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Irregular preterite verbs have no accents. Ir and Ser are the same in the preterite:. EL PRETÉRITO IRREGULAR. You tell which verb is being used by the context of the sentence. fui fuimos fuiste fue fueron. Mi madre fue secretaria. Mi madre fue al supermercado.

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el pret rito irregular

Irregular preterite verbs have no accents

Ir and Ser are the same in the preterite:

EL PRETÉRITO IRREGULAR

You tell which verb is being used by the context of the sentence.

fui fuimos

fuiste

fue fueron

Mi madre fue secretaria.

Mi madre fue al supermercado.

slide2

Hacer is also irregular in the preterite:

Hice

Hiciste

Hizo

Hicimos

Hicieron

Mi madre hizo un pastel ayer.

slide3

Dar and Ver are almost the same in the preterite:

di dimos

diste

dio dieron

vi vimos

viste

vio vieron

Mi madre me dio veinte dólares.

Mi madre vio la película ayer.

el pret rito irregular1

We group the other irregular verbs by the change in their stem. They do follow a pattern.

  • There are 3 types of stems: I, U, and J.

EL PRETÉRITO IRREGULAR

  • All the other irregular verbs have the same set of endings:

e imos

iste

o ieron

Remember, there are NO ACCENTS on irregular preterit verbs!!

slide5

“I” -stem verbs

  • Note: HACER in 3rd person singular (él, ella, usted) hic- changes to hiz-.

hacer

querer

venir

hic-

quis-

vin-

This prevents a “K” sound in the verb:

hico hizo

  • Note: QUERER changes meaning in the preterite. In the present it means “to want” but in the past it is translated to “tried” in the affirmative (+); “refused” in the negative (-).
slide6

“U”-stem verbs

poder

poner

saber

pud-

andar

estar

tener

anduv-

estuv-

pus-

tuv-

sup-

  • Note: PODER changes meaning in the preterite. It is translated to “managed.”
  • Note: SABER changes meaning in the preterite. It is translated to “found out.”
slide7

“J”-stem verbs

decir

traer

-ducir

dij-

traj-

duj-

conducir:

conduje condujimos

condujiste

condujo condujeron

  • Note: j-stem verbs drop the i from the 3rd person plural (ellos, ellas, ustedes): dijeron
re cap
Re-cap
  • There are no accents on irregular preterit verbs!
  • All irregular verbs have the same endings! (e, iste, o, imos, ieron)
  • Ir and ser are the same in the preterit!
  • There are 3 types of stems in the irregular preterit: “I”, “U”, and “J”.
irregular verbs
Irregular verbs

Verb Meaning Stem

Hacer - to do, make hic

Querer - to want (refuse) quis

Venir - to come vin

Andar - to walk, run anduv

Estar - to be estuv

Tener - to have tuv

Poder - to be able to (managed) pud

Poner - to put, place pus

Saber - to know (found out) sup

Decir - to say, tell dij

Traer - to bring traj

Endings

-e -imos

-iste

-o -ieron

*j-stem(eron)

el pret rito irregular pr ctica change the present tense to the preterit

1. Mis amigos hacen una fiesta.

Mis amigos hicieron una fiesta.

EL PRETÉRITO IRREGULARPráctica (change the present-tense to the preterit.)

2. Juan es estudiante.

Juan fue estudiante.

3. Carlos trae los libros en su mochila.

Carlos trajo los libros en su mochila.

4. Nosotros les damos un carro nuevo.

Nosotros les dimos un carro nuevo.

el pret rito irregular pr ctica

5. Yo no quiero hacer la tarea.

Yo no quise hacer la tarea.

EL PRETÉRITO IRREGULARPráctica

6. Los amigos vienen a la escuela juntos.

Los amigos vinieron a la escuela juntos.

7. Mi madre pone la mesa.

Mi madre puso la mesa.

8. La profesora sabe la verdad.

La profesora supo la verdad.

ad