index


(PLI)

4


3. TureskyQ-H

  • Turesky Modified Quigley-Hein Plaque Index

  • 1962Quigley-Hein

  • 0-5

  • 1970Turesky


Turesky


TureskyQ-H


Turesky


0

1


2

3

4


5


4. (GI)

  • Gingival Index

  • 1967, Silness & Loe

  • GI

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3


  • +

  • 4

    ()

    ()

    ()



Gingival Index



4


GI



5. (SBI)

  • Sulcus bleeding Index

  • SBI

  • +


SBI


6. (GBI)

  • Gingival bleeding Index

  • GBI

  • +

  • 4(31);


GBI

  • 4()

  • ()

0 =

1 =

GBI =


1.Oral hygiene index simplified*

2. Plaque Index

3.Turesky Modified Quigley-Hein PI *

4. Gingival Index *

5.Sulcus bleeding index

6. Gingival bleeding index

7.Community periodontal index **


  • Know the index (or modification)

  • Comfortable working environment

  • Dont think too hard!!!

  • Practice, Practice, Practice


1.Oral hygiene index simplified*

2. Plaque Index

3.Turesky Modified Quigley-Hein PI *

4. Gingival Index *

5.Sulcus bleeding index

6. Gingival bleeding index

7. Community periodontal index **


7. CPI

Community periodontal index

  • 1987, CPITN, WHO, , worldwide use

  • 1997, CPI, WHO/


CPI

CPICPI


CPI

  • CPI


20gCPI


CPI

>20

15-20


CPI


CPI*

X=()9=()


CPI


CPI

  • WHO

    22


CPI

  • (15)

  • CPI


  • 4647452441CPI=

    464745443CPI=

2

X


CPI

  • (15)

  • CPI


CPI

1P26

CPI

4

1


CPI

CPI

1. 2. 3. 4.

5. 6. 7.

8.3.5-5.5mm 9.5.5mm


CPI


CPI

  • ,


1.Oral hygiene index simplified*

2. Plaque Index

3.Turesky Modified Quigley-Hein PI *

4. Gingival Index *

5.Sulcus bleeding index

6. Gingival bleeding index

7.Community periodontal index **


  • The epidemic characteristics



  • 60

  • 70





  • CPI

  • Turseky

  • OHI-SGIPLI


3.0

well9h@sina.cn


Thank You

2014226


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