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Vocabulary Review. Ch 26 - Fungi. In biology, a fungus that grows in the form of a tangled mass of filaments. Mold.

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Vocabulary review l.jpg

Vocabulary Review

Ch 26 - Fungi



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A very small, unicellular fungus that ferments carbohydrates into alcohol and carbon dioxide; used to ferment beer and to leaven bread and used as a source of vitamins and proteins

Yeast


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A nonreproductive filament of a fungus into alcohol and carbon dioxide; used to ferment beer and to leaven bread and used as a source of vitamins and proteins

Hypha


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A carbohydrate that forms part of the exoskeleton of arthropods and other organisms, such as insects, crustaceans, fungi, and some algae

Chitin



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A dividing wall, or partition, such as the wall between adjacent cells in a fungal hypha, the internal wall between adjacent s3egments of an annelid, and the thick wall between the right and left chambers of the heart

Septum


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Describes filaments that do not have cell walls adjacent cells in a fungal hypha, the internal wall between adjacent s3egments of an annelid, and the thick wall between the right and left chambers of the heart

Coenocyte


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The ability of some organisms, such as fungi, to exist in two forms, depending in general on the temperature and availability of nutrients

Dimorphism






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In fungi, a reproductive process in which septate hypha dry and shatter and individual cells that act as spores are released

Fragmentation


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Asexual reproduction in which a part of the parent organism pinches off and forms a new organism

Budding


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A root-like structure in nonvascular plants, such as mosses or liverworts, that holds the plants in place and aids in absorption

Rhizoid


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In plants, a creeping stem that can develop roots and shoots at its nodes or at its tip to form new individuals; the creeping hypha of some fungi that gives rise to new individuals

Stolon


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A cell or an organ that produces gametes at its nodes or at its tip to form new individuals; the creeping hypha of some fungi that gives rise to new individuals

Gametangium


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In members of the phylum Zygomycota, a sexual structure that is formed by the fusion of two gametangia and that contains one or more zygotes that resulted from the fusion of gametes produced by the gametangia

Zygosporangium


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A structure that produces asexual spores in basidiomycetes is formed by the fusion of two gametangia and that contains one or more zygotes that resulted from the fusion of gametes produced by the gametangia

Basidium


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The part of a basidiomycete that produces spores is formed by the fusion of two gametangia and that contains one or more zygotes that resulted from the fusion of gametes produced by the gametangia

Basidiocarp


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An asexual spore formed by a basidium is formed by the fusion of two gametangia and that contains one or more zygotes that resulted from the fusion of gametes produced by the gametangia

Basidiospore


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The female sexual organ or cell in ascomycetes is formed by the fusion of two gametangia and that contains one or more zygotes that resulted from the fusion of gametes produced by the gametangia

Ascogonium


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A reproductive structure that produces male sex cells in flowerless and seedless plants

Antheridium


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The reproductive portion of an ascomycete flowerless and seedless plants

Ascocarp


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The spore sac where ascomycetes produce ascospores flowerless and seedless plants

Ascus


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A spore produced in an ascus by ascomycetes flowerless and seedless plants

Ascospore


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A symbiotic association between fungi and plant roots flowerless and seedless plants

Mycorrhize


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A mass of cells formed by a fungus in symbiosis with a photosynthetic partner (usually a cyanobacterium or green algae); lichen typically grow on nutrient-poor surfaces, such as rocks and tree bark

Lichen


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A toxic fungal poison that causes liver cancer; found as contaminants in peanuts and corn; produced by a species of the genus Aspergillus

Aflatoxin


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