Iat 202 lecture 06
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 50

Iat 202 lecture 06 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 105 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Iat 202 lecture 06. s usan clements-vivian. Final project examples. http :// vimeo.com/32974077 http:// vimeo.com/32956296. today. Nature of Light Lighting purposes and functions Nature of shadows Outer and inner orientation Lighting Techniques

Download Presentation

Iat 202 lecture 06

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Iat 202 lecture 06

Iat 202 lecture 06

  • susanclements-vivian


Final project examples

Final project examples

  • http://vimeo.com/32974077

  • http://vimeo.com/32956296


Today

today

  • Nature of Light

  • Lighting purposes and functions

  • Nature of shadows

  • Outer and inner orientation

  • Lighting Techniques

    **Concepts in this lecture from Sight, Sound and Motion, chapter 2


Light and shadow

Light and shadow

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AUGPa_t8700&list=PL12836B21C8C97627


Lighting

lighting

Lighting is the direct manipulation of light and shadows for a specific communication purpose. – Zettle

Suggested reading Sight, Sound and Motion, chapter 2


Lighting1

lighting

You clarify and intensify an event through light (as you do through composition, editing, sequencing, sound….).


Light and shadow1

light and shadow

  • Lighting is about controlling shadows not illuminating an object.


Shadow and the brain

Shadow and the brain

http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/channel/brain-games/watch-this-pictures/#/brain-games-optical-illusion_38884_600x450.jpg


Attached shadow reversal

Attached shadow reversal


Attached shadow reversal1

Attached shadow reversal


Lighting outer orientation

Lighting: outer orientation

  • Shape

  • Texture

  • Position

  • Time of year

  • Time of day


Attached shadows

Attached SHADOWS

“Attached shadows on faces create a dramatic composition in John Huston’s Asphalt Jungle”


Cast shadows

Cast shadows

Last Year at Marienbad


Cast shadows1

CAST SHADOWS


Fall off

Fall off


Controlling fall off

Controlling fall off


Controlling falloff manipulation of fill light

Controlling Falloff -- manipulation of fill light

  • directional beam sharp fall off

  • floodlights produce slow fall off

  • slowing fall off - attached shadow area somewhat transparent and reducing contrast between light & dark

  • through amount of fill light or w/ reflectors

  • foggy day / no harsh shadows

  • not illuminated side that tells us about lighting but the shadows


Stand lighting set up

Stand lighting set-up

Three point lighting

Triangular arrangement of lights

Key is main source of light and

reveals shape of object.

Placed above and in front of head

Fill light is placed on opposite side of camera as key and fills in the shadows

Back light shines on back of head to increase separation from


Lighting set up

Lighting set-up?


Lighting set up1

Lighting set-up

Key light

Key light

Background light (barn doors to prevent spill)

Back light

Background left

Baselight (slow fall off)


Lighting set up2

Lighting set-up

Key light

Key light

Background light (barn doors to prevent spill)

Back light

Background left

Baselight (slow fall off)


Lighting set up3

Lighting set-up

Key light

Key light

Background light (barn doors to prevent spill)

Back light

Background left

Baselight (slow fall off)


Lighting set up4

Lighting set-up

Key light

Key light

Background light (barn doors to prevent spill)

Back light

Background left

Baselight (slow fall off)


Lighting approaches

Lighting approaches

There are two main categories for lighting:

  • high key lighting

  • low key lighting


High key flat lighting

High key / flat lighting

Key and fill lights are almost equal

Very little contrast between lightest and darkest areas of set

Almost no shadows – used for musicals, comedies and game shows


Low key

Low key

Key strong, very little fill light

Strong contrast between lightest and

darkest areas of set

Creates strong shadows –

suspense genres like film noir


Chiaroscuro

Chiaroscuro

Organic – scene looks realisticDirectional – leads eye to part of the frame

Spatial – to define spaceand balance composition

Thematic – supportstheme or story

Emotional – establish or emphasize a mood


Iat 202 lecture 06

Inland Empire, David Lynch


Iat 202 lecture 06

Inland Empire, David Lynch


Iat 202 lecture 06

Inland Empire, David Lynch


Chiaroscuro lighting

Chiaroscuro Lighting

Fast fall-off (hard light) with light/dark contrast

Articulates space, intensify three dimensions

Expressive quality – light comes from within scene

Supper at Emmaus

(Caravaggio)


Rembrandt lighting

Rembrandt Lighting


Rembrandt lighting1

Rembrandt Lighting

Selectivity and fast fall-off

Only some areas are lit whileothers are unlit or under-litThe fall-off is fast but there is enough light to make attachedshadows transparent

Background is dark but has enough illumination to set offoutline of central figure


Cameo lighting

Cameo lighting

Illuminates subject only

Usually key and back lights illuminate subjectsNo fill light is used

Subjects stand out againstdarker background


Cameo lighting1

Cameo lighting


Flat lighting

Flat lighting

Diffuse light

Light seems to come from all

directions

Opposite of chiaroscuroVery slow falloff and transparent attached and cast shadows

High key, implies high energy, efficiency, mechanization, depersonalization


Flat lighting1

Flat lighting


Other considerations

Other considerations

  • Diffuse / soft

  • hard

  • Side

  • Back


Iat 202 lecture 06

Diffuse Light or Soft Light


Iat 202 lecture 06

Direct Light or Hard Light


Iat 202 lecture 06

Silhouette Lighting

Both chiaroscuro and flat

Chiaroscuro because of lightand dark contrast

Flat because it emphasizescontour rather than volume ortexture

Opposite of cameo as it lightsbackground and not figure


Iat 202 lecture 06

SIDE LIGHTING


Direction of light emphases

Direction of Light: Emphases

Shape,

Outline

Flattens

The Image

Sculpts

Volume


White balance

White Balance


Clicker question best description of lighting

Clicker question: best description of lighting

High key light

Low key light

Prescriptive

Chiaroscuro

Flat


Iat 202 lecture 061

Iat 202 lecture 06

fin


Iat 202 lecture 06

Widescreen Test Pattern (16:9)

Aspect Ratio Test

(Should appear circular)

4x3

16x9


  • Login