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A Regional Initiative for Monitoring Access to Water Supply and Sanitation Beyond 2015. Mohamed I. Al-Hamdi UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia – ESCWA Arab Water Week – New Prospects and Challenges for the Water Sector in the Arab Region Amman, Jordan – 27-29 January 2013.

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A Regional Initiative for Monitoring Access to Water Supply and Sanitation Beyond 2015

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A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

A Regional Initiative for MonitoringAccess to Water Supply and Sanitation Beyond 2015

Mohamed I. Al-Hamdi

UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia – ESCWA

Arab Water Week – New Prospects and Challenges for the Water Sector in the Arab Region

Amman, Jordan – 27-29 January 2013


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Outline

  • Current water and sanitation MDG

  • Progress achieved

    • At the Global level

    • At the Arab “Regional” level

  • Water and Sanitation in the global development Agenda Beyond 2015

    • Shortcomings of the current “goal-indicator system”

    • Water and sanitation as a human right

    • MDG+ initiative

  • Reflections


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Current water and sanitation MDG


Classification of water supply indicators

Access to improved drinking water source

Definition of “improved water source”

“By the nature of their construction or through active intervention, are protected from outside contamination, particularly from faecal matter.”

Classification of Water Supply Indicators


Classification of sanitation indicators

Access to improved Sanitation facility

Definition of “Improved sanitation facility”

“Facilities that ensure hygienic separation of human excreta from human contact.”

Classification of Sanitation Indicators

Observation

Protection of public health from water born and water related diseases is the main rationale behind the water and sanitation MDG.


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Progressed Achieved (1)

  • At the Global Level

  • “ The MDG drinking water target, which…….. , was met in 2010, five years ahead of schedule.” ……….”the world is unlikely to meet the MDG sanitation target.” (JMP 2012 biennial progress report)

    • 2 billion gained access to improved water sources and 1.8 billion gained access to improved sanitation facilities (1990-2010).

  • BUT,

    • Regional “hot spots” i.e. Sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania.

    • Large urban-rural disparities and inequalities.

    • Water quality.


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Progressed Achieved (2)

  • At the Arab “Regional” level

    • Improved sanitation coverage increased from 72% to 82% (1990-2008).

    • Improved drinking water coverage increased from 81% to 82% (1990-2008).

    • Significant inequalities in the use of improved sanitation facilities between urban and rural areas in Arab States.

    • The Arab region is ON TRACK to achieve the sanitation target.

    • The Arab region is OFF TRACK to achieve the drinking water target.


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Progressed Achieved (3)


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Progressed Achieved (4)


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Progressed Achieved (5)


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Water and Sanitation in the global development Agenda Beyond 2015 (1)

  • Rio +20 Conference

    • Intergovernmental Working Group tasked to design SDGs.

    • Secretary General Appointed a HLP to advise on the global development agenda beyond 2015.

    • Water – not high in the Rio Agenda.

    • Water and Sanitation Vs. IWRM.

    • “Water Community” Want a “standalone goal on water”? ….. The notion of water as crosscutting !!

  • JMP – UNECIF/WHO

    • Created a discussion platform that:

    • Critically reviews current shortcomings, and

    • Aim to reach consensus on a “menu of options for global WASH goals and corresponding targets and indicators for considerations by UN member states…”


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Water and Sanitation in the global development Agenda Beyond 2015 (2)

  • Shortcomings of the use of the proxy indicator “improved”:

    • Water Quality

    • Reliability

    • Affordability

    • Sustainability

    • Accessibility

    • Equality


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Water and Sanitation in the global development Agenda Beyond 2015 (3)

  • Water and sanitation as a Human Right

    • General Assembly Resolution 64/292 (July 2010):

      “1. Recognizes the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right that is essential for the full enjoyment of life and all human rights”

    • Human Rights Council resolution 15/9 (October 2010):

      “3. Affirms that the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation is derived from the right to an adequate standard of living and inextricably related to the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, as well as the right to life and human dignity;”

    • Human Rights Council resolution 18/1 (October 2011):

      “7. Calls upon States:

      a) To continuouslymonitor and regularly analyze the status of the realization of the right to safe drinking water and sanitation on the basis of the criteria of availability, quality, acceptability, accessibility and affordability;

      c) To develop comprehensive plans and strategies, including the definition of responsibilities for all water and sanitation sector actors, to achieve progressively the full realization of the right to safe drinking water and sanitation for all, or re-examine and revise them where necessary to ensure consistency with human rights standards and principles;”


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Water and Sanitation in the global development Agenda Beyond 2015 (4)

  • MDG+ Initiative

  • Mandate

    • Three resolutions of the Arab Ministerial Water Council.

  • Aim

    • Enhance monitoring not develop new goal.

  • Scope

    • Level and quality of access and services.

    • Environmental protection.

  • Indicators

    • Expand on current JMP indicators to include issues like; availability, quality, affordability, and environmental protection.

    • Data availability and measurability.

    • Efficiency (maximum additional information in relation to needed efforts).

    • Phasing.


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Water and Sanitation in the global development Agenda Beyond 2015 (5)


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Water and Sanitation in the global development Agenda Beyond 2015 (6)

  • Vision for implementing the MDG+ Initiative

  • At the National level

    • National Monitoring Teams (representation of concerned agencies).

  • At the Regional level

    • Arab Ministerial Water Council - political coverage.

    • Advisory Board (ESCWA, ACWUA, CEDARE, RAED, AWC).

    • Data management system (MDG+ unit) - ACWUA.

    • Technical and institutional support - ESCWA and ACWUA.

  • At the Global Level

    • Financial support – Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA).


A regional initiative for monitoring access to water supply and sanitation beyond 2015

  • Reflections

  • Water (management/services) is cross cutting, and impacts (directly or indirectly) other social and economic sectors (education, health, economy, etc..)

  • A conceptual framework of the post 2015 water & sanitation MDG/SDG is underway and will probably be governed by:

    • The official global recognition of water and sanitation as a human right, and,

    • The crosscutting nature and role of water in achieving sustainable development.

  • Evidence indicate that the current proxy indicator “improved” will probably loose some of its presumptions in favor for more tangible, but costly to monitor, indicators of reliability, water quality, sustainability, equality, accessibility and affordability.

  • The MDG+ initiative/project is an opportunity to harmonize national monitoring systems with the global trend and assist to enhance capacities at the national level.


Thanks for your attention

Thanks for your attention …

Mohamed Al-Hamdi

Water Resources Section

Sustainable Development and Productivity Division

UN-ESCWA

Tel: +961 1 978 524

Fax: +961 1 981 510

Email: [email protected]

Web: www.escwa.un.org


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