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Vocabulary Review. Ch 26 - Fungi. In biology, a fungus that grows in the form of a tangled mass of filaments. Mold.

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Vocabulary Review

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Vocabulary review l.jpg

Vocabulary Review

Ch 26 - Fungi


In biology a fungus that grows in the form of a tangled mass of filaments l.jpg

In biology, a fungus that grows in the form of a tangled mass of filaments

Mold


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A very small, unicellular fungus that ferments carbohydrates into alcohol and carbon dioxide; used to ferment beer and to leaven bread and used as a source of vitamins and proteins

Yeast


A nonreproductive filament of a fungus l.jpg

A nonreproductive filament of a fungus

Hypha


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A carbohydrate that forms part of the exoskeleton of arthropods and other organisms, such as insects, crustaceans, fungi, and some algae

Chitin


The mass of fungal filaments or hyphae that forms the body of a fungus l.jpg

The mass of fungal filaments, or hyphae, that forms the body of a fungus

Mycelium


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A dividing wall, or partition, such as the wall between adjacent cells in a fungal hypha, the internal wall between adjacent s3egments of an annelid, and the thick wall between the right and left chambers of the heart

Septum


Describes filaments that do not have cell walls l.jpg

Describes filaments that do not have cell walls

Coenocyte


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The ability of some organisms, such as fungi, to exist in two forms, depending in general on the temperature and availability of nutrients

Dimorphism


A plant or fungal structure that bears a sporangium or spores l.jpg

A plant or fungal structure that bears a sporangium or spores

Sporangiophore


A specialized sac case capsule or other structure that produces spores l.jpg

A specialized sac, case, capsule, or other structure that produces spores

Sporangium


An asexual sore produced in certain fungi l.jpg

An asexual sore produced in certain fungi

Conidium


A type of hypha that bears asexual spores called conidia l.jpg

A type of hypha that bears asexual spores called conidia

Conidiophore


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In fungi, a reproductive process in which septate hypha dry and shatter and individual cells that act as spores are released

Fragmentation


Asexual reproduction in which a part of the parent organism pinches off and forms a new organism l.jpg

Asexual reproduction in which a part of the parent organism pinches off and forms a new organism

Budding


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A root-like structure in nonvascular plants, such as mosses or liverworts, that holds the plants in place and aids in absorption

Rhizoid


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In plants, a creeping stem that can develop roots and shoots at its nodes or at its tip to form new individuals; the creeping hypha of some fungi that gives rise to new individuals

Stolon


A cell or an organ that produces gametes l.jpg

A cell or an organ that produces gametes

Gametangium


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In members of the phylum Zygomycota, a sexual structure that is formed by the fusion of two gametangia and that contains one or more zygotes that resulted from the fusion of gametes produced by the gametangia

Zygosporangium


A structure that produces asexual spores in basidiomycetes l.jpg

A structure that produces asexual spores in basidiomycetes

Basidium


The part of a basidiomycete that produces spores l.jpg

The part of a basidiomycete that produces spores

Basidiocarp


An asexual spore formed by a basidium l.jpg

An asexual spore formed by a basidium

Basidiospore


The female sexual organ or cell in ascomycetes l.jpg

The female sexual organ or cell in ascomycetes

Ascogonium


A reproductive structure that produces male sex cells in flowerless and seedless plants l.jpg

A reproductive structure that produces male sex cells in flowerless and seedless plants

Antheridium


The reproductive portion of an ascomycete l.jpg

The reproductive portion of an ascomycete

Ascocarp


The spore sac where ascomycetes produce ascospores l.jpg

The spore sac where ascomycetes produce ascospores

Ascus


A spore produced in an ascus by ascomycetes l.jpg

A spore produced in an ascus by ascomycetes

Ascospore


A symbiotic association between fungi and plant roots l.jpg

A symbiotic association between fungi and plant roots

Mycorrhize


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A mass of cells formed by a fungus in symbiosis with a photosynthetic partner (usually a cyanobacterium or green algae); lichen typically grow on nutrient-poor surfaces, such as rocks and tree bark

Lichen


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A toxic fungal poison that causes liver cancer; found as contaminants in peanuts and corn; produced by a species of the genus Aspergillus

Aflatoxin


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