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Should you buy an e-textbook?. A Selective History of Physiological Psychology. You look at where you’re going and where you are and it never makes sense, but then you look back at where you’ve been and a pattern seems to emerge. R.M. Pirsig (1974)

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Should you buy an e-textbook?

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Should you buy an

e-textbook?


A Selective

History of

Physiological

Psychology


You look

at where you’re going

and where you are

and it never makes sense,

but then you look back

at where you’ve been

and a pattern seems to emerge.

R.M. Pirsig (1974)

Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance


4000-year-old trephinated skull

trephines


Ancient

Philosophers


Hippocrates

ca. 460 B.C.-ca 370 B.C.


Aristotle

384 B.C. – 322 B.C.


Claude Galen

120-ca.216 A.D.


The

Renaissance


Anatomy

and

Physiology


Leonardo da Vinci

1452-1519


1489

1489

1490

1506

a. drawing of brain; line intersections are center of sensory perception

b. drawing of skull

c. drawing of brain in skull, showing ventricles

d. drawing of ventricles, based on wax mold made from ox brain


AndreasVesalius

1514-1564


De Humani Corporis Fabrica


De Humani Corporis Fabrica


  • De Humani Corporis Fabrica


De Humani Corporis Fabrica


De Humani Corporis Fabrica


De Humani Corporis Fabrica


De Humani Corporis Fabrica


William Harvey

1578-1657


René Descartes

1596-1650


Albrecht von Haller

1708-1777


Localization

of

Function


Charles Bell

1774-1842

François

Magendie

1783-1855


Johannes Peter Müller

1801-1858


Franz Joseph Gall

1758-1828


Paul Broca

1824-1880


Jean Pierre Flourens

1794-1867


Karl Lashley

1890-1958


Electrical Bases

of

Neural Activity


Luigi Galvani

1737-1798


Critical

Experiment

1791


Alessandro Volta

1745-1827

Critical Experiment 1800


Emil du Bois-Reymond

1818-1896


Hermann L.F. von Helmholtz

1821-1894


Sir Charles Sherrington

1857-1952


Histology

of the

Nervous System


Marie Bichat

1771-1802


Camillo Golgi

1843-1926


Santiago Ramon y Cajal

1852-1934


Chemical Bases

of

Nervous Function


Claude Bernard

1813-1878


Sir Henry Dale

1875-1968


Dale’s Experiment

vagus

nerve

frog’s

heart

Ringer’s solution

1. Stimulate the vagus nerve and the

heart slows down

2. Add acetylcholine to the Ringer’s

solution and the heart slows down


Otto Loewi

1873-1961


Loewe’s Experiment

vagus

nerve

transfer

Ringer’s

A

B

frog’s

heart

Ringer’s solution

1. Stimulate the vagus nerve and the

heart in beaker A slows down

THEN

2. Transfer Ringer’s solution from A to B

and heart in B slows down


Synaptic Plasticity


Donald Hebb

1904-1985


Hebb’s Postulate of Learning

D.O. Hebb (1949) Organization of Behavior . N.Y.: Wiley & Sons, p. 62.


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