The common good approach
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The Common Good Approach. Teri Wuest, Katie Kuen, Rebecca Meixner Th, 5:30 Ethical Theories Presentation April 9, 2009. Define Common Good. Individuals own good is parallel with the good of the community, members are bound by the pursuit of common values/goals. Social policies Institutions

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The Common Good Approach

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The common good approach

The Common Good Approach

Teri Wuest, Katie Kuen, Rebecca Meixner

Th, 5:30

Ethical Theories Presentation

April 9, 2009


Define common good

Define Common Good

  • Individuals own good is parallel with the good of the community, members are bound by the pursuit of common values/goals


Systems and goods beneficial to all

Social policies

Institutions

Environments

Social systems

Affordable healthcare

Effective public safety

Peace among nations

Just legal system

Unpolluted environment

Systems and goods beneficial to all

http://www.scu.edu/ethics/publications/iie/v7n1/thinking.html


Aristotle 384 bc 322 bc

Aristotle384 BC – 322 BC


Traditional point of view

Traditional point of view

Even if the good is the same for the individual and the city, the good of the city clearly is the greater and more perfect thing to attain and to safeguard.

http://assets.cambridge.org/97805218/02055/sample/9780521802055ws.pdf


The common good approach

  • The attainment of the good for one person alone is, to be sure, a source of satisfaction; yet to secure it for a nation and for cities is nobler and more and more divine.


Affirmative action programs

Affirmative Action Programs

  • Do women and minorities deserve to receive differential treatment in job opportunities, qualified of not?

  • Do minorities deserve preferential treatment in entering college, merits or not?


John rawls 1920 2002

John Rawls1920-2002


Contemporary point of view

Contemporary point of view

  • "A Theory of Justice" (1971)

  • “We all have individual rights which cannot be sacrificed in the name of utility”

http://74.125.95.132/search?q=cache:dxQO_P0qSAwJ:libertyunbound.com/archive/2003_02/narveson-rawls.html+john+rawls+on+the+common+good+approach&cd=4&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us


The common good approach

  • “certain general conditions that are…equally to everyone’s advantage.”


Healthcare for all

Healthcare for all?

  • Does everyone deserve the same medical treatment, insured or not?

  • Does it matter what your income is vs. what type of coverage you will receive?

  • Who pays for it?


Criticism of the common good

Criticism of the common good

  • All people work for only the common good and get an equal share of total output regardless of how hard (or little) they worked


Criticism continued

Criticism continued. . .

  • Affirmative Action programs give preferential treatment to women and minorities

  • Individuals are not treated equally

  • However, these programs are indispensable for achieving social justice

http://www.scu.edu/ethics/publications/iie/v2n1/homepage.html


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Supports social programs that promote justice and equality

  • A for effort

  • However, unrealistic in this day and age


Questions

Questions

  • What are the benefits to the Common Good Approach?

  • Disadvantages?

  • Will the Common Good Approach cause more harm than good?


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